Language Course 1

User avatar
ekalin
Posts: 1850
Joined: 2002-06-21, 11:02
Real Name: Eduardo M Kalinowski
Gender: male
Location: Curitiba, PR
Country: BR Brazil (Brasil)
Contact:

Exercises

Postby ekalin » 2003-08-05, 19:23

Here am I, after a long time doing the exercises...

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 7: Now read this passage about what Michiko did on Saturday and Sunday and then answer (in English) the questions below:

1. Doyōbi ni doko ni ikimashita ka? (doko = where)

Saturday she went to work.

Daniel wrote:2. Nan de shigoto ni ikimashita ka? (nan de = here: how)

She went by car.

Daniel wrote:3. Daitai nan de ikimasu ka?

Generally she goes by bus.

Daniel wrote:4. Nomiya de nani o nomimashita ka?

She drank wine.

Daniel wrote:5. Beddo de nani o yomimasu ka?

She reads a magazine.

Daniel wrote:6. Dōshite nichiyōbi ni shigoto ni ikimasen deshita ka? (dōshite = why)

Because it's Saturday and she went to the supermarket.

Daniel wrote:7. Doko ni ikimashita ka?

She went to the supermarket.

Daniel wrote:8. Donata ni kakimashita ka? (donata = who)

She wrote to her boyfriend.

**********

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 9: Join these two sentences together with ga and then translate into English:

1) Watashi wa machimashita. Kare wa kimasen deshita.

Watashi wa machimashita ga kare wa kimasen deshita.
I waited but he didn't come.

Daniel wrote:2) Kinō gakusei wa Furansugo o benkyō shimashita. Kyō daigaku e ikimasen deshita.

Kinō gakusei wa Furansugo o benkyō shimashita ga kyō daigaku e ikimasen deshita.
Yesterday I studied French, but today I didn't go to the university.

Daniel wrote:3) Haha Chūgokugo o hanashimashita. Kakimasen deshita.

Haha wa Chgokugo o hanashimashita ga kakimasen deshita.
My mother spoke Chinese, but she didn't write it.

Daniel wrote:4) Ima hon o yomitai desu. Tomodachi wa yomimasu.

Ima hon o yomitai desu ga tomodachi wa yomimasu.
Now I want to read a book, but my friend reads it.

Daniel wrote:5) Inu wa neko o mimashita. Neko wa inu o mimasen deshita.

Inu wa neko o mimashita ga neko wa inu o mimasen deshita.
The dog say the cat, but the cat didn't see the dog.

***********

Daniel wrote: EXERCISE 10: This exercise is going to be a little bit tricky so please take your time and read carefully before translating into Japanese:

1) You don't sleep at the cinema but you read a magazine and a book.

Anata wa eigakan de nimasen ga zasshi to hon o yomimasu.

Daniel wrote:2) My friend and I watch a film at school.

Watashi no tomodachi to watashi wa gakkō de eiga o mimasu.

Daniel wrote:3) Mother taught at the university and the school.

Haha wa daigaku to gakkō de oshiemasu.

Daniel wrote:4) I didn't go by bus to work but I went with a friend by car.

Watashi wa shigoto e basu de ikimasen deshita ga tomodachi to kuruma de ikimashita.

Daniel wrote:5) I didn't write the letter to my boyfriend but I wrote to you and a friend.

Watashi wa bōifurendo ni tegami o kakimasen deshita ga anata to tomodachi ni kakimashita.

***********

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 11: All the verbs below are in plain forms, please change them into the -masu forms:

1) Gakusei wa hon o kau.

kaimasu

Daniel wrote:2) Watashi wa eiga o miru.

mimasu

Daniel wrote:3) Mainichi Chūgokugo o benkyō suru.

shimasu

Daniel wrote:4) Itsumo sensei wa hanasu.

hanashimasu

Daniel wrote:5) Ginkō de tomodachi ni au.

aimasu

***********

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 12: The verbs below are all in -masu forms. Can you change them back into the plain forms?

