No problemo! I've got always bunch of errors even in my texts that I write in Estonian, always have to re-read many times to find all the words that I have forgotten and left out (this kind of mistakes are difficult to notice).
I also read your blog again, after a long time - standard Finnish grammar is not very difficult for me, but that colloquial Finnish is just so weird and strange. I am not sure if I ever get a hang on it.
Also some comments, since I had trouble to post them there (into your blog):mennääks
- Haluamme or we want is tahame. Tahaksime is conditional and means 'we would want' / 'we would like to...'
- Soja has only 'j' in it.
- Ooper has no 'a' in it.
- 'Nad sundisid mind seda tegema'. But if you really want to use finished action, then 'Nad sundisid mind seda ära tegema' and maybe even 'Nad sundisid mind see ära teha' is possible, but the safest bet would be then 'Nad sundisid mind, et ma selle ära teeksin'.
- 'Ta kandideerib ülikooli (õppima)' - '-ma' infinitive is also illative, like Finnish third infinitive in the illative case.
- 'Jookse sinna (or sinnapoole) vaatama'; sinna(to there) - seal(there) - sealt(from there); vaatlema means to observe.
& privatives and past passive participlesvigadeta
) - there is also veatu
There is actually some differences between '-ta
' of abessive and '-tu' suffix (although it's difficult to explain, since English doesn't seem to distinguish the meanings that much):
In case of some words, the first one means 'without something
' or 'doesn't have something
' (for example veata
- without a flaw, doesn't have a flaw) and the second one makes a new concept from the word ('veatu
' - flawless, perfect).
But the meaning of other words (mostly verbs, it seems) changes like this:
- olemata - not happened (yet); olematu - non-existent
- kirjutamata - not written, unwritten; kirjutamatu - unwritable
- pesemata - unwahed; pesematu (or maybe even pestamatu) - unwashable
There are also words like:
- lugemata - unread, (uncounted)
- lugematu(loendamatu) - uncountable
- loetamatu - unreadable
Actually verbs seem to follow this rule: '...matu
' = 'mitte ...v
' (for example: teostamatu
= mitte teostatav
there was a mistake above, '...matu
' is correct.
' = 'mitte ...tud
'/'ei ole ...tud
' (for example: teostamata
= mitte teostatud
/ ei ole teostatud
(not accomplished/achieved))Finnish present perfect
exercise on the perfect
- 'Ma olen alati unistanud elust teatris'
- 'Me oleme kõik õlled ära joonud'(we have drunk all the beers, all the bottles/cans are empty now) or 'Me oleme kogu õlle ära joonud'(we have drunk all of the beer) - notice that finished action (achievement) of jooma requires also ära.
- 'Ma avan akna' - it depends on the context, but I think the best translation for it would be 'I will open the window'. 'I am opening the window' requires partitive: 'Ma avan akent'. Same with 'me avame akna'.
- I guess in colloquial language it doesn't matter, but otherwise 'kust kohast' would be better than 'kus kohast'.
- 'Kas sa oled teate jätnud' - genitive.
- 'Ma olen seda märganud' - märkamine is always a process, for some reason.
- 'Ma olen temaga kohtunud' or 'Ma olen teda kohanud'. Same with the negative sentence.
There are two different words of raisk
. One declenates raisk
and is the short form of raiskamine
(for example: ajaraisk
= waste of time), the other declenates raisk
and is used, as you said, for swearing/cursing (another word with the same meaning is raibe
), but its original meaning should be something like 'not very fresh corpse
= an animal who doesn't usually kill, but eats already dead animals).Loss
is most likely a German loan, native (and probably older) words for a castle
are for example linnus
- those two are mostly defensive structures, but, for me, loss
is more like a pompous building for kings and such.
Also, to violate
is not the only meaning of vägistama
is mostly 'millegi vägisi tegemine
' = using force to do or achieve something, doing something forcefully / with (brute) force.
It comes from vägi
, which is like force or strength (either physical or magical) and nowadays also an armed force or an army.
For example, if you are a person who uses brute force to tighten nuts and bolts, then you 'vägistad mutreid ja polte
' - an action that usually causes something to break
Sorry for such a long post
I just love to explain...