Useful Resources

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Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 11:50

In this thread you can find a collection of useful links that may help you with conlanging (and linguistics). You can find the old thread here (locked).

If you have a link you think should be included in this list, please send me a PM. If you notice a broken link, send me a PM too.

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The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.

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Re: Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 11:51

Recommended for beginners
Here is a shortlist of links recommended for beginners.

Everything in the section Language creation, grammar, syntax and vocabulary, and especially the Language Construction Kit: http://www.zompist.com/kit.html - a "manual" for creating (naturalistic) languages. A similar website is also Wikibook: Conlang https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Conlang - it's more of a step-by-step tutorial at various levels but really useful for beginners.

Highly recommended is also everything in the section IPA, X-SAMPA, phonology, sound changes, and especially the following:
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet - a Wikipedia article on the IPA; scroll down to chapter 5: Letters for symbols and audio recordings; and
Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-SAMPA - a Wikipedia article on X-SAMPA.

Another highly recommended link to read is Glossing rules: http://www.eva.mpg.de/lingua/resources/glossing-rules.php - the rules for glossing any language, natural or constructed.

If you're looking for an online wiki or a dictionary, the following is recommended:
Linguifex: http://www.linguifex.com/index.php?title=Main_Page or
FrathWiki: http://www.frathwiki.com/Main_Page to set up your pages for your conlang(s); and
ConWorkshop: http://conworkshop.info/feed.php - an online dictionary for conlangs, includes a forum and many useful tools.
Slovenščina (sl)English (en)Italiano (it)漢語 (zh)Español (es)Suomi (fi)Svenska (sv)日本語 (ja)فارسی (fa)Nešili (hit)
The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.

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Re: Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 11:52

Major websites and forums

Conlangers Bulletin Board (CBB): http://aveneca.com/cbb/ - a major forum primarily dedicated to conlanging and linguistics.

Zompist Bulletin Board (ZBB): http://www.incatena.org/ - another major forum dedicated to conlanging, linguistics and languages.

Omniglot: http://www.omniglot.com/ - a website dedicated to writing systems, languages, conscripts and conlangs; the accompanying forum is here: http://www.omniglot.com/forum/.

Conlangs Livejournal: http://conlangs.livejournal.com/ - a Livejournal community for conlanging.

Conlang Mailing List: https://listserv.brown.edu/conlang.html - a very active mailing list for discussing constructed and artificial languages.

Language Creation Society: http://conlang.org/ - a non-profit organisation for promoting conlangs, supporting conlangers, etc.

World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS): http://wals.info/ - a large database of structural (phonological, grammatical, lexical) properties of languages gathered from descriptive materials.

Conlang Atlas of Language Structures (CALS): http://cals.conlang.org/- like the above WALS but for conlangs.

Wikibooks - Conlang
: https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Conlang - a collection of helpful articles about conlanging at various levels (beginner, intermediate, advanced). (Recommended for beginners.)
Slovenščina (sl)English (en)Italiano (it)漢語 (zh)Español (es)Suomi (fi)Svenska (sv)日本語 (ja)فارسی (fa)Nešili (hit)
The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.

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Re: Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 11:54

Language construction, grammar, syntax, vocabulary

Language Construction Kit: http://www.zompist.com/kit.html - a "manual" for creating (naturalistic) languages. (Recommended for beginners.)

How to create a language: http://www.angelfire.com/scifi2/nyh/how__all.html - another "manual" for creating languages.

The Zopmist Phrasebook: http://www.zompist.com/phrases.html - a collection of phrases that can come in handy when creating vocabulary and everyday phrases.

Fiat Lingua: A Conlanger's Thesaurus (pdf): http://fiatlingua.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/fl-000024-00.pdf - a thesaurus that can help you build your conlang's vocabulary.

Grammar Constructs: http://www.unilang.org/ulrview.php?res=507 - a collection of various phrases to test your conlang's grammar.

