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Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-09-06, 15:29
by h34
(udm)

I'd like to start a thread devoted to the Udmurt language. Thanks in advance for any additions!

Resources
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Topics
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:arrow: Links to other threads in the Uralic Languages subforum

Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-09-06, 15:44
by h34
Declension

Nominative (singular, plural):
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Genitive (s, p):
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Dative (s, p):
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Accusative (s, p):
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Ablative (s, p):
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Abessive (s, p):
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Instrumental (s, p):
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Adverbial (s, p):
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Approximative (s, p):
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Inessive (s, p):
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Illative (s, p):
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Elative (s, p):
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Terminative (s, p):
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Egressive (s, p):
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Prolative (s, p):
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:arrow: for comparison

Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-09-07, 0:51
by Linguaphile

Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-09-07, 7:42
by Antea
This video in Russian, is a general introduction to Udmurt language.

https://youtu.be/QbE_A5JvfjQ

Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-09-23, 9:06
by h34
Basic video lessons 14 short lessons with basic vocabulary and grammar:

(They seem to have disappeared, at least temporarily.)
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Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-09-23, 20:14
by Linguaphile
Thank you for posting these, h34! Тау бадӟым!

Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-09-29, 10:55
by h34
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Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-10-07, 18:21
by h34
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Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-10-08, 20:58
by h34
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Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2018-11-01, 5:59
by h34
Bodies of water

ву = water
ошмес ву = spring water
ошмес = spring
ӧр = brook, creek (?)
шур = river
ӧр, шур ӧр = riverbed
ты = lake
тымет = pond
пукыл = puddle
нюр = bog
вуусён = waterfall
ярдур = shore, coast
сюм = bay, gulf
мувис = strait
зарезь = sea
тулкым = wave
шормуӵ = island
мукож = peninsula
инвис = horizon

:arrow: for comparison

Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2019-03-17, 1:51
by h34
Some conversational phrases

Салам! = Hello!
Ӟечбур! = Hello!
Ӟечбуресь! = Hello!
Бур ӵукна! = Good morning!
Бур ӝытэн! = Good evening!
Ӟеч кӧл(э)! = Good night!
Кыӵе ужъёсты? = How is it going?
Кыӵе улӥськоды? = How are you?
Тау, умой. = Fine, thanks.
Ӟеч лу(э)! = Goodbye!
Ӝоген пумыськытозямы! = See you soon!
Буркарик = Please
Тау! = Thank you!
Тау бадӟым! = Бадӟым тау! = Thanks a lot!
Мылысь-кыдысь! = You're welcome! (answering to "thank you")
Кӧня сылэ? = Кӧняен? = How much does it cost?
лавка = store, shop
автобус дугдылонни = bus stop
Тӥ удмурт сямен вераськиськоды-а? = Do you speak Udmurt?
ӟуч (кыл) = Russian (language)
эстон (кыл) = Estonian (language)
финн (кыл) = Finnish (language)
англи (кыл) = English (language)
француз (кыл) = French (language)
немец (кыл) = German (language)
Кызьы тӥляд нимды? = What's your name?
Мынам нимы (+ name) = My name is ...
Кытысь тӥ? = Where are you from?
Уг тодӥськы. = I don't know.

:arrow: for comparison

Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2019-08-06, 5:53
by h34
Personal pronouns in Udmurt

Nominative:
s1 мон / mon
s2 тон / ton
s3 со / so
p1 ми / mi *
p2 тӥ / ti
p3 соос / soos

Personal attributive pronouns ('myself', 'me personally', 'yourself', 'you personally' etc):
s1 ачим / ačim
s2 ачид / ačid
s3 ачиз / ačiz
p1 асьмеос / as'meoc **
p2 асьтэос / as'teos
p3 асьсэос / as'seos

* exclusive: I + he/she/they
** inclusive: I + you (+ he/she/they)

This paper (pdf, 0.6 MB) compares the inclusive-exclusive distinction in the pronominal forms of the Udmurt language to similar distinctions in Tagalog; it also mentions the existence of an inclusive form which has appeared in the Yiddish idiom spoken in Udmurtia, apparently under the influence of Udmurt:
http://kirj.ee/public/Linguistica_Uralica/2018/issue_3/ling-2018-3-213-224.pdf


Genitive:
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Dative:
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Accusative:
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Ablative:
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Abessive:
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Instrumental:
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Adverbial:
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Allative / Approximative:
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:arrow: for comparison

Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2019-08-16, 18:34
by h34
Noun declension with possessive suffixes

