Massimiliano B wrote:
The least known among the Finnic languages, very similar to Võro:http://www.setoinstituut.ee/
Seto: Kõik inemiseq sünnüseq avvo ja õiguisi poolõst ütesugumaidsist. Näile om annõt mudsu ja süämetun'stus ja nä piät ütstõõsõga vele muudu läbi kjauma.
Võro: Kõik inemiseq sünnüseq avvo ja õiguisi poolõst ütesugumaidsis. Näile om annõt mudsu ja süämetunnistus ja nä piät ütstõõsõga vele muudu läbi käümä.
(English: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood).
The difference between the two languages is very slight
There is a small dictionary/glossary of Seto (Seto to Estonian and Estonian to Seto) available online: Seto Sõnastik
Seto is often considered a southeastern dialect of Võro. There is a dialect continuum and the differences are extremely small. To illustrate how similar Seto and Võro can be, the example quote above shows a lot of similarities, but even so it actually exaggerates the differences a bit!
For example, two translations above seem to indicate that Seto uses the word kjauma
while Võro uses käümä
. I was surprised by that and so I looked up both words (käümä
) in the Seto Sõnastik as well as in the Võro dictionary that I typically use (the Võro Instituut's Synaq
The Seto Sõnastik does have an entry for kjauma
(spelled as ḱauma
), but that entry simply says "see käümä
". Likewise, the Võro dictionary lists both k'auma
as synonyms for käümä
in Võro as well. In other words, both kjauma
are used in both the Seto dialect/language as well as in Võro. So, they don't represent a difference between them.
But whether Seto is a dialect of Võro or a separate language, it exists, has speakers, and is interesting! In addition to the Seto Sõnastik linked above, you can also hear audio samples of spoken Seto (from the villages of Podmotsa, Vaartsi, Kosselka and Serga) here: EKI Fonoteek