Hoogstwaarschijnlijk wrote:I see. (What I really don't get about a republic is that you have a prime-minister and a president, I can never understand the difference )
It depends on the type of Republic. Italy is a Parliamentary Republic. The prime Minister is the head of the Government, which controls the executive power. The Parliament makes laws. Usually the majority of the Parliament consists of the party of the Government. The Government per se does not have the power to make laws, there are just few exceptions allowed by the Constitution.
The President of the Republic represents the country. He or she is the highest role in the State, controls the health of the Republic, has the veto on certain laws and under certain circumstances (quite limited actually), and more importantly he/she can dissolve the Parliament and announce new elections if circumstances or the Parliament itself require that.
The powers of the President, in ordinary times, are rather limited and his role is especially representative and of moral suasion.
Presidential and semi-presidential Republics work differently.
Hope it is clear even though I have some doubts x-)
Hoogstwaarschijnlijk wrote:A monarchy can of course be democratically be toppled as well, by the way.