Verbs NOT ending in-na

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hindiuser
Posts: 3
Joined: 2019-09-15, 8:04
Real Name: Neel

Verbs NOT ending in-na

Postby hindiuser » 2019-09-15, 8:06

Khana, peena, and other verbs end in -na. Are there any Hindi verbs that do not end in -na? Thanks!

Ber
Posts: 14
Joined: 2015-12-21, 21:42

Re: Verbs NOT ending in-na

Postby Ber » 2019-09-16, 22:09

No. All verbs end in -na.

hindiuser
Posts: 3
Joined: 2019-09-15, 8:04
Real Name: Neel

Re: Verbs NOT ending in-na

Postby hindiuser » 2019-09-16, 23:02

Ber wrote:No. All verbs end in -na.

Which is very surprising, considering that Hindi has so much of its vocabulary from Arabic and Farsi.

Linguaphile
Posts: 2386
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Verbs NOT ending in-na

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-09-17, 0:21

hindiuser wrote:
Ber wrote:No. All verbs end in -na.

Which is very surprising, considering that Hindi has so much of its vocabulary from Arabic and Farsi.

Your question is a bit like asking "does English have any verbs that don't start with the word 'to'?" (to walk, to run, to speak, to go, to be....) And the answer is the same: no, it doesn't. It's just part of what makes it a verb. When a language borrows vocabulary from another language, it doesn't borrow the word exactly as it was in the original language, but modifies it to fit its own grammar and phonology (etc).
So it's not really surprising that all verbs end in -na in Hindi, because -na (-ना) is part of the infinitive form of verbs in Hindi, just like "to" is part of the infinitive form of verbs in English.
-ना will be added to any verb, even if the verb comes from Arabic or Farsi.

For example:
बदलना (badalnā, "to change") is originally from Arabic بدل (badala). The -ना was added to the Arabic-origin word, because it is a Hindi verb. So in Hindi it has an Arabic etymology (बदल- from بدل) but it also conforms to Hindi grammar (which requires -ना at the end of infinitives).

hindiuser
Posts: 3
Joined: 2019-09-15, 8:04
Real Name: Neel

Re: Verbs NOT ending in-na

Postby hindiuser » 2019-09-18, 10:05

Very well explained. Thank you!


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