Cognates and semantic shifts

Linguaphile
Posts: 4647
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Cognates and semantic shifts

Postby Linguaphile » 2022-09-22, 0:51

(et) leem thin soup, broth
(vot) leemi thin soup, broth
(izh) leemi thin soup, broth
(fi) liemi broth, stock, brine
(krl) liemi broth
(liv) līem thin soup, broth, newly growing layer of tree bark
(vro) liimi' thin soup, broth
(vep) lem' thin broth, bouillon
(mhr) лем (lem) thin soup, broth, slop (semiliquid food)
(mrj) лем (lem) thin soup, broth, slop (semiliquid food)
(myv) лем (lem) fat
(kv) лем (lem) soup
(mdf) лям (lӓm) thin soup, broth
(mns) lǟm soup, porridge
(smi-smk) лимм (limm) broth, fish soup, meat soup
(smi-smt) limm broth, fish soup, meat soup
(udm) лым (lõm) thin soup, broth, bouillon, fish soup
(smi-sms) liõmm broth, fish soup, meat soup
(smi-smn) liemâ broth, stock
(smi-sme) liepma broth, stock
(smi-smj) liebma broth, fish stock
(smi-smu) liäbˈma meat soup
(hu) juice, gravy, liquid
(hu) leves soup

Linguaphile
Posts: 4647
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Cognates and semantic shifts

Postby Linguaphile » 2022-09-22, 20:09

Proto-Finnic *neuvo
Proto-Saamic *neavvō

(et) nõu advice, plan, container, dish
(vro) nõu advice, plan, tool, thing, part
(liv) nõv advice
(vro) nõvv advice, plan, tool, thing, part
(vot) nõvvo advice, resource, instrument
(fi) neuvo advice, resource
(izh) nevvo advice, equipment for catching fish
(olo) ńevvo advice, resource, instrument
(vep) -nevo in compounds: kenginevod footwear
(smi-sme) neavva advice, admonition
(smi-smj) nävvo tool, implement
(smi-sms) neävv tool, instrument, utensil
(smi-smu) neävvoo curse
(smi-smn) niävvu instrument, advice
(smi-smn) niävuh bed

Linguaphile
Posts: 4647
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Cognates and semantic shifts

Postby Linguaphile » 2022-09-23, 3:46

Proto-Finno-Permic *riŋeše
Proto-Finnic *riihi

The Inari Saami, Baltic German, Russian, Latvian, and Swedish words are loans from Finnic.
It is also one of several possible etymologies for the name of the Latvian capital, Rīga.

(et) rehi threshing barn
(vot) rihi dwelling, living room, room, threshing barn
(fi) riihi threshing barn, workshop
(izh) riihi threshing barn
(olo) riihi threshing barn
(krl) riihi threshing barn
(smi-smn) riihâ threshing barn
(vro) riih threshing barn
(vep) rih threshing barn
(liv) threshing barn
(sv) ria wooden kilnhouse for drying corn
(lv) rija threshing barn, kilnhouse
(ru) рига (riga) threshing barn, rickyard
(de-baltic) Riege threshing barn
(kv-kpv) рыныш (rõnõš) grain kiln, threshing barn
(kv-koi) рымыш (rõmõš) kiln barn, threshing barn
(udm) иншыр (inšõr) threshing barn, threshing floor


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