Sardo

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Homine.Sardu
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Re: Sardo

Postby Homine.Sardu » 2018-04-23, 14:50

HOW THE VERBS WORK IN SARDINIAN LANGUAGE

The auxiliary "To Have" : Hàere

Good morning again :

As you can see the auxiliary "Hàere" has lost a B from the Latin "Habere"; while in indicative present the entire syllable BE was lost. Another peculiar thing is the accent on the first syllable, while in all the other romance languages the accent falls on the second syllable, like Italian "Avere"

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Saludos! Nos intendimus a sa prossima puntada de : Comente funzionan sos verbos in limba Sarda!
Last edited by Homine.Sardu on 2018-06-16, 8:20, edited 1 time in total.

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Homine.Sardu
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Re: Sardo

Postby Homine.Sardu » 2018-06-06, 8:42

HOW THE VERBS WORK IN SARDINIAN LANGUAGE

Good morning again :

In the previous posts I talked about the auxiliaries, this time we'll see how the other conjugations work.
Unlike Italian where there are only 3 conjugations, in Sardinian the conjugations remained 4 like in Latin, but there have been changes during the evolution from Latin to Sardinian. Most of the verbs of the Latin 3rd conjugation in Sardinian switched to 2nd conjugation, also acquiring its suffixes. While only an handful of verbs remained in 3rd conjugation (I can remember only verbs like "Permittere, Promittere, Dimittere, Ammittere, Trasmittere" and similar).

Conjugation suffixes :
Latin : fūro, fūras, furavi, furatum, fūrāre
Sardinian : furo, fùras, furaìa, furadu, furare



1st Conjugation : Furare (to steal)


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Saludos! Nos intendimus a sa prossima puntada de : Comente funzionan sos verbos in limba Sarda!
Last edited by Homine.Sardu on 2018-06-19, 21:05, edited 3 times in total.

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Homine.Sardu
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Re: Sardo

Postby Homine.Sardu » 2018-06-15, 13:30

HOW THE VERBS WORK IN SARDINIAN LANGUAGE

Good afternoon

Today we'll talk about the 2nd conjugation. Sardinian 2nd conjugation is very regular and remained very similar to Latin 2nd conjugation; the peculiarity of Sardinian 2nd conjugation is that includes not only the Latin verbs of 2nd conjugation, but also the near totality of those in origin belonging the 3rd. During the evolution from Latin to Sardinian most of the verbs of the 3rd switched to the 2nd, also acquiring the suffixes typical of the 2nd. While just an handful of verbs remained in the Sardinian 3rd conjugation.

Conjugation paradigm:
Latin : tondĕo, tondes, totondi, tonsum, tondēre
Sardinian : tundo, tundes, tundìa, tusu, tùndere


2nd Conjugation : Tùndere (to cut the hair, to shave)


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Saludos! Nos intendimus a sa prossima puntada de : Comente funzionan sos verbos in limba Sarda!
Last edited by Homine.Sardu on 2018-06-19, 21:03, edited 3 times in total.

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Re: Sardo

Postby Homine.Sardu » 2018-06-19, 8:36

HOW THE VERBS WORK IN SARDINIAN LANGUAGE

Good morning

Today we'll talk about the 3rd conjugation. Sardinian 3rd conjugation is just a shadow of the former Latin 3rd conjugation, since the near totality of the verbs in origin belonging the 3rd, during the evolution from Latin to Sardinian have switched to the 2nd, also acquiring the suffixes typical of the 2nd. While just an handful of verbs remained in the Sardinian 3rd conjugation. In actual 3rd conjugation I can remember only verbs like "Permittere, Promittere, Dimittere, Ammittere, Trasmittere" and similar.



Conjugation paradigm:
Latin : prōmitto, prōmittis, promisi, promissum, prōmittĕre
Sardinian : promitto, promittis, promittìa, promissu, promittere


3rd Conjugation : Promittere (to promise)


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Saludos! Nos intendimus a sa prossima puntada de : Comente funzionan sos verbos in limba Sarda!
Last edited by Homine.Sardu on 2018-06-19, 21:06, edited 3 times in total.

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Bernard
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Re: Sardo

Postby Bernard » 2018-06-19, 9:01

Admiror linguam Sardam artissimis consanguinitatis vinculis coniunctam cum lingua Latina. :D

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Homine.Sardu
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Re: Sardo

Postby Homine.Sardu » 2018-06-20, 8:34

Bernard wrote:Admiror linguam Sardam artissimis consanguinitatis vinculis coniunctam cum lingua Latina. :D


:y:

So de accordu cun tegus, sa limba Sarda est una de sas piùs bellas de su mundu. Ma no est una limba sene problemas, su fattu de essere una limba divisa in duas variedades no ajùat a la pòdere insignare in sas iscolas (attualmente no est insignada in logu per unu). No semus mai resessìdos a nos pònere de accordu de cale variedade Sarda insignare. Su Logudoresu/Nugoresu (su Sardu meu) faeddadu in su centru-nord de s'isula est cussu piùs cunservativu, praticamente identicu a su Sardu medioevale e simile a su Latinu vulgare; invece su Campidanesu faeddadu in s'ala meridionale est cussu qui s'est distaccadu de piùs dae sa limba medioevale, tantu de resultare quasi incumpensibile a sos de su nord. Si querimus fàghere unu cunfrontu, podimus nàrrere qui sa situazione est simile a cussa de su Castiglianu e de su Portuguesu; qui sun parentes, nàschidos dae una limba comune, ma no sun piùs sa matessi limba. In Sardigna hamus una situazione simile, a un'ala b'est su Logudoresu/Nugoresu, qui est sa matessi limba, cun pagas differentzias in fattu de pronuntzias; a s'àter'ala b'est su Campidanesu, qui sonat que un'àtera limba, cun 'nd'una fonetica simile a su Portuguesu, cun pronuntzias nasales, vocales abertas o serradas, e cun bona parte de su vocabulariu differente dae cussu de su Logudoresu.
Su guvernu regionale in passadu hat proadu a criare una limba unificada, e hat incomintzadu a la impittare in sos attos amministrativos, cun su resultadu qui custa limba artificiale est odiada ind'ogni logu de Sardigna; sos Campidanesos la odian ca est troppu "nordica", sos Logudoresos la odian ca est troppu misciada cun su Campidanesu. Sos problemas sun mannos e no est fàtzile a los resolvere, pro como faghimus comente podimus, e la trasmittimus a sos àteros sighende a la faeddare :mrgreen:

Saludos dae Sardigna, a nos intendere chito

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Homine.Sardu
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Re: Sardo

Postby Homine.Sardu » 2018-06-29, 7:41

HOW THE VERBS WORK IN SARDINIAN LANGUAGE

Good morning

Today we'll talk about the 4th conjugation. Sardinian 4th conjugation remained more or less similar to Latin 4th conjugation, there have been no significative modifications during the evolution from Latin to Sardinian.

Conjugation paradigm:
Latin : scĭo, scis, scii, scitum, scīre
Sardinian : isco, ìschis, ischìa, ischìdu, ischìre


4th Conjugation : Ischìre(to know)
(pronounce Iskìre)


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Saludos! Nos intendimus


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