Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

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Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-02-18, 1:53

paeluma fascinate, captivate
pärssima suppress, inhibit
ärgitama induce, instigate
imevalem magic formula
õilis noble, highminded, selfless
rööprähklemine multitasking
linnukene checkmark
tuhud birth pangs

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-02-20, 0:42

kombestik mores, set of customs
mahetalu organic farm
randmepael wristband
südamesoov heart's desire, fondest wish
trehvama to meet by chance, happen upon
usuasi matter of faith
vabakutseline freelance

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-02-22, 3:47

kavaler suitor
kuukulgur moon rover
peika boyfriend
vineer plywood
vinn pimple, zit
vistrik pimple, zit
väärtushinnangud values

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-02-27, 4:41

ajast ja arust outdated, old-fashioned
kilts kilometer (slang)
kivipestud stone-washed
samastuma to identify with

Prantsis
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Location: France

Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Prantsis » 2020-03-05, 1:19

lend school year (group of people who graduate the same year)
tegu batch (of bread, of beer...)

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-03-31, 18:24

It's been a while since I've posted here... time to catch up!

ahelais in chains, in fetters
aidaa go on, go ahead
asutajaliige founding member
eterniit asbestos cement
ja kogu moos and that's it, that's all
kadakasakslik genteel, prim, snobbish; (historical) Germanized Estonian (adj.)
kark crutch
karkudega liikuma ~ karkude najal liikuma to get around on crutches
kasarmulinnak barracks (building or buildings)
kasinus meagerness, austerity, chastity
laia lehte mängima to boast, show pride
laias laastus roughly, broadly, as a ballpark figure
leht nätsu stick of gum, piece of gum (lit. sheet/leaf of gum)
liigkasuvõtja loan shark, usurer
lodevus looseness, slackness
läkitama to send, to dispatch
maardla mineral deposit
museaal museum object
muulane alien
põrandaalune underground (in the sense of 'illegal')
reaktiivmootor jet engine
roojane filthy, unclean
seiklema to seek adventures
seire monitoring
supelvõõras vacationer, visitor or guest at a watering place
takjakinnis velcro fastener
taunima condemn, denounce
taunivalt disapprovingly
tipptund rush hour
tulme new museum acquisitions; accessions
tähelepanukeskpunkt center of attention
tüün still, quiet, calm
tüüne still, quiet, calm
vagadus piety
vermima to mint (i.e., coins)
vohama to proliferate, to be rampant
võhik layperson
võhiklikkusest from ignorance
võõretnograafia ethnographic material from foreign countries
ööd ega mütsi kuulnud haven't heard a thing
üheülbaline monotonous
ühtekuuluvus togetherness

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-04-15, 15:50

haltuurat tegema to do on the side, to moonlight (can also refer to sloppy/shoddy work)
hingehind exorbitant price
jahuma to prattle, gossip, talk to the point of annoyance
järeleandlikkus pliancy, flexibility
karjäärihimuliselt in the interest of seeking a successful career
kolama to loaf around, wander, ramble
kondama to loaf around, wander, ramble
kooserdama to loaf around, dawdle
käil bow of a ship
käilakuju figurehead
laaberdama to loaf around, bum around, live a wild and unproductive life
leivalisaks as additional income
linnulennult as the bird flies (shortest route), from above, from the air
lühinägelikkus short-sightedness
maast madalast from the ground up, from the get-go
protestimeeleavaldus protest demonstration
rüüsteretk looting raid, foray (i.e. Vikings), infestation (i.e. insects or animals)
suuvärk gift of gab, ready tongue
taidlus amateur
vaarema great-grandmother (= vanavanaema)
üksipulgi detailed, elaborate
üksipulgi tundma to know inside and out, to know like the back of one's hand

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-04-21, 3:45

kangialune vaulted passageway, archway
kupsus käima to swim naked, to go skinny-dipping
liivakarjäär sand quarry
liiklusmäärustik traffic regulations (collectively)
purre footbridge; plank or tree trunk across a stream
settekiht sediment layer
untsu minema to go wrong
uuris eroded channel
uuristama to erode, to groove, to hollow out
vaguma to furrow
vagumus valley carved out by a glacier, long narrow valley formed by running water (lit. a furrowing)
ürgorg meltwater valley, urstromtal (lit. primeval valley)

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-05-05, 18:08

katusepilbas shingle
kooskõlastama to coordinate, harmonize
pilpaküla region of light-weight buildings ("shingle-village")
silmapesukauss wash basin ("eye-wash-basin", i.e. the old-fashioned type for face-washing)
raudbetoon ferroconcrete
tänavarentsel street gutter
ummistus clogging, congestion

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-05-13, 21:56

Naava wrote:I was amused by the word kõrvalaine because I read it as kõrva/laine every single time and then I find myself thinking of something like this

