Middle Chinese /m/ > Southern Min /b/ ?

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do_shahbaz
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Joined: 2020-01-16, 0:45
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Middle Chinese /m/ > Southern Min /b/ ?

Postby do_shahbaz » 2020-08-06, 17:31

/m/ in every other Sinitic languages (including every other Min ones) correspond to /b/ in Southern Min (Hokkien etc.) in many, if not most, of the cases:

(Note: Mandarin / Cantonese / Hokkien)
米 : mi3 / məi5 / bi2
木 : mu4 / muk6 / bok8
馬 : ma3 / ma5 / be2

Preceeding a nasal final, however, /m/ seems to be retained:

麵 = mien4 / min6 / mi7

However...

閩 = min3 / mən5 / bin5
明 = ming2 / ming4 / beng5

Any rule governing such /m/ > /b/ shift?

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