I came across this forum while searching for Malayalam grammar. A big THANKS to you. You have cleared quite a few doubts I had e.g. Past tense verb forms, Usage of "AaN(U)" etc.
I am learning Malayalam for last few weeks (my mother tongue is Hindi, Have studied Sanskrit in school), i can read malayalam script, understand 40% of movies dialogues (am a big malayalam cinema fan).
I am using couple of online resources and have listed down grammar rules, i guess regular practice, vocabulary building and Malayalam tv channels should help further.
I have few doubts related to couple of post you shared earlier, request you to take some time out for me.
1. You have added "Y" between Infinitive verb form and aanu/ aayirunnu/ aayirikkum, is it in accordance with sandhi rules you suggested earlier, where "Y" is added after "A/ AA" ending nouns? Or Sandhi rules are applicable only to Nouns?
2. For numerals you had suggested "If that number begins with a consonant, you put pathin- before it; if it begins with a vowel, you put pathi- before it." for numbers 11-19. Isn't it the other way round? Or am I missing something?
3. Please suggest any grammar book (preferably e-book) which I can buy/ download in India.
4. cheyyukayaaN(u) > cheyyukayaa > cheyya AND pokukayaayirunnu > pokaayirunnu. What would be spoken form for cheyyukayaayirikkum?
Also, spoken form for Continuous form koNT-irikkunnu/ koNT-irunnu/ koNT-irikkum
and Perfective irikkunnu/ irunnu/ irikkum please.
It would be better if you can summarise spoken forms in a different post like you covered Past tense verb forms.
5. Need your suggestion, I am in Chennai so it's easier to learn Tamil as I have friends in office I can communicate with, however I do not want to stop learning Malayalam and start Tamil. Somehow I feel it's easier for me to learn Malayalam than Tamil (Sanskrit vocabulary helps, and then i have plans to settle down in Kerala!!) Can I learn both at the same time? Is it wise to do so? I have basic knowledge about Tamil grammar and i also understand that basic vocab, Grammar rules like Case suffix etc are similar if not same. I am planning to get hold of basic Malayalam first then learn tamil by preparing a comparison sheet, like Ablative Malayalam suffix- Ninn(u), Tamil- Illrundu..and so on. Your views please.
sshashwatt wrote:Thanks a ton for your reply! I was checking this forum twice a day!
Few more questions!!
1). As you mentioned,
cheyyukayaaN(u) > cheyyukayaa > cheyya
pokukayaayirunnu > pokaayirunnu
cheyyukayaayirikkum > cheyyaayirikkum
I understand that “ukay” part is not considered while speaking
paryuka- paryukayaaN(u)> paryaaN(u) > paryaa
ooduka- oodukayaaN(u)>oodaaN(u) > ooda
kolluka-kollukayaaN(u)>kollaaN(u) > kolla
Sambadikkuka - sambadikkukayaaN(u)> sambaadikkaaN(u) > sambaadikka
Is that correct?
2) How to make continuous tense sentences?
3) I understand that “undu-undayirunnu-undaakum” is used for “have/had/will have” sentences.
I have a car. Enikk oru car undu.
What does “padhikunnuUND” mean then? (undu along with tense marked verb?) Does it have same meaning as “Padhikunnu (reads)”
4) “Am/ Are/ Is/ Was/ Were” sentences are made using “aaN-aayirunnu-aayirikkum”
I am a Malayalee. Njaan malayaliaaN.
Once used with Infinitive verb (ex. ooduka) it denotes continuous aspect.
Njaan oodukayaaN/ oodukayaayirunn.
“Past tense marked verb + oNTirikkunnu/ oNTirunnu/ oNTirikkum” is also used for making continuous sentences. avaL padichu-oNTirikkunnu.
What is the difference between both?
Is “padhikkuka+y+aaN(u)”= “padichu+oNTirikkunnu”
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