Lada wrote:I voted for Eastern Orthodox. I'm baptised since childhood according to the tradition (everyone is baptised around) but I still don't know all (if any) dogmas of Orthodoxy
The three most contentious issues that separate Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy are
(1) the use of the 'filoque' clause (Et in Spiritum Sanctum, Dominum, et vivificantem: qui ex Patre Filioque procedit
'And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, and giver of life, who from the Father and the Son proceeds'), to which the Eastern Orthodox Church objects (Καὶ εἰς τὸ Πνεῦμα τὸ Ἅγιον, τὸ κύριον, τὸ ζωοποιόν, τὸ ἐκ τοῦ Πατρὸς ἐκπορευόμενον
'And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and the giver of life, which from the Father proceeds').
(2) the use of unleavened bread in the Western Church
(3) the issue of primacy of the Patriarchates, wherein the Catholic Church considers the Bishop of Rome (the Pope) to be the first, and most senior of all the bishops, while the Orthodox Church, while accepting his hierarchical primacy, considers him simply a primus inter pares
, a first amongst equals.
There are other smaller disputes such as the issue of the priests' celibacy, baptism practices, etc. but they are not the main factors contributing to the Schism, officially. It should be said that the Catholic Church does not view the majority of the differences as significant enough to constitute a real schism, and considers them simply 'acceptable interpretational deviations' from ecclesiastical norm.