Example: бусы / busy = field

Nominative (singular, plural):
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Genitive (singular, plural):
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Dative (singular, plural):
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Accusative (singular, plural):
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Ablative (singular, plural):
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Abessive (singular, plural):
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Instrumental (singular, plural):
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Adverbial (singular, plural):
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Approximative (singular, plural):
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Inessive = illative (singular, plural):
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Elative (singular, plural):
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Terminative (singular, plural):
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Terminative (alternatives for s1, s2, and s3) (singular, plural):
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Egressive (singular, plural):
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Prolative (singular, plural):
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:arrow: for comparison

Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2019-08-18, 10:28
by h34
Weather terms

куазь / kuaz' = weather
чебер куазь / čeber kuaz' = nice weather
урод куазь / urod kuaz' = bad weather
шунды / šundy = sun
шунды пиштэ / šundy pište = the sun is shining
пилем / pil'em = cloud
пилемо, пильмо / pil'emo, pil'mo = cloudy
кӧс / kös = dry
кӧс куазь / kös kuaz' = dry weather
тӧл / töl = wind
тӧло / tölo = windy
капчи тӧл / kapči töl = light wind
кужмо тӧл / kužmo töl = strong wind
сильтӧл / sil'töl = storm
сильтӧл, ураган / sil'töl, uragan = (big) storm, tempest
сильтӧло / sil'tölo = stormy
гудыри / gudyri = thunder
чилектэм / čil'ektem = lightning
бус / bus = fog
бусо / buso = foggy
нап бус / nap bus = dense fog
зор / zor = rain
зоро / zoro = rainy
зоре / zore = it's raining
лымы / lymy = snow
лымыё / lymyjo = snowy
лымыя, лымы усе / lymyja, lymy use = it's snowing
кот лымы / kot lymy = sleet
йӧ, йӧзор / jö, jözor = hail
пужмер / pužmer = frost
йӧ / jö = ice
кезьыт / k'ez'yt = cold
шуныт / šunyt = warm
пӧсь / pös' = hot
кот, нюскыт / kot, n'uskyt = humid, muggy, damp
лысву / lysvu = dew

:arrow: for comparison

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Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2019-08-18, 20:35
by h34
Vegetation

нюлэс / n'ules = forest
арама / arama = grove, copse
писпу / pispu = tree
(пу / pu = wood [material])
лысо писпу / lyso pispu = conifer
кызьпу / kyz'pu= birch
бадьпу / bad'pu = willow
пужым / pužym = pine
тыпу / typu = oak
беризь / beriz' = linden
бадяр / bad'ar = maple
пипу / pipu = aspen
лулпу / lulpu = alder
лыстэм пужым / lystem pužym = larch
кыз / kyz = spruce, fir
ньылпу / n'ylpu = fir
ясень / jasen' = ash
палэзь / palež' = rowan
льöм / l'öm = bird cherry
емыш / jemyš = berry
ягмульы, нюлэсмульы / jagmul'y, n'ulesmul'y = lingonberry
сутэр / suter = currant
сьöд сутэр / s'öd suter = black currant
нюрмульы / n'urmul'y = cranberry
узы / uzy = strawberry
кудымульы / kudymul'y = blueberry
сьöд эмезь, лыз эмезь / s'öd emez', lyz emez' = cloudberry
огшоры эмезь / ogšory emez' = raspberry
турын / turyn = grass, weed, hay
сяська / s'as'ka = flower, blossom
выжы / vyžy = root
вай / vaj = branch
куар / kuar = leaf
лыс / lys = thorn, needle
кускыли / kuskyli = cone
мульы / mul'y = nut
губи / gubi = mushroom
ӝуй / džuj = moss

:arrow: for comparison

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Re: Udmurt (Удмурт кыл)

Posted: 2019-08-24, 8:41
by h34
Parts of the body

йыр / jyr = head
йырси / jyrs'i = hair
вим, виым / vim, viym = brain
ымныр / ymnyr = face
син / s'in = eye
синкаш / s'inkaš = eyebrow
ныр / nyr = nose
пель / pel' = ear
ым / ym = mouth
ымдур / ymdur = lip
кыл / kyl = tongue
чырты / čyrty = neck (front)
йырбер / jyrber = back of the neck, back of the head
пельпум / pel'pum = shoulder
гырпум / gyrpum = elbow
ки / ki = arm, hand
чиньы / čin'y = finger
пӧлы / pöly = thumb
чиньы-пӧлы / čin'y-pöly = fingers
тыбыр / tybyr = back
гадь / gad' = chest
кӧт / köt = stomach, belly
ку / ku = skin
быгыт / bygyt = muscle
сюлэм / s'ulem= heart
ты / ty = lung
пыдес / pydes = knee
пыд, кук / pyd, kuk = leg, foot

:arrow: for comparison

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