1) Maiban nomiya de bīru o nomimasu.

nomu

Daniel wrote:2) Sushi o tabemasu ka?

taberu

Daniel wrote:3) Anata no sensei wa daigaku de oshiemasu ka?

oshieru

Daniel wrote:4) Uchi ni ikimasu.

iku

Daniel wrote:5) Beddo de nemasu.

neru

**********

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 13: Now try and change these verbs into the plain negative forms:

1) kaku

kakanai

Daniel wrote:2) kau

kawanai

Daniel wrote:3) yomu

yomanai

Daniel wrote:4) kaeru (=to return, come back)

kaeranai

Daniel wrote:5) neru

nemai

Daniel wrote:6) iku

ikanai

Daniel wrote:7) oshieru

oshienai

*************

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 14: Translate into Japanese, using the plain forms:

1) You don't sleep at the cinema. You read the magazine.

Anata wa eigakan de nenai. Zasshi o yomu.

Daniel wrote:2) I don't buy books.

Watashi wa hon o kawanai.

Daniel wrote:3) He doesn't write the letter.

Kare wa tegami o kakanai.

Daniel wrote:4) The student isn't going to university today. (kyō - today)

Kyō gakusei wa daigaku ni ikanai.

Daniel wrote:5) I am not a teacher.

Watashi wa sensei ja nai.
This gubblick contains many nosklarkish English flutzpahs, but the overall pluggandisp can be glorked from context. – David Moser

User avatar
ekalin
Posts: 1850
Joined: 2002-06-21, 11:02
Real Name: Eduardo M Kalinowski
Gender: male
Location: Curitiba, PR
Country: BR Brazil (Brasil)
Contact:

Going on

Postby ekalin » 2003-08-08, 20:46

More exercises...

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 15: Now change the present plain forms into the past plain forms:

1) Hon o kau.

katta

Daniel wrote:2) Haha ni hanasu.

hanashita

Daniel wrote:3) Gakkō e iku.

itta

Daniel wrote:4) Tegami o yomu.

yonda

Daniel wrote:5) Neru.

neta

*********

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 16: Translate into English:

1) Doyōbi ni watashi wa shigoto ni itta.

Saturday I went to work.

Daniel wrote:2) Terebi o minakatta.

I didn't watch TV.

Daniel wrote:3) Maiban haha wa beddo de zasshi o yomu.

Every night in bed my mother reads a magazine.

Daniel wrote:4) Watashi wa cha o nomanakatta.

I didn't drink tea.

Daniel wrote:5) Chichi ni tegami o kakanai. (chichi = (my) father)

I don't write a letter to my father.

******

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 17: Now this time, do the same exercise again changing them into the -masu forms to see how well you can remember...


1 - ikimashita
2 - mimasen deshita
3 - yomimasu
4 - nomimasen deshita
5 - kakimasen

********

For this one I'll be writing also the past positive form... I hope you don't mind correcting a little more. ;-)

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 18: Check that you can change the verbs below into negative past plain forms:

1) kaku

kakanakatta - kaita

Daniel wrote:2) oshieru

oshienakatta - oshieta

Daniel wrote:3) kuru

konakatta - kutta

Daniel wrote:4) neru

nenakatta - neta

Daniel wrote:5) da

ja nakatta - datta

Daniel wrote:6) kau

kawanatta - katta

Daniel wrote:7) yomu

yomanatta - yonda

Daniel wrote:8 ) nomu

nomanatta - nonda

Daniel wrote:9) kaeru

kaeranakatta - katta

Daniel wrote:10) hanasu

hanasanakatta - hanashita

*****

Daniel wrote:EXERCISE 19: Translate:

1 ) Watashi wa kinō umi de oyoida.

Yesterday I swam in the ocean.

Daniel wrote:2 ) Ashita tomodachi wa mura e arukanai ga kuruma de iku.

Tomorrow I won't walk to the village; I'll go by car.

Daniel wrote:3 ) Mainichi haha wa hatarakimasu.

Everyday my mother works.

