BENTORNATA DARKROOM!!! Spero tu ti sia divertita e rilassata tanto!!
Ciao Talya!! Welcome!!
Well, as I already said before it's pretty diffcult to start from the very beginning to teach you Italian here... Unilang reources are complete of Italian tables for coniugation of Italian verbs and of some wordlists too... since those are things you have to study by heart I let you alone the dealing with them... but if you have any problem of any kind feel free to ask...
Btw, I started talking about Italian verb tenses and described italian simple present once... Now let's talk about the continuative verb and the participio passato...
English present continuous is translated into italian with the perifrasis verb stare coniugated at the present tense + main verb coniugated at gerund
It reflects almost completely the functions of English present continuous: something that is happenening in the very moment the speaker is talking, something delimited which happens in the very period of time you're talking, something delimited which is a background action of another delimited action in present.
Italian participio passato is VERY important!! it's the most used past tense in Italian!! We use it to express every action which developed, was concluded or began in a near past. In Italy we do not consider if the period of time is concluded or not, but only if it's near or remoted!! For example we use it for something that happened one minute ago, and istead we use passato remoto (which roughly corresponds to simple past) for an action that happened within this millenium but at the beginning of it. It is often used also for descriptions of facts happened in the past.
It is constructed almost like present perfect with the exception that we use both avere and essere as auxiliar verbs. The choice depends on the verb itself. Verbs of movement and change or state usually depend on essere, all the other on avere. This is the conctruction:
Essere or avere coniugated at present tense + main verb at participio
I thought it was useful to regularly writing such descriptions of verb tenses and modes and so on... even if nobody ever asked me, or told me if it's really useful or well done... could you please give me a clue and tell me if you really need it and it's useful or you want me to do it in another way, or something else...