Test Your Syntax (archived): http://web.archive.org/web/20130603121930/http://fiziwig.com/conlang/syntax_tests.html - a collection of sentences and phrases to test your conlang's syntax and its flexibility.
Slovenščina (sl)English (en)Italiano (it)漢語 (zh)Español (es)Suomi (fi)Svenska (sv)日本語 (ja)فارسی (fa)Nešili (hit)
The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.

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Re: Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 11:55

Wikis, dictionaries and related software

Linguifex: http://www.linguifex.com/index.php?title=Main_Page - a new, Wikipedia-style wiki for conlangs.

Conlang Wikia: http://conlang.wikia.com/wiki/Portal:Main - a wikia for conlangs.

FrathWiki: http://www.frathwiki.com/Main_Page - a major wiki for conlangs.

ConWorkshop: http://conworkshop.info/feed.php - an online dictionary for conlangs, includes a forum and many useful tools. (Highly recommended.)

Conlang Translator: http://lingojam.com/ - an online translator for conlangs.

Interlex (software, free): http://www.vocab.co.uk/ - a program for creating dictionaries and learning vocabulary.

Lexique Pro (software, free): http://www.lexiquepro.com/index.htm - a program for creating dictionaries.

Vocabulary Generator: http://zompist.com/gen%20OR%20http://awkwords.za.pl/index.php - an online vocabulary generator.

SIL FieldWorks (software, free): http://fieldworks.sil.org/ - a collection of software tools that help you manage linguistic and cultural data.
Slovenščina (sl)English (en)Italiano (it)漢語 (zh)Español (es)Suomi (fi)Svenska (sv)日本語 (ja)فارسی (fa)Nešili (hit)
The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.

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Ashucky
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Re: Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 11:56

Font software, keyboard layouts

FontStruct: http://fontstruct.com/ - an online tool for creating fonts.

FontForge (software, free): http://fontforge.org/ - an editor for creating fonts.

GNU Font Editor (for Linux, free): http://www.gnu.org/software/gfe/ - a tool for creating fonts.

FontCreator (software, free trial): http://www.high-logic.com/font-editor/fontcreator.html - a very useful font creator, probably the best on the market.

Glyph: http://glyphrstudio.com/ - another online tool for creating fonts.

Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator (software, free): http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/goglobal/bb964665.aspx - an easy keyboard layout creator that allows you to create your own custom keyboard layouts.

Grapheion: http://lingweenie.org/conlang/grapheion/ - a tool for evolving collections of symbols.
Slovenščina (sl)English (en)Italiano (it)漢語 (zh)Español (es)Suomi (fi)Svenska (sv)日本語 (ja)فارسی (fa)Nešili (hit)
The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.

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Ashucky
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Re: Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 11:57

IPA, X-SAMPA, phonology, sound changes

International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet - a Wikipedia article on the IPA; scroll down to chapter 5: Letters for symbols and audio recordings. (Highly recommended for beginners.)

Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-SAMPA - a Wikipedia article on X-SAMPA. (Recommended for beginners.)

IPA Chart: http://westonruter.github.io/ipa-chart/keyboard/ - a clickable IPA chart that allows you to type in the IPA.

IPA Chart (with audio): http://web.uvic.ca/ling/resources/ipa/charts/IPAlab/IPAlab.htm - a clickable IPA chart with sound recordings.

Index of sounds: http://www.phonetics.ucla.edu/index/sounds.html - an index of the IPA sounds.

IPA Chart (with audio and video): http://ipa.group.shef.ac.uk/symbols.php - a collection of both audio and video clips that show the pronunciation of sounds.

IPA-SAMPA Chart: http://www.3centsoap.com/sampa.gif - a chart with both IPA and X-SAMPA symbols next to each other.

IPA-SAMPA Conversion Tools: http://aveneca.com/xipa.html or http://conworkshop.info/ipa.php - online tools for converting between IPA and X-SAMPA.

A Survey of some Vowel Systems: http://gesc19764.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/vowels/vowel_systems.html - a page with examples of frequent vowel system around the world.

Geoff's Collection of Sound Changes (archived): http://web.archive.org/web/20120123184109/http://jc.tech-galaxy.com/bricka/sound_changes.html - a collection of the more common types of sound-change.

