Why 3 words for verbs?

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Ji31
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Why 3 words for verbs?

Postby Ji31 » 2006-03-30, 11:11

Hi,
I have a good book - E nagu Eesti and I'm really happy now. But I teach myself and I don' understand the verbs:

armastama - armastada - armastab = to like

Why 3?

Please write why are three, what each of them means (armastab - isn't it he had like?) and when (in which cases) are the themes of each form used?

Thanx a lot to everybody.

PS: I speak finnish, so you can use linguistic dialect :-)

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Mantaz
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Re: Why 3 words for verbs?

Postby Mantaz » 2006-03-30, 11:40

Ji31 wrote:Hi,
I have a good book - E nagu Eesti and I'm really happy now. But I teach myself and I don' understand the verbs:

armastama - armastada - armastab = to like

Why 3?

Please write why are three, what each of them means (armastab - isn't it he had like?) and when (in which cases) are the themes of each form used?

Thanx a lot to everybody.

PS: I speak finnish, so you can use linguistic dialect :-)


It's 3 basic forms with witch you make other forms. They are -ma infinitive, -da infinitive and present tense 3rd person ;) "armastab" means "(s)he loves" and others are used differently in various situations (can't explain it well myself)

Ada H.
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Re: Why 3 words for verbs?

Postby Ada H. » 2006-03-30, 20:40

Mantaz wrote: -ma infinitive, -da infinitive


püüan armastaDA (I try to love)
tahan armastaDA (I want to love)
loodan armastaDA (I hope to love)
saan armastaDA (I can love)
suudan armastaDA (I am able tolove)
võin armastaDA (I may love)
tohin armastaDA (I can love)

hakkan armastaMA (I will love)
lähen armastaMA (I go to love)
tulen armastaMA (I come to love)
jään armastaMA (I will always love)
pean armastaMA (I have to love)

sometimes the two forms are a bit different:

olema – olla (to be)
tegema – teha (to do)
nägema – näha (to see)
minema – minna (to go)
tulema – tulla (to come)
jooma – juua (to drink)
etc.

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Loiks
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Re: Why 3 words for verbs?

Postby Loiks » 2006-04-02, 18:12

Ji31 wrote:
PS: I speak finnish, so you can use linguistic dialect :-)


EE: armastama - armastada - armastab
FI: rakastamaan - rakastaa - rakastaa

Some Finnish dialects have also -pi ending for third person as Estonian has -b. The three forms have to be shown to indicate if there is gradation (FI: astevaihtelu, EE: astmevaheldus). Mind also that Estonian gradation is more difficult than the Finnish one. It involves even vowels and is divided into quality and quantity gradation. It's not always shown in spelling.


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