Daniel wrote:4 ) Kare wa zenzen ha o migakanakatta.

He never brushed his teeth. :shock:

Daniel wrote:5 ) Itsumo watashitachi wa disuko de odorimasu.

We always dance at the disco.

Daniel wrote:6 ) Ima watashi wa anata to yakyū o asobitai desu.

I want to play baseball with you now.

Daniel wrote:7 ) Kesa chichi wa hataraita ga haha wa sūpā ni itta.

This morning my father worked but my mother went to the supermarket.

Daniel wrote:8 ) Ashita watashi wa hayaku okinai.

Tomorrow I won't get up early.
This gubblick contains many nosklarkish English flutzpahs, but the overall pluggandisp can be glorked from context. – David Moser

biskofski
Posts: 5
Joined: 2003-09-21, 0:40
Gender: female

new student

Postby biskofski » 2003-09-25, 19:55

Hello, Daniel. Thanks a lot for being a Japanese tutor here. I know the classes began some time ago, but if it's OK with you, I will start with lesson 1.

biskofski
Posts: 5
Joined: 2003-09-21, 0:40
Gender: female

lesson 1

Postby biskofski » 2003-09-25, 20:06

1. anata wa kohi o nimimasu.
2. Inu wa neko o mimasu.
3. Onna no hito wa keki o tabemasu.
4. Kare wa konpyuta o kaimasu.
5. Gaihuseo wa hon o yomimasu.

1. あなた輪子費尾に見ます
②.犬輪猫おみます
③.女の人輪毛気尾たべます
④.彼輪今ぴゅたおかいます
⑤ 害布施おわ本およみます

Rmc

Postby Rmc » 2003-09-26, 2:14

Those are incorrect, Biskofski... good try though, you used a lot of kanji I don't know. Did you use a romaji to kanji translator?

Unfortunately, I cannot type in Japanese on this computer, or I could show you the correct methods of writing these sentences.

biskofski
Posts: 5
Joined: 2003-09-21, 0:40
Gender: female

lesson 2

Postby biskofski » 2003-09-26, 22:54

Thank you for checking my work, Bryan. Are the sentences in romanji incorrect? As for the other sentences, and all I did was write the sentences in romanji and the IMU program did the rest.

Anyway, I'm on to lesson 2.

1. Watachi wa biru o nomimasen.
2.Otoko no hito wa tegami o kakimasen.
3. Gakusei wa terebi o mimasen.
4. Onna no hito wa keki o tabemasu.
5. neko wa imu o nimasen.

More sentences:

1.I read the book - watashi wa hon o yomimasu.
2. I don't read the book - watashi wa hon o yomimasen.
3. You buy a computer. - Anata wa compyuta o kaimasu.
4. He doesn't buy the computer - Kare wa compyuta o kaimasen.
5. The woman isn't a teacher - Onna no hito wa sensei de wa arimasen.

hiro
Posts: 86
Joined: 2003-07-21, 7:00
Real Name: hiro green
Gender: female
Country: JP Japan (日本)

Re: lesson 1

Postby hiro » 2003-09-27, 2:36

biskofski wrote:1. anata wa kohi o nimimasu.
2. Inu wa neko o mimasu.
3. Onna no hito wa keki o tabemasu.
4. Kare wa konpyuta o kaimasu.
5. Gaihuseo wa hon o yomimasu.

1. あなた輪子費尾に見ます
②.犬輪猫おみます
③.女の人輪毛気尾たべます
④.彼輪今ぴゅたおかいます
⑤ 害布施おわ本およみます


Here are correct sentences.

1.あなたはコーヒーを飲みますか。
2.犬は猫を見ます。
3.女の人はケーキを食べます。
4.彼はコンピューターを買います。
5.学生は本をよみます。(gakusei wa hon o yomimasu.)

biskofski
Posts: 5
Joined: 2003-09-21, 0:40
Gender: female

lesson 1

Postby biskofski » 2003-09-30, 0:01

Thank you, Hiro, for correcting my work. I did lesson 1 again the best I could. As you can see, I can't write wa or o. The second line is what you wrote and I tried my best to copy it in the third line. Thanks again for your time and your kindness.

