[Serbian] Language Course

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kibo
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Postby kibo » 2005-02-22, 22:57

Hmmmm, I have found a Serbian Grammar Through Exercises book in a bookshop in Belgrade today. If anyone is interested I can buy it and follow the outline they give. If there is some issue with the copyright, I can create new exercises based on those there. Let me know what you think. :)
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Nukalurk
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Postby Nukalurk » 2005-02-23, 0:53

That's a great idea!

And thanks for the explanations! :)

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kibo
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Postby kibo » 2005-02-23, 1:01

Well, ok, I'll buy it tomorrow then. ;)
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby Nukalurk » 2005-02-23, 1:02

I hope it's not too expensive. :?

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kibo
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Postby kibo » 2005-02-23, 1:05

Not more than 5 eur. ;)
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby Nukalurk » 2005-02-23, 1:17

Oh, then it's okay. :)

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kibo
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Postby kibo » 2005-02-26, 17:22

I have the book, I'll try to assemble the lessons ASAP. ;)
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby kibo » 2005-03-13, 17:27

Četvrta Lekcija: Glagol IMATI / Akuzativ
Lesson 4: The verb TO HAVE / The Accusative case

Well, after a small break this course continues. I hope you haven't forgotten what we've done in the previous lessons. But just in case, I'll remind you: we've learnt the present form of the verb biti, how to make the plural forms of nouns and how to make forms of other genders of adjectives. Now it's time to move a bit further and learn another important verb in the serbian language: the verb imati (to have).

Imam - I have
Imaš - You have (sg.)
Ima - He / she / it has
Imamo - We have
Imate - You have (pl.)
Imaju - They have

While we're here, we might as well learn the negative form. ;)

Nemam - I don't have
Nemaš - You don't have (sg.)
Nema - He / she / it doesn't have
Nemamo - We don't have
Nemate - You don't have (pl.)
Nemaju - They don't have

Now in order for you to use this verb with nouns you must know how to form the accusative case. For you who only speak languages that don't have cases, you should know that the accusative is one of the 7 cases Serbian has and it shows that the word (noun, pronoun, adjective) in question is the direct object of the verb, i.e. it is affected by the action of the verb.

For now we will only learn the nominal forms.

Let's start with the nouns that end in -a. We've learned that they can be both masculine and femenine and that in plural they change that -a into an -e (knjiga -> knjige, sudija -> sudije). That is, of course, only the Nominative case. You'll need need 12 more forms (6 in singular and 6 in plural) to know the know the complete declension of a word.

The forming of the accusative for these nouns is very simple: in singular you change that -a into an -u, and in plural the accusative is the same as the nominative (plural) form.

Knjiga je dobra = The book is good (N - sing)
Imam knjigu = I have a book (A - sing)
Knjige su dobre = The books are good (N - pl)
Imam knjige = I have books (A - pl)

Now let's move to the neuter nouns. They end in -o or -e in Nominative singular and change that -o/-e into an -a in Nominative plural. (selo / polje -> sela / polja). Well, guess what.. for these nouns the accusative is the same as nominative. One thing less to learn. :)

Selo je lepo = The village is beautiful (N - sing)
Vidim selo = I see a village (A - sing)
Sela su lepa = The villages are beautiful (N - pl)
Vidim sela = I see villages (A - pl)

Now we come to the masculine nouns that end in a consonant. I've left this for the end, since it's a bit more complicated. For this group of nouns it's important to know their meaning, more specifically whether they are animate (living - people and animals) or inanimate (dead - things, abstract concepts, plants) objects.

We know from the earlier lessons that the Nominative singluar is formed by adding an -i (profesor -> progesori) to Nominative singular. Some nouns get a -ov-/-ev- broadening (grad -> gradovi, put -> putevi), and those nouns that end in k, g, or h change those into c, z, s (vojnik -> vojnici)

Accusative, In singular:
animate objects will get one -a: Vidim profesora (I see the teacher), vidim vuka (I see a wolf)
while inanimate objects will stay the same: Imam prozor (I have a window)

In plural, the -i from the nominative will change into an -e regardless whether it's animate or not. (profesori -> profesore, prozori -> prozore). If the noun has the -ov-/-ev- broadening, it will stay in the accusative plural (gradovi -> gradove), but the k/g/h -> c/z/s alternation will disappear, because we don't have an -i anymore. ;)

I hope you have understood the basic concept of the accusative case, now let's go to the excercises.
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby kibo » 2005-03-13, 17:28

Exercise 4A: Fill in the blanks with the affirmative form of the verb imati.
1. Ja ______
2. Oni ______
3. Mi ______
4. Ana ______
5. Ana i Bojan ______
6. Ti i ja ______
7. Vi ______
8. Ono ______
9. Ti ______
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby kibo » 2005-03-13, 17:30

Exercise 4B: Choose 10 words form this list (or you can use also the words you know already), and make sentences with the meaning "I have ..." or "I don't have ...".

Avion - airplane
Bašta - garden
Bluza - blouse
Cvet - flower (-ov-)
Drug - friend (-ov-)
Flaša - bottle
Grlo - throat
Ispit - exam
Majka - mother
Mantil - coat
Most - bridge (-ov)
Olovka - pencil
Rad - work (-ov-)
Sveska - notebook
Svet - world (-ov-)
Učitelj - teacher
Last edited by kibo on 2005-03-14, 20:09, edited 1 time in total.
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby kibo » 2005-03-13, 17:31

Exercise 4C: Change those sentences from 4B into plural.
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby Guest » 2005-03-13, 17:46

Bugi je cooooool!!!!! :-D

Hm, aren't the exercises in the exercise centre? 8)

Giraffa.

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kibo
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Postby kibo » 2005-03-13, 18:04

Girafffffffffffffa wrote:Hm, aren't the exercises in the exercise centre? 8)


Not for now. I want to see your answers. :P When I create the next lesson, I will put the exercises from this one in the centre. ;) (And that will be done for every further lesson.)
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby kibo » 2005-03-13, 19:35

Just don't forget to post the answers in RED. Please! ;)
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby Giraffa » 2005-03-14, 11:41

Exercise 4A
1. Ja imam.
2. Oni imaju.
3. Mi imamo.
4. Ana ima.
5. Ana i Bojan imaju.
6. Ti i ja imamo.
7. Vi imate.
8. Ono ima.
9. Ti imaš.


Exercise 4BNemam avion.
Nemam baštu.
Imam bluzu.
Imam cvet.
Imam druga.
Imam flašu.
Imam grlo.
Imam ispit.
Imam majku.
Imam mantil.
Nemam most.
Imam olovku.l
Oooh... Imam rad!
Imam reč. :-P
Nemam svesku.


Oooh, nemam more time... :( Imam rad...
Last edited by Giraffa on 2005-03-14, 18:44, edited 1 time in total.

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Postby Nukalurk » 2005-03-14, 16:59

Giraffa, answers in RED, please!


Bugi, you're great! :)

Guest

Postby Guest » 2005-03-14, 18:37

Amikeco wrote:Giraffa, answers in RED, please!


Bugi, you're great! :)


I'm terribly sorry... :( I can't use my computer now and the one I use doesn't show everything right :( I dunno why. Of course, I made my answers red, but......

Giraffa.

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kibo
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Postby kibo » 2005-03-14, 18:42

Giraffa :P

Mam is polish, imam is serbian. ;)

Hope to see you soon.
Goals:
[flag=]es[/flag] ➜ C1 (DELE)
[flag=]de[/flag] ➜ B2 (Goethe-Zertifikat) / C1
[flag=]sv[/flag] ➜ B1/B2

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Postby Giraffa » 2005-03-14, 18:45

Bugi wrote:Giraffa :P

Mam is polish, imam is serbian. ;)

Hope to see you soon