I would expalin to your question, but I didn't have a confidence to do it cause of my english ability.
I hope you can understand.
If you notice, please correct my english
I really think Daniel's work is so great to study Japanese. I hope Daniel comes back, too.
Daniel wrote:By the way, the pronunciation of the Japanese 'i' behaves exactly the same way as the 'u':
Doitash(i)te mash(i)te! - You are welcome! / Don't mention it!
H(i)to - Person
You all have the right answers to Exercise 1! Congratulations! This proves that Japanese at basic level is easy.
JAPANESE LESSON TWO
Negating a Japanese verb is very easy. Just change the last -masu to -masen:
Watashi wa cha o nomimasen.
I don't drink tea.
bīru – beer
kakimasu – write
tegami – letter
terebi – TV
EXERCISE 2: Translate into Japanese:
1. I don't drink beer.
2. The man does not write the letter.
3. The student isn't watching the TV.
4. The woman doesn't eat the cake.
5. The cat doesn't see the dog.
Types of verbs
Because of the level of politeness in the Japanese society, this is reflected in the Japanese language itself, the verbs can have certain endings to express the level of politeness. Here, I am using the -masu form because it is the simplest as well as the most polite form. In the next few lessons, however, I will teach you how to use the plain form (that is, the informal ending that is used by people in informal situation).
You have already met a few but most useful verbs above and in the previous lesson. Now you are going to meet this most useful and important verb in the Japanese language - desu. It is irregular so has to be memorised when changing its endings. This special verb means 'be'. Look at below:
Watashi wa sensei desu.
I am a teacher.
The negative form of desu is de wa arimasen or just ja arimasen:
Otoko no hito wa gakusei de wa arimasen / ja arimasen.
The man is not a student.
BTW, I was noticing that a lot of people were translating "you" and "I" into "anata wa" and "watshi wa" respectively. I was taught never to do this in my classes, especially with "anata" because it implies a very personal relationship.
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