The above is quite old, but I was reminded of it because I just misparsed peenramaad as peen+ramaad (presumed to be: "fine/delicate/elegant ramada") rather than peenra+maad which it was meant to be. Never mind that *ramaad isn't even an Estonian word and so therefore neither can peenramaad be one. And never mind that it should have been in its partitive form (*ramaadi) in the context I found it if it were an actual word.
I was ready to happily add the alleged Spanish loanword *ramaad to my Estonian vocabulary and I nearly didn't catch my error, because it was simply mentioned offhand as being behind someone's house where a few kitchen herbs and vegetables were grown, so either meaning made sense - an elegant ramada or a garden plot. It was only the "why is it in the nominative form?" question that made me realize it couldn't be ramaad. (Not that a varjualune would be the best place for growing vegetables in Estonia either, but I was envisioning this ramaad to be some sort of strange greenhouse. A very fine one, too! Perhaps with a roof made of glass?) :rotfl:

peenramaa allotment, plot for a garden
(okstest) varjualune ramada
lenks handbar
koloniaalkauplus a store which sold coffee, tea, spices, rice, etc (items primarily produced in former tropical colonies, but also sold other food items as well; old name for a grocery store)

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-05-25, 4:48

I came across these words which were apparently coined by Edgar Kant in the 1920s or so. They aren't actually used in modern Estonian (all references to them that I could find online explain what most of them mean or, if the meaning is obvious, mention that they were newly-coined or not widely used, with the expectation that the reader won't be familiar with them, even in articles from the 1920s); they didn't really catch on, but I thought they were rather fun words, so I'll post them here. Some sound a bit like joke-words to me, but they were genuinely used in publications in the 1920's and 30's with, apparently, the expectation that they would enter the lexicon à la Johannes Aavik. :mrgreen:

siruk rectangular house
tömbik house that is taller than it is wide
lambik house that is wider than it is tall
tömpruudik square house that is taller than it is wide
lampruudik square house that is wider than it is tall
lambikulogusk poor, falling-apart house that is wider than it is tall
kahasmaja house divided into two apartments
mestimaja house divided into two to four apartments
laumik house divided into four to eight apartments
üürimestik rental house divided into two to four apartments
üürilaumik rental house divided into four to eight apartments
kaksiktubik two-room apartment
eriskaksiktubik two-room apartment consisting of a living room and bedroom
sumbkaksiktubik two-room apartment consisting of two bedrooms
kolmtubik three-room apartment
vastlinn newly-developed section of a city
linnakehis city center of a large city
jugulinn city of between 2000 and 5000 residents
tarulinn city of between 5000 and 20,000 residents

From this you can infer the possibilities of other fun compound words like lampruudikulogusk (poor, falling-down square house that is wider than it is tall), vastjugulinn (newly-developed city of 2000-5000 residents), sirukuüürilaumik (rectangular rental house divided into four to eight apartments) and so on. :mrgreen:

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-06-10, 18:38

ajale jalgu jäänud outmoded, old-fashioned
autostuma to become used to car travel; to become full of cars
bensukas gas station (slang for bensiinijaam, tankla)
koroonalaud novuss table
korvilaud backboard for basketball
kula tag (slang for kullimäng)
kummirõngas rubber band
lampkast cesspool
teopost snail mail
täispuhutav inflatable
vastukarva against the grain
veits a little (slang for veidi)
ülistuslaul hymn

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ainurakne
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby ainurakne » 2020-06-11, 5:23

Linguaphile wrote:kummirõngas rubber band
I would translate rubber band as "kummipael" (although "kummipael" doesn't necessarily have to form a loop). When someone says "kummirõngas" then the first thing that comes to mind is something thick, something shaped like a torus (either made of solid rubber or hollow). I think "kummirõngas" could often also refer to "ujumisrõngas".

Linguaphile wrote:teopost snail mail
I don't think I have ever heard it referred to like this. Usually it's "tigupost".
Eesti keel (et) native, English (en) I can manage, Suomi (fi) trying to learn, Pусский (ru)&Deutsch (de) unfortunately, slowly fading away

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-06-11, 5:45

ainurakne wrote:
Linguaphile wrote:kummirõngas rubber band
I would translate rubber band as "kummipael" (although "kummipael" doesn't necessarily have to form a loop). When someone says "kummirõngas" then the first thing that comes to mind is something thick, something shaped like a torus (either made of solid rubber or hollow). I think "kummirõngas" could often also refer to "ujumisrõngas".

Linguaphile wrote:teopost snail mail
I don't think I have ever heard it referred to like this. Usually it's "tigupost".

