Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

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Massimiliano B
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Re: Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

Postby Massimiliano B » 2022-08-29, 14:45

Relative clause

The relative clause is formed by using the circumfix instead of a relative pronoun:

Pinnip (man) sauluas (book) pinunaanunip (man-sell-man)
yasay (my) kuluk (friend) piip (is) = The man who sells books is my friend.

But I don't exactly know if this construction may function as a relative clause!

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Massimiliano B
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Re: Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

Postby Massimiliano B » 2022-08-30, 20:41

Adjectives follow nouns. In this case, their meaning is either definite or indefinite. They can also appear as circumfixes, and their meaning is indefinite:

Pinnip čaač (man tall) = a tall man / the tall man
Čapinnipač (= ča-pinnip-ač - tall-man-tall) = a tall man.
Pinnip čaač piip = The man is tall / A man is tall.
Čapinnipač piip = It is a tall man.

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Massimiliano B
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Re: Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

Postby Massimiliano B » 2022-09-01, 23:40

Personal pronouns and their cumfixed forms:

asa, as-sa = I
öbbö, öbb-bbö (with words in vowels), öb-bö with words in consonants) = you
kuk, ku-uk = he / she / it
pallap, pall-llap (with words in vowels) / pal-lap (with words in consonants) = we
ükü, ük-kü = you all
yoppoy, yopp-ppoy (with vowels) / yop-poy (with consonants) = they


Conjugation of verbs with circumfixed pronouns:

(Okatako = to sleep)
Asokatakosa = I sleep
Öbbokatakobbö = you sleep
Kuokatakouk = he, she sleep
Pallokatakollap = we sleep
Ükokatakokü = you all sleep
Yoppokatakoppoy = they sleep

(Miččim = to speak)
Asmiččimsa = I speak
Öbmiččimbö = you speak
Kumiččimuk = he / she / it speaks
Palmiččimlap = we speaks
Ükmiččimkü = you all speak
Yopmiččimpoy = they speak

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Massimiliano B
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Re: Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

Postby Massimiliano B » 2022-09-02, 15:02

The negation of the verb is done by putting čuč to the verb:

Čuč asmiččimsa (Not -I-speak-I) = I don't speak

There is also the negative circumfix č-č:

Časmiččimsač = I don't speak

If the conjugation does not include nominal circumfixes,
but only subject personal pronouns, čuč is then inserted between the subject personal pronoun and the verb:

Asa čuč miččim (I not speak) = I don't speak.


Personal object pronouns go after subject pronouns:
Asa okukto čuč wapaw (I it not know) = I don't know it



Circumfixed object personal pronouns:

Otasato, otas-sato
Otöbböto, otöbb-bböto / otöb-böto
Otkukto, otku-ukto
Otpallapto, otpall-llapto / otpal-lapto
Otkükto, otkü-ükto
Otyoppoyto, otyopp-ppoyto / otyop-poyto

The order of the circumfixes is this:
Subject-object-verb-object-subject

Asotkunibbinuktosa (as-otku-nibbin-ukto-sa) = I see him/her/it
Kuotasnibbinsatouk (Ku-otas-nibbin-sato-uk) = He/she/it sees me
Last edited by Massimiliano B on 2022-10-05, 23:11, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

Postby Massimiliano B » 2022-09-03, 13:25

Asotkunibbinuktosa (as-otku-nibbin-ukto-sa) = I see him/her/it.
Kuotasnibbinsatouk (Ku-otas-nibbin-sato-uk) = He/she/it sees me.

These sentences convey the sense of repetitiveness or habitual action, while the following ones "Asa otkukto nibbin" (I am seeing him/her/it) and "Kuk otasato nibbin" (He/she/it is seeing me) reflect the ongoing aspect if the action.
But in everyday speech the long chain of morphemes of the first examples ar avoided by using adverbial expressions like "everyday", "always", "usually":

"Ullu konnok asa otkukto nibbin" (Every day I him/her/it see) = I see him/her/it every day

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Re: Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

Postby Massimiliano B » 2022-09-05, 10:41

g / g = it indicate the subject in sentences with the copula verb piip.

G offo g sauluas yaay piip. (subj. this subj. book good is) = This is a good book
G offo sauluas g yaay piip (subj. this book subj. good is) = This book is good.
Last edited by Massimiliano B on 2022-09-06, 16:08, edited 5 times in total.

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Re: Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

Postby Massimiliano B » 2022-09-05, 22:18

ukawaku = hi, hello
şooş = how
oppappo = to feel
kadak = good
Ukawaku, şooş öbbö oppappo? (Hi, how you feel?) = Hi, how are you?
Asa kadak oppappo (I good feel) = I am fine.

fömmöf = morning
çüaüç= afternoon
buffub = evening
nokkon = night
G šapaš g konnok sawiwas piip = Today is a beautiful day.
Konnok yaay! = Day good! (Good morning)
Nokkon yaay! = Night good!

Yoppoy toffot mugum möllöm = They in-this-in city live.

yalay = to cost
skaaks = onion
Offo skaaks billib yalay? = This onion how-much costs?

kik = imperative particle
ömamö = to remain
üllallü = to study
mom = to have to, to must
Öbbö limmil bab akka inooni? = You yesterday where past go?
Asa tikkit akka ömamö, bib üllallü akka mom = I at-home.at past remain, because study past have-to (I stayed at home, because I had to study)

Öbbö kik üllällü! = Study!

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Re: Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

Postby Massimiliano B » 2022-09-10, 12:39

Adpositions are expressed by circumfixes only. Here is a list of adpositions in Palindrian:
ay-ya = with (= in the company of)
if-fi = for (benefactive)
fi-if = against (malefactive)
ko-ok = of
la-al = before
al-la = after
pü-üp = from (motion from a place)
s-s = to (motion to a place)
t-t = in, at
um-mu = on, above
mu-um = under
ya-ay = without

Examples:

Asa tüllöllüt (t-üllöllü-t) niffin möllöm (I in-city-in small live) = I live in a small city.

Yoppoy laasaal (la-asa-al) akka oniino (they before-I-before past come) = They came before me.

G Magogam g noyon koŠitišok piip (Subj. Magogam subj. capital of-Šitiš-of is) = Magogam is the capital of Šitiš

Kuk offo iföbböfi mim (He/she this do for-you-for) = He/she does this for you.

PüMagogamüp sGattags polulop öttö poop (from-Magogam-from to-Gattag-to 10000 step there-are) = From Magogam to Gattag there are 10000 steps (about 10 km)

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Re: Palindrian language (Palinnilap) - a palindrome conlang

Postby Massimiliano B » 2022-10-20, 9:47

In Palindrian, perfect words are distinguished from imperfect words: the former are the odd-numbered palindromes; the latter are the even-numbered palindromes. The reason for this distinction lies in the fact that odd-numbered palindromes consist of two palindromic words, joined by a "keystone," which may be a consonant or a vowel, which is therefore not part of the two palindromic words, but intervenes from the outside to determine the union of the two words. The imperfect words are composed of two elements which, however, stand together without a perfect union, but are simply juxtaposed to each other. Their union is unstable, since there is no external element that intervenes to end their mutual difference and opposition.

Examples:
mugum (city) is perfect, because the two parts mu- and -um are held together by a third element, which resolves their opposition, thus enabling the harmony of the opposite terms.
möllöm (to live), on the other hand, is imperfect, because it is composed of the two elements möl- and -löm, without an external element that intervenes to ensure their union.


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