1. anata wa kohi o nimimasu.
1.あなたはコーヒーを飲みますか。
あなた (when I Write wa, I get わ)コヒ (when I write o, I get お)に見ます (that is what I get when I Writenimimasu)

2. Inu wa neko o mimasu.
.犬は猫を見ます。
犬 wa 猫 o 見ます。
  
3. Onna no hito wa keki o tabemasu.
3.女の人はケーキを食べます。
女の人 wa ケキ o 食べます。

4. Kare wa konpyuta o kaimasu.
彼はコンピューターを買います。
彼 wa コンピュタ o買います。

5. Gaihuseo wa hon o yomimasu.
.学生は本をよみます。(gakusei wa hon o yomimasu.)
学生 wa 本 o よみます。

User avatar
Psi-Lord
Posts: 10087
Joined: 2002-08-18, 7:02
Real Name: Marcel Q.
Gender: male
Location: Cândido Mota
Country: BR Brazil (Brasil)
Contact:

Re: lesson 1

Postby Psi-Lord » 2003-09-30, 4:31

biskofski wrote:when I Write wa, I get わ

That's one of the few irregularities of Japanese spelling — even though the topic marker is pronounced 'wa', it's actually spelt 'ha' (は). A similar thing is found in two other particles — 'e', which is spelt 'he' (へ), and 'o', which is spelt 'wo' (を).
português do Brasil (pt-BR)British English (en-GB) galego (gl) português (pt) •• العربية (ar) български (bg) Cymraeg (cy) Deutsch (de)  r n km.t (egy) español rioplatense (es-AR) 日本語 (ja) 한국어 (ko) lingua Latina (la) ••• Esperanto (eo) (grc) français (fr) (hi) magyar (hu) italiano (it) polski (pl) Türkçe (tr) 普通話 (zh-CN)

Saikou
Posts: 5
Joined: 2003-11-02, 15:49
Gender: female

Postby Saikou » 2003-11-02, 16:13

Yoroshiku! Atashi no namae wa Saikou desu. Hajimemashite... I'll be learning here in the future, if that's okay.

User avatar
Strigo
Posts: 4724
Joined: 2002-12-27, 13:16
Real Name: Carlos Reyes Barría
Gender: male
Location: La Florida
Country: CL Chile (Chile)
Contact:

Postby Strigo » 2004-01-22, 1:02

Konbanwa!

Watashi wa Karurosu desu :)

I saw "The last Samurai" (Tom Cruise) at the cinema, and I fell in love with Japanese... so nice!

Do you think I might start my Japanese knowledge from here?
Aquí es donde traduzco diariamente música israelí del hebreo al español

[flag]cl[/flag] native; [flag]en[/flag] fluent; [flag]il[/flag] lower advanced ; [flag]pt-BR[/flag] read fluently, understand well, speak not so badly (specially after some Itaipava); recently focusing on [flag]sv[/flag][flag]ar[/flag] and I promised myself to finish my [flag]ru[/flag] New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners in less than a month (12/oct/2013). Wants to wake up one day speaking [flag]ka[/flag][flag]lt[/flag] and any Turkic language.

User avatar
Varislintu
Posts: 15330
Joined: 2004-02-09, 13:32
Real Name: M.
Gender: female
Location: Helsinki
Country: FI Finland (Suomi)

Postby Varislintu » 2004-02-09, 13:35

I haven't posted any answers here yet, but I've still been participating in these lessons. They're really great, you're good at teaching, Daniel! I appreciate that you started with basic grammar, intead of scaring everybody off with long vocabularies right at the beginning. I think all languages should be taught this way -it's idiotic to confuse students with hundreds of words before they even know how to use them. It's so much more rewarding this other way!

