How can I know when to use mă,te.. and when to use îmi,iți.?

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daniel201088
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Country: MX Mexico (México)

How can I know when to use mă,te.. and when to use îmi,iți.?

Postby daniel201088 » 2013-07-06, 20:02

Hi !
This situation about the reflexive pronouns confuses me
If I could see a verb written with A SE IMPIEDICA or A-I FI DOR I would know easily how to conjugate them with the reflexive pronouns, but in most cases I only find the verb written like A PLACEA, A JUCA, A DA..

Is there any rule to know when do I have to use dative and when do I have to use nominative ??
Thanks ! :D
I was trying to find a list but it is impossible

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Levike
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Re: How can I know when to use mă,te.. and when to use îmi,iți.?

Postby Levike » 2013-07-06, 20:57

The accusative forms are used when the action affects someone directly.
And the dative forms when it is about someone receiving something.

Usually it's like in Spanish when it comes to the 3rd person singular:
The accusative is lo and la and the dative is le.

I love her = La amo = O iubesc (acusative)
I will kill him = Lo voy a matar = Îl voi ucide (acusative)
I give her a book = Le doy un libro = Îi dau o carte (dative)

So if you don't know whether to use for example te or îți
just translate your sentence into Spanish, put it into 3rd person singular
and if its lo/la then it's likely to be accusative and if it's le then dative.

But the usage of these can sometimes be obscure or even illogical
because Romanian is a highly irregular language like:
I am playing - joc
I like her - îmi place
she likes me - place

If you're not sure about something just ask.
Sper că asta ți-a fost de folos! :D
Nem egy nap alatt épült Buda vára.

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daniel201088
Posts: 77
Joined: 2013-05-29, 19:01
Gender: male
Country: MX Mexico (México)

Re: How can I know when to use mă,te.. and when to use îmi,iți.?

Postby daniel201088 » 2013-07-07, 21:32

:D
Thank you very much for your answer

Now I understand them better ! :yep:
Actually, it works almost the same in spanish, as you said

Mulțumesc foarte mult :D


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