Correspondence Library: http://www.kneequickie.com/archive/The_Correspondence_Library - a compilation of sound changes and cognates for a wide variety of languages.

Index Diachronica (pdf): https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/17784007/Index.pdf - essentially the same as the Correspondence Library above but in the pdf format.
Slovenščina (sl)English (en)Italiano (it)漢語 (zh)Español (es)Suomi (fi)Svenska (sv)日本語 (ja)فارسی (fa)Nešili (hit)
The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.

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Ashucky
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Re: Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 11:58

Conworlding

Conworlds: http://conworlds.com/cwbb/index.php - a forum for conworlders.

Constructed Worlds Wiki: http://conworld.wikia.com/wiki/Welcome_to_Conworlds - a wiki for conworlds.

Greenfish Relief Map Generator (software, free): http://www.snapfiles.com/get/gfreliefmap.html - a simple map generator.

Campaign Cartographer 3 (software, tree demo): https://secure.profantasy.com/default.asp - a powerful map generator. There site includes other conworlding tools, such as Dungeon Designer, City Designer, Fractal Terrains, and Cosmographer.

Terragen 3 (software, limited free edition): http://planetside.co.uk/products/terragen3 - a powerful and fully customisable terrain generator.

Fractal World Generator: http://donjon.bin.sh/world/ - an online world generator.

Cartographers' Guild: http://www.cartographersguild.com/content/ a forum created by and for map makers and aficionado, with many useful map tutorials available.

ORBIS: http://orbis.stanford.edu/ - a geospatial network model of the Roman world. Useful for desciding how much time travelling takes in a pre-modern world and such.

Atlas of True Names: http://www.kalimedia.com/Atlas_of_True_Names.html - a collection of maps with the etymologies of many placenames around the world.
Slovenščina (sl)English (en)Italiano (it)漢語 (zh)Español (es)Suomi (fi)Svenska (sv)日本語 (ja)فارسی (fa)Nešili (hit)
The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.

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Ashucky
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Joined: 2010-11-09, 18:35
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Re: Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 11:59

Slovenščina (sl)English (en)Italiano (it)漢語 (zh)Español (es)Suomi (fi)Svenska (sv)日本語 (ja)فارسی (fa)Nešili (hit)
The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.

User avatar
Ashucky
Global Moderator
Posts: 1697
Joined: 2010-11-09, 18:35
Real Name: Andrej
Gender: male
Location: Ljubljana
Country: SI Slovenia (Slovenija)
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Re: Useful Resources

Postby Ashucky » 2014-09-17, 12:00

Miscellaneous (other sites, useful tools, etc.)

Conlang Code Registry
: http://www.kreativekorp.com/clcr/index.php - a website where you can register your conlang(s) and obtain an ISO-639-3 language code.

Word Numbers: http://www.zompist.com/numbers.shtml- a collection of numbers from various languages, including conlangs.

Glossing rules: http://www.eva.mpg.de/lingua/resources/glossing-rules.php - the rules for glossing any language, natural or constructed. (Highly recommended for beginners.)

Conlang translations: https://sites.google.com/site/conlangtranslations/home - a site with a growing collection of songs translated to conlangs.

Constructed Languages: http://conlang.linguifex.com/ - a blog about conlangs.

Artificial Language Lab
(archived): http://web.archive.org/web/20120716230154/http://www.rickharrison.com/language/index.html - a website for studying and discussions about constructed languages.

Broken Translation Game: http://btg2.info/ - an online translation game in conlangs.

Letter Frequency Analyzer: http://www.characterfrequencyanalyzer.com/english/index.php

Thesaurus of Chinese characters: http://gotcharacters.com/radical-view
Slovenščina (sl)English (en)Italiano (it)漢語 (zh)Español (es)Suomi (fi)Svenska (sv)日本語 (ja)فارسی (fa)Nešili (hit)
The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
Največji sovražnik znanja ni nevednost, marveč iluzija znanja.


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