Anyway, as nobody else seems to be posting any answers, I thought I'd have a go. By the way, you haven't corrected ekalin's answers for exercises 15-19. I got the same answers in 16 and 17, so I hope they're correct. But my 18 and 19 were a bit differrent:

EXERCISE 18:

1. kakanakatta
2. oshienakatta
3. konakatta
4. nenakatta
5. ja nakatta
6. kawanakatta
7. yomanakatta
8. nomanakatta
9. kaeranakatta
10. hanasanakatta

EXERCISE 19:

1. I swam in the ocean yesterday.
2. (My) friend does not walk to the village tomorrow, but (he) goes by car.
3. Every day my mother works.
4. He never brushed his teeth.
5. We always dance at the disco.
6. I want to play baseball with you now.
7. My father worked this morning, but my mother went to the supermarket.
8. Tomorrow I won't get up early.

EXERCISE 20:

1. I went to a bar and drank beer.
2. Tomorrow we'll walk to the village and play baseball.
3. Every day he swims in the ocean and eats with his girlfriend in the restorant.

The next one was tricky (what's kara?), so I only understood part of it.
4. The student always... school... returned home and does his homework (?).
5. I get up early every morning and eat breakfast.

EXERCISE 21:

1. Watashi wa eki de kaban to saifu o nakushita.
2. Watashi wa kyoo kissaten de chichi to haha mita ga watashi ni hanasanakatta.
3. Kinoo kare wa tegami o katte yuubinkyooku ni iku.
4. Kare wa kissaten de shimbun o nonde keekii o taberu.
5. Watashi wa umi to yama o mite tori to hitsuji o kiku.

Thanks :D !
Last edited by Varislintu on 2004-02-14, 12:51, edited 1 time in total.

NekonoPaw
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-04-07, 23:49
Gender: female
Location: Cuernavaca, Morelos
Country: MX Mexico (México)

Hey

Postby NekonoPaw » 2004-02-12, 18:06

It's the first time i write here :P , Nice to meet you all if we haven't met b4. I speak japanese and i feel like helping now hehe.
I wanna correct something...
Daniel said that Varislintu's answers were correct on excercise 21. They are very good, but she has 2 mistakes:

3. Kinoo kare wa tegami o katte yuubinkyooku ni iku.
4. Kare wa kissaten de shimbun o nonde keekii o taberu.

In no. 3, she is saying Kinou (yesterday), but her verb ended in present (iku). so it should be "itta".
No. 4 is grammaticaly correct... but the original sentence is also in past tense... so the final verb should be "tabeta".

Ganbatte ne. :wink:
"Straighten out yourself and get your mind on track, Dust off your butt and get your self-respect back, You´ve known me long enough to know that I don´t play, Take it like you want it but you got to keep the faith"

- Michael Jackson -

NekonoPaw
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-04-07, 23:49
Gender: female
Location: Cuernavaca, Morelos
Country: MX Mexico (México)

Postby NekonoPaw » 2004-02-12, 22:52

Great, so from now on, (if you want me to) I will be reading all posts to help you answer doubts or check possible mistakes. So if anyone has a question, I can answer too.
Daniel, you are great. I kinda don't know how to teach or arrange a program for a course like this :P
"Straighten out yourself and get your mind on track, Dust off your butt and get your self-respect back, You´ve known me long enough to know that I don´t play, Take it like you want it but you got to keep the faith"



- Michael Jackson -

BobMaster0
Posts: 111
Joined: 2003-06-13, 3:23
Real Name: Jonathan Brooks
Gender: male
Location: Tuscaloosa, AL
Country: US United States (United States)

Postby BobMaster0 » 2004-02-13, 8:35

I'll provide support too if you would like me to. I'm rather new around here and I'd like to start helping out.

User avatar
Varislintu
Posts: 15330
Joined: 2004-02-09, 13:32
Real Name: M.
Gender: female
Location: Helsinki
Country: FI Finland (Suomi)

Postby Varislintu » 2004-02-14, 12:49

Daniel and NekonoPaw, thanks for your help and corrections! I noticed I wrote "kaka" instead of "kara" back there, luckily you understood anyway :D . I'll edit that so others won't get confused...

