Estonian Numerals

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wandering
Posts: 5
Joined: 2020-04-29, 18:11
Real Name: Jianyang
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Estonian Numerals

Postby wandering » 2020-04-29, 18:16

I'm learning Estonian Numerals now, according a reliable online dictionary, there are sometimes variants of saying a specific number in specific grammar case in Estonian. My question is, from the following list, which seems strange to you if you are native speaker?

the number 123 in Singular Partitive Case (theoretically possible combinations):

    sadat kahtekümmend kolme
    sadat kahtekümmet kolme
    sadat kahtkümmend kolme
    sadat kahtkümmet kolme
    sada kahtekümmend kolme
    sada kahtekümmet kolme
    sada kahtkümmend kolme
    sada kahtkümmet kolme
    ühtesadat kahtekümmend kolme
    ühtesadat kahtekümmet kolme
    ühtesadat kahtkümmend kolme
    ühtesadat kahtkümmet kolme
    ühtesada kahtekümmend kolme
    ühtesada kahtekümmet kolme
    ühtesada kahtkümmend kolme
    ühtesada kahtkümmet kolme
    ühtsadat kahtekümmend kolme
    ühtsadat kahtekümmet kolme
    ühtsadat kahtkümmend kolme
    ühtsadat kahtkümmet kolme
    ühtsada kahtekümmend kolme
    ühtsada kahtekümmet kolme
    ühtsada kahtkümmend kolme
    ühtsada kahtkümmet kolme
Native 🇨🇳, Working lang 🇩🇪🇬🇧, Know little 🇳🇱🇸🇪

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ainurakne
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Joined: 2012-02-16, 22:09
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Country: EE Estonia (Eesti)

Re: Estonian Numerals

Postby ainurakne » 2020-04-30, 13:50

Many of them feel strange at first glance, but when starting to think about them, they all seem okay actually.

I think, in a completely neutral context, I would say:
wandering wrote:sada kahtekümmend kolme

One might probably sometimes also hear me saying "sadat kahtekümmet kolme" or at least "sada kahtekümmet kolme".

This "e" at the end of ühte and kahte, is just for emphasis. Although I think people usually prefer them over üht and kaht because the former are easier to pronounce.

"Üks" is usually not prepended in front of "sada", except for emphasis.
Eesti keel (et) native, English (en) I can manage, Suomi (fi) trying to learn, Pусский (ru)&Deutsch (de) unfortunately, slowly fading away


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