księżyc - Latina

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księżycowy
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księżyc - Latina

Postby księżycowy » 2011-08-12, 0:22

Ok, so most of my questions for now are not going to be about Latin as I'm starting of with Ancient Greek, but I figure this would be a bit more logical (to me anyway) choice to start this thread then the Modern Greek forum. A few of the Greekophiles hang out here. (Yes, I'm mostly looking at you Bernard, and KingHarvest. Not that anyone else can't help. :P)

Plus I am going to work on some Latin soon, so I'll just use this thread for both. :wink:


For starters, a simple vocabulary question for Greek.
What's the meaning of ἆρα?
I'm guessing it's a question particle, but my textbook doesn't make it clear.
(Excuse the accents, it's that damn Microsoft IME! :evil: It's suppose to be the circumflex with the smooth (?) breathing mark)
Last edited by księżycowy on 2014-07-18, 20:39, edited 2 times in total.

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Bernard
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Re: Ksiezy - Questions (Greek/Latin)

Postby Bernard » 2011-08-12, 8:29

Hi, Kksiężycowy!
First of all, the Greek-English lexicon of Liddell-Scott-Jones (LSJ) is the most precise and comprehensive one of the world: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aalphabetic+letter%3D*a
Now to your question. There are three αρα in the Greek language, (1) the interrogative particle ἆρα, (2) the enclitic conjunction ἄρα and (3) the substantive ἀρά.
(1) The interrogative particle ἆρα “simply marks the question the nature of which is determined by the context” (L&S s. v. ἆρα), cf. Latin -ne.
ἆρ᾿ οὐ] implies an affirmative answer, the answer being “yes”, cf. Latin nonne?
ἆρα μή] implies a negative answer, the answer being “no”, cf. Latin num?
(2) The enclitic conjunction ἄρα expresses consequence or succession: then, cf. Latin ergo, igitur.
(3) The substantive ἀρά] i. e. prayer, vow, curse.

BTW Rochester N.Y.? Went there in 2006, visited Eastman’s villa: nice place!

:D

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księżycowy
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Re: Ksiezy - Questions (Greek/Latin)

Postby księżycowy » 2011-08-12, 12:45

Thanks Bernard! :D
Looks like I'm looking at the first one right now. My textbook just defined it as '?'. Very descriptive, eh?
I really should bookmark that lexicon.

And yes, Rochester is a pretty cool place. :wink:


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