I finished another two exercises, but now I'll have to concentrate on repetition for a while. It seems I've begun to forget the content of the earliest lessons (like "kara" -yikes! :oops:).

EXERCISE 22:

1. Hakubutsukan wa omoshiroi (desu).
2. Denwa wa totemo furui (desu).
3. Kono biiru wa atatakai (desu).
4. Sono kuruma wa ookii (desu).
5. Jisho wa takai (desu).

EXERCISE 23:

1. The fish is delicious.
2. The window is new.
3. ??? is cheap.
4. Chinese is very difficult.
5. The village is very far.

I didn't know what teeburu means, so I replaced it with questionmarks. By the way, how does one get that line above the vowel using the keyboard? I couldn't find it on mine... Or do you have to use the "special sign"-funtion in MSWord?

As a sidenote: NekonoPaw, how did you know I'm a she :o ? It's not that I mind, I just started wondering if it shows in my language somehow... :?:

Keep learning, everybody :D !

NekonoPaw
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-04-07, 23:49
Gender: female
Location: Cuernavaca, Morelos
Country: MX Mexico (México)

Postby NekonoPaw » 2004-02-14, 17:07

LOL, I dunno how, but I just knew you were a she :P
Congratulations Varislintu! everything is correct. and... I hadn't noticed the "kaka" thing, glad you fixed it.
by the way, Te-buru (テーブル) is just what it is, Table :wink:
I have no idea how Daniel types that thing over "e". We'll have to wait for his answer.
Ganbatte ne!
"Straighten out yourself and get your mind on track, Dust off your butt and get your self-respect back, You´ve known me long enough to know that I don´t play, Take it like you want it but you got to keep the faith"



- Michael Jackson -

User avatar
Varislintu
Posts: 15330
Joined: 2004-02-09, 13:32
Real Name: M.
Gender: female
Location: Helsinki
Country: FI Finland (Suomi)

Postby Varislintu » 2004-02-17, 18:25

NekonoPaw wrote:LOL, I dunno how, but I just knew you were a she :P


Okay :lol: ! I guess there must be something feminine in my choice of words, then... Funny...

Well, thanks for explaining teeburu, NekonoPaw. It was pretty obvious, wasn't it. But how come there is a jinglistic word for such a simple thing as a table in Japanese? Do not the Japanese have a word of their own for it? Perhaps this has something to do with tables' different hights..?

And Daniel, thanks for shedding light on the mysterious origins of the "top-line" (or whatever it's called). I guess I could pre-wright my posts with MSWord, but just using the "ee"s and "uu"s seems much simpler, so I think I'll stick to that 8) .

Nov
Posts: 45
Joined: 2004-02-18, 19:04
Gender: female

Postby Nov » 2004-02-19, 18:33

こんにちは。 日本語を勉強してる人がいますか?日本語で話しませんか?
ところで、日本人がここにいますか?
(私の間違いを直してくれてくださいね。^^)
konnichi wa. nihongo wo benkyou shiteru hito ga imasu ka? nihongo de hanashimasen ka? tokorode, nihonjinga koko ni imasuka? watashi no machigai wo naoshite kurete kudasai ne.

Is there anybody who wants to practice Japanese conversation?
Besides, do we have any native speakter here...?
Der Wald steht still und schweiget / Und aus den Wiesen steiget / Der weiße Nebel / Wunderbar.
(Matthias Claudius)

BobMaster0
Posts: 111
Joined: 2003-06-13, 3:23
Real Name: Jonathan Brooks
Gender: male
Location: Tuscaloosa, AL
Country: US United States (United States)

Postby BobMaster0 » 2004-02-20, 1:32

僕も日本語で話したいです。ここにおそらく日本人がいないと思います。でも、間違っているかもしれません。
Boku mo nihongo de hanashitai desu. Koko ni osoraku nihonjin ga inai to omoimasu. Demo, machigatteiru kamoshiremasen.


Return to “Japanese (日本語)”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest