voron wrote:Sună vesel a mea strună, / My string is playing merrily
Why is this "a" here? I guess it's a possessive article but I don't understand why it's needed here.
voron wrote:Dulce-i viaţa! / Sweet life!
What does this "-i" do here? Is it the short form of "el" in dative?
voron wrote:Vreau de bine să vă fie! / I wish that you (both) be well!
I don't quite understand the "de" here. Would it sound bad without it? - Vreau să vă fie bine
Do I understand correctly that "vă" is dative here?
voron wrote:Să trăiesc! / I will live!
I don't know how to translate the subjunctive here better to English.
It's the verb a fi: Dulce este viaţa. There are several short forms for this este: e, îi, -i.
voron wrote:I'll sum up what I've understood for the sake of revision:
Whenever I use a possessive pronoun or a noun in genitive, I should accompany it with a possessive article (which agrees with the possessed object), unless its the (most common) case when the possessed object in the definite form is followed by the possessor.
voron wrote:I also noticed that Riks used -s in another topic: "nu-s sigur". How would you choose between -i and -s? Routledge's grammar doesn't seem to mention the short forms of "a fi" at all.
AdiJapan wrote:Well, -i is short for este, whereas -s is short for sînt (both eu sînt and ei sînt).
voron wrote:I like your explanations better than the book.
AdiJapan wrote:If the preceding word does not end in a vowel, but you still want to use a short form of sînt, you can use îs. It is limited to colloquial speech and it's more frequent in regional varieties (for instance in Banat). Similarly, the form îi exists for -i, but in this case you can also use e, which is just as short.
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