The auxlang I'm currently working on. Its name comes from ard (Earth) and lang (language).
It follows the principle "one letter, one sound" with just very few exceptions due to euphonia. Some letters can be read in two different ways to make pronounciation easier (for example, a French or a Russian speaker could read j as /ʒ/ while an English or a Hindi speaker could read it as /ʤ/).
Since I need to organize my ideas, any suggestion is welcome. I especially need some help about borrowing from Asiatic languages.
Phonology and alphabet
The stress is always on the penultimate syllable. Double letters are not allowed, so "syllable" becomes silab.
c /ʦ/ or /ʣ/
h /h/ or /x/
j /ʒ/ or /ʤ/
r /r/ or /ɹ/
- th /θ/ or /ð/ (used very rarely)
- ng /ŋ/ (only when at the end of a word)
- When ao and eo are in the last syllable or in a monosyllabic word, o is a normal vowel (for example, kakao (cocoa) has the second a stressed). Otherwise, o becomes a semivowel (for example, aoman (arrogant) has the first a stressed).
- The final "e" can be mute, without changing the stress. This is used to make the pronounciation of some words more natural, like xarade (charade) or algoritme (algorhythm).
I don't follow a specifical set of rules, but I prefer words to be short and common. If I find an interesting word in a less common language (like Basque or Armenian), sometimes I prefer it. The main sources (lesser sources are in brackets), geographically categorized, are:
Europe: English (Irish), Italian, French, Spanish (Portuguese, Basque), German (Dutch), Russian (Belarusian, Ukrainian, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Armenian), Latin, Greek (Albanian), Proto Indo-European.
Asia: Mandarin, Japanese, Korean, Turkish, Indonesian, Hindi-Urdu (Sanskrit), Persian.
Africa: Arabic, Swahili
There is no plural form. If a noun is plural, it can be inferred from the context. If necessary, the determinative article al has the alternative form el to indicate the plural. The indeterminative article is un.
There is also no difference between noun, adjective and verb.
Many nouns of people and animals may form a masculine or a feminine form by adding the suffix -o or -a. Ex: raj (regnant) -> rajo (king), raja (queen)
All verbs are regular and their conjugation is mainly isolating. If necessary, the particles and the verb can be linked with a hyphen.
Ex: pad (to fall)
Past: pa pad
Future: fu pad
Immediate future: va pad
Present conditional: ud pad
Past conditional: ud pa pad
Future conditional (hypothetical): ud fu pad
Present participle: padint
Past participle: ge pad
EDIT: Earth is no more translated as "arda", but as "ard".
Last edited by Fox Saint-Just
on 2013-04-23, 14:08, edited 1 time in total.
Native: [flag=]it[/flag] [flag=]egl[/flag] B2: [flag=]en[/flag] Intermediate: [flag=]de[/flag] [flag=]fr[/flag] Curious about: [flag=]ru[/flag] [flag=]hy[/flag] [flag=]eu[/flag] [flag=]nah[/flag] [flag=]ga[/flag] [flag=]sr[/flag]
[flag=]art[/flag] Currently developing Ardlang: http://www.unilang.org/viewtopic.php?f=85&t=40076