Suur aitäh! You know, that actually makes more sense for kummirõngas given the context. Something large, like the size of a rubber tire. EKSS doesn't give a definition (so much for being "seletav!"), but it does give an example that makes your mention of ujumisrõngas quite clear: Ujuma õppija kasutas abivahendina täispuhutavat kummirõngast. And Saagpaak's dictionary says "rubber ring". So yeah, if I'd looked any of those places I would have gotten it, but... for some reason I searched in the online Estonian-English dictionaries and at least two of them unfortunately say "rubber band!" Filosoft and IBS. :noclue: :silly:

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-07-03, 20:53

ebaihaldusväärne undesirable
hetke ajel on the spur of the moment
jälestusjudin shiver of disgust
kiinduma to become fond of; to get attracted to
kõige kõrgem nina top dog (lit. the highest nose)
loll nagu lauajalg dumb as a rock (lit. dumb as a table leg)
maha salgama to disavow
mullukas cream strawberry (type of wild strawberry)
nõudepeatus flag stop, request stop (bus does not automatically stop)
sulnis sweet-natured
suure kella külge panna to bring to light, disclose (lit. to attach to the big bell, put on the side of the big bell)
suurt kella lööma to bring to light, disclose (lit. to hit the big bell)

Prantsis
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Prantsis » 2020-07-28, 10:40

hapukurgihooaeg slow news season

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-08-29, 20:15

kaksainsus duplicity
lennuväsimus jet-lag
hulgiskleroosi multiple sclerosis
linnugripp bird flu
seljakotitaja backpacker
koosviibimine get-together, assembly, gathering
tutvumiskoosviibimine mixer
valmendi simulator, training device
lennuvalmendi flight simulator
ükstapuha all the same
mul on ükstapuha I couldn't care less
arvutipark computer lab; set of computers
makulatuur wastepaper
üle vindi keeratud exaggerated
tüümian thyme
õhuvärskendaja air freshener
lumepuhur snow-blower
laviin avalanche

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ainurakne
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby ainurakne » 2020-08-30, 11:40

Linguaphile wrote:kaksainsus duplicity
Kus sa sellist sõna nägid? Ja mida see üldse tähendada võiks?

Ainus sarnane sõna, mida tean, on "(Püha) Kolmainsus" (Holy Trinity). Ja seegi tundub kunstlikult tekitatud olevat.

Linguaphile wrote:arvutipark computer lab; set of computers
Ma küll ei ole seda sõna kunagi arvutilabori tähenduses kuulnud. Pigem ikka kõik arvutid kokku, mis kellelegi kuuluvad (või on kellegi valduses) - näiteks mõnele firmale või organisatsioonile. Sarnased sõnad on näiteks "sõidukipark" ja "lennukipark".

Küll aga näib nendest erinevat sõna "serveripark", mis pigem tähendabki samas füüsilises asukohas koos paiknevaid servereid.
Eesti keel (et) native, English (en) I can manage, Suomi (fi) trying to learn, Pусский (ru)&Deutsch (de) unfortunately, slowly fading away

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-08-30, 14:17

ainurakne wrote:
Linguaphile wrote:kaksainsus duplicity
Kus sa sellist sõna nägid? Ja mida see üldse tähendada võiks?

Ainus sarnane sõna, mida tean, on "(Püha) Kolmainsus" (Holy Trinity). Ja seegi tundub kunstlikult tekitatud olevat.

Ma ei mäleta täpselt, kus ma seda nägin. Märkmikus kirjutasin ainult, et "kolmainsuse" on sõna "kolmainsus" omastav vorm ja tähendab "duplicity". Või pigem "duality"? Probleem on see, et ma ei ole nii kaua aega oma märkmikust sõnu siia pannud. Leidsin mõned neist nädalad tagasi. Ei mäleta enam, kust nad on.

ainurakne wrote:
Linguaphile wrote:arvutipark computer lab; set of computers
Ma küll ei ole seda sõna kunagi arvutilabori tähenduses kuulnud. Pigem ikka kõik arvutid kokku, mis kellelegi kuuluvad (või on kellegi valduses) - näiteks mõnele firmale või organisatsioonile. Sarnased sõnad on näiteks "sõidukipark" ja "lennukipark".

Küll aga näib nendest erinevat sõna "serveripark", mis pigem tähendabki samas füüsilises asukohas koos paiknevaid servereid.

Aitäh. Sõna "arvutilabor" juba teadsin küll. Ausalt öeldes ma ei saanud sõnast "arvutipark" täpselt aru. Seda tähendust, et "kõik arvutid kokku, mis kellelegi kuuluvad" ehk "mingi asutuse v. organisatsiooni arvutid kokku", ma ei tea inglise keelde tõlkida. Ja Google'i piltidel "arvutipargi" otsingu jaoks paistab koolide arvutilaboreid olevat (aga jah, ka serveriparke ja muid asju).

Linguaphile
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Re: Sõnad, mida hiljuti õppisid

Postby Linguaphile » 2020-09-06, 15:06

hõreda asustusega aladel in sparsely-populated areas
tiheda asustusega aladel in densely-populated areas
kukalt sügama to scratch one's head, to be bewildered
nagu vanajumala selga taga secure, safe, protected
sinka-vonka zigzag, switchback


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