Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 7: Now read this passage about what Michiko did on Saturday and Sunday and then answer (in English) the questions below:
1. Doyōbi ni doko ni ikimashita ka? (doko = where)
Saturday she went to work.
Daniel wrote:2. Nan de shigoto ni ikimashita ka? (nan de = here: how)
She went by car.
Daniel wrote:3. Daitai nan de ikimasu ka?
Generally she goes by bus.
Daniel wrote:4. Nomiya de nani o nomimashita ka?
She drank wine.
Daniel wrote:5. Beddo de nani o yomimasu ka?
She reads a magazine.
Daniel wrote:6. Dōshite nichiyōbi ni shigoto ni ikimasen deshita ka? (dōshite = why)
Because it's Saturday and she went to the supermarket.
Daniel wrote:7. Doko ni ikimashita ka?
She went to the supermarket.
Daniel wrote:8. Donata ni kakimashita ka? (donata = who)
She wrote to her boyfriend.
Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 9: Join these two sentences together with ga and then translate into English:
1) Watashi wa machimashita. Kare wa kimasen deshita.
Watashi wa machimashita ga kare wa kimasen deshita.
I waited but he didn't come.
Daniel wrote:2) Kinō gakusei wa Furansugo o benkyō shimashita. Kyō daigaku e ikimasen deshita.
Kinō gakusei wa Furansugo o benkyō shimashita ga kyō daigaku e ikimasen deshita.
Yesterday I studied French, but today I didn't go to the university.
Daniel wrote:3) Haha Chūgokugo o hanashimashita. Kakimasen deshita.
Haha wa Chgokugo o hanashimashita ga kakimasen deshita.
My mother spoke Chinese, but she didn't write it.
Daniel wrote:4) Ima hon o yomitai desu. Tomodachi wa yomimasu.
Ima hon o yomitai desu ga tomodachi wa yomimasu.
Now I want to read a book, but my friend reads it.
Daniel wrote:5) Inu wa neko o mimashita. Neko wa inu o mimasen deshita.
Inu wa neko o mimashita ga neko wa inu o mimasen deshita.
The dog say the cat, but the cat didn't see the dog.
Daniel wrote: EXERCISE 10: This exercise is going to be a little bit tricky so please take your time and read carefully before translating into Japanese:
1) You don't sleep at the cinema but you read a magazine and a book.
Anata wa eigakan de nimasen ga zasshi to hon o yomimasu.
Daniel wrote:2) My friend and I watch a film at school.
Watashi no tomodachi to watashi wa gakkō de eiga o mimasu.
Daniel wrote:3) Mother taught at the university and the school.
Haha wa daigaku to gakkō de oshiemasu.
Daniel wrote:4) I didn't go by bus to work but I went with a friend by car.
Watashi wa shigoto e basu de ikimasen deshita ga tomodachi to kuruma de ikimashita.
Daniel wrote:5) I didn't write the letter to my boyfriend but I wrote to you and a friend.
Watashi wa bōifurendo ni tegami o kakimasen deshita ga anata to tomodachi ni kakimashita.
Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 11: All the verbs below are in plain forms, please change them into the -masu forms:
1) Gakusei wa hon o kau.
Daniel wrote:2) Watashi wa eiga o miru.
Daniel wrote:3) Mainichi Chūgokugo o benkyō suru.
Daniel wrote:4) Itsumo sensei wa hanasu.
Daniel wrote:5) Ginkō de tomodachi ni au.
Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 12: The verbs below are all in -masu forms. Can you change them back into the plain forms?
1) Maiban nomiya de bīru o nomimasu.
Daniel wrote:2) Sushi o tabemasu ka?
Daniel wrote:3) Anata no sensei wa daigaku de oshiemasu ka?
Daniel wrote:4) Uchi ni ikimasu.
Daniel wrote:5) Beddo de nemasu.
Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 13: Now try and change these verbs into the plain negative forms:
Daniel wrote:2) kau
Daniel wrote:3) yomu
Daniel wrote:4) kaeru (=to return, come back)
Daniel wrote:5) neru
Daniel wrote:6) iku
Daniel wrote:7) oshieru
Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 14: Translate into Japanese, using the plain forms:
1) You don't sleep at the cinema. You read the magazine.
Anata wa eigakan de nenai. Zasshi o yomu.
Daniel wrote:2) I don't buy books.
Watashi wa hon o kawanai.
Daniel wrote:3) He doesn't write the letter.
Kare wa tegami o kakanai.
Daniel wrote:4) The student isn't going to university today. (kyō - today)
Kyō gakusei wa daigaku ni ikanai.
Daniel wrote:5) I am not a teacher.
Watashi wa sensei ja nai.