Veps (vepsän kel')

Linguaphile
Posts: 1616
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Veps (vepsän kel')

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-07-14, 17:07

Personal pronouns

Nominative
1s: minä
2s: sinä
3s: hän
1p: mii = mö
2p: tii = tö
3p: hii = hö

Genitive
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Partitive
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Inessive
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Illative
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Elative
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Adessive
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Allative
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Ablative
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Translative
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Comitative
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Abessive
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Propinquative
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Approximative
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Egressive
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Terminative
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Prolative
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Last edited by Linguaphile on 2018-07-19, 2:02, edited 1 time in total.

Linguaphile
Posts: 1616
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Veps (vepsän kel')

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-07-15, 15:14

I just came across this book in Finnish for learning Veps:
Vepsän kielioppi by Riho Grünthal. It is available as a free pdf (as well as for sale as a book) from Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura.

Linguaphile
Posts: 1616
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Veps (vepsän kel')

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-07-19, 2:06

Conjugation of the verb olda (to be)

1s minä olen I am
2s sinä oled you (singular) are
3s hän om he/she is
1p mö olem we are
2p tö olet you (plural) are
3p hö oma they are

1s minä olin I was
2s sinä olid you (singular) were
3s hän oli he/she was
1p mö olim we were
2p tö olit you (plural) were
3p hö oliba they were

1s minä en ole I am not
2s sinä ed ole you (singular) are not
3s hän ei ole he/she is not
1p mö em olgoi we are not
2p tö et olgoi you (plural) are not
3p hö ei olgoi they are not

Linguaphile
Posts: 1616
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Veps (vepsän kel')

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-07-22, 21:45

Family words in Veps

mamoi = mam = mother
dadoi = tat = iža = father
tütär = daughter
poig = son
veľľ = brother
veik = older brother
sizar = sister
čikoi = čiža = older sister
baboi = bab = grandmother
dedoi = ded = grandfather
lapsenlaps = grandchild
poiganpoig = grandson (son's son)
tütrenpoig = grandson (daughter's son)
poigantütär = granddaughter (son's daughter)
tütrentütär = granddaughter (daughter's daughter)
ezibaboi = ezibab great grandmother
ezidedoi = ezided = great grandfather
tädi = aunt
däd' = uncle
vellenpoig = nephew (brother's son)
vellentütär = niece (brother's daughter)
sizarenpoig = nephew (sister's son)
sizarentütär = niece (sister's daughter)
mužik = husband
ak = wife
ap = father-in-law
anop' = mother-in-law
vävu = son-in-law
mind' = daughter-in-law
küdu = brother-in-law
nado = sister-in-law

Linguaphile
Posts: 1616
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Veps (vepsän kel')

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-08-09, 23:06

Vegetation

mec = forest
pu = tree
koiv = birch
paju = willow
pedai = pine
vahtar’ = maple
hab = aspen
lep = alder
kuz' = spruce, fir
pihl' = rowan
penzaz = shrub, bush
marj = berry
bol = lingonberry
sestrikaine = currant
garbol = garič = cranberry
manzikaine = strawberry
mustikaine = blueberry
babarm = raspberry
kadag = juniper
hein = hay, grass
änik = flower
änikoita = blossom
jur' = root
barb = branch
lehtez = leaf
negl = needle, thorn
käbu = cone
pähkim = nut
sen' = mushroom
samal = moss
karbe = lichen
sänijaug = fern

:arrow: for comparisons
Last edited by Linguaphile on 2018-09-02, 4:36, edited 1 time in total.

Linguaphile
Posts: 1616
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Veps (vepsän kel')

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-08-27, 0:34

Bodies of water

vezikogo = body of water
vezi = water
maged vezi :?: = fresh water
solavezi = salt water, brine
purtkevezi = spring water
purde = spring
kaiv = well
oja = creek, brook
jogi = river
jogipohj = riverbed
järv = lake
uit = pond
so = marsh, bog
kos'k = waterfall, cascade, rapids
kend = kendäk = shore
rand = shore, beach
randišt = coast
abaj = bay, gulf :?:
kaiduz = sal'm = strait
meri = sea
lainiž = laineh = wave
sar' = island

:arrow: for comparisons

Linguaphile
Posts: 1616
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Veps (vepsän kel')

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-09-02, 4:29

Examples of case declension for nouns

Singular forms of 'mec' (forest)

Nominative: mec
Genitive: mecan
Accusative: mecan
Partitive: mecad
Illative: mecha
Inessive: mecas
Elative: mecaspäi
Allative: mecale
Adessive: mecal
Ablative: mecalpäi
Translative: mecaks
Terminative: mechasai
Essive: mecan
Abessive: mecata
Comitative: mecanke
Prolative: mecadme
Propinquitive: mecanno
Approximative: mecanno = mecannoks
Aditive: mechapäi
Egressive: mecannopäi

Plural forms of 'mecad' (forests)
Nominative: mecad
Genitive: mecoiden
Accusative: mecad
Partitive: mecoid
Illative: mecoihe
Inessive: mecoiš
Elative: mecoišpäi
Allative: mecoile
Adessive: mecoil
Ablative: mecoilpäi
Translative: mecoikš
Terminative: mecoihesai = mecoilesai
Essive: mecoin
Abessive: mecoita
Comitative: mecoidenke
Prolative: mecoidme
Propinquitive: mecoidenno
Approximative: mecoidenno = mecoidennoks
Aditive: mecoihepäi = mecoilepäi

:arrow: for comparison


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