Ciarán12 wrote:The two forms of the word for "what" you are looking at are " なん " and " なに ".
I can't really think of any hard-and-fast rules for this except that " なん " seems to normally precede words with alveolar consonants at the beginning (though I can think of a few counter-examples) and (almost?) always precedes counters of any kind. Also, regarding the phrases you gave above, you should watch out for the politeness level as well, I would probably only say "なに, これ？" in incredulity and it is very informal.
dEhiN wrote: Is なんだ used? Or is it actually なん? Because to my ears it sounds like なんだ.
dEhiN wrote:Also, thanks for the tip about the politness level. I forgot that なに is informal.
Koko wrote:Isn't nani used when it's a pronoun too?
Koko wrote:I also believe it can be nan- with velars? Nanigo-> nango? I could be wrong in this. But if it is possible, would it be colloquial rather than an official allomorpheme?
Koko wrote:What are the verb forms you used? They look very different from the ones I know.
Passive Conjugation Rules
All passive verbs become ru-verbs.
•For ru-verbs: Replace the last 「る」 with 「られる」
•For u-verbs: Change the last character as you would for negative verbs but attach 「れる」 instead of 「ない」.
1.「する」 becomes 「される」
2.「くる」 becomes 「こられる」
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