I’m very interested in gradation, but I didn’t mean this.
Sometimes, there are verbs into which comes a particle :
puutuma : -ta- => puudutama
muretsema : -da- => muretsedama
hoolima : -tse- => hoolitsema
armuma : -sta- => armastama
koguma : -ne- =< kogunema
teretama : -vi- => tervitama
jätma : -ka- => jätkama
How does these particles change the meaning of the word ?
The käsiraamat give the particles: http://www.eki.ee/books/ekkr/sm9.html
, unfortunately I don’t understand enough.
In some cases, it’s a way to change a noun/adjective/adverb into a verb, but on the other hand, it could be inserted in a verb. I suppose it changes the meaning of the verb, no ? What are the differences between muretsema and muretsedama, for instance ?
How would you translate kausatiiviliited, faktitiiviliited etc. and simply, what is it ?
kausatiiviliited = causual link ? (help !)
As gradation, I would like to know how it works.
I have to do some research to explain it properly, then I'll give you some examples too.
It’s great, thanks !
Does the inversion between vowel/consonnant belong to gradation too ? (Küünal/küünla, tütar/tütre…)
tallu (ülipikk [l], is it superlong in English?).
Yes ! In english it’s « short // geminate or long // superlong or overlong » (and « brèves // longues // surlongues » for me). Btw there is a new classification. It doesn’t describe the lenght of vowels or consonnants, but the syllables (I‘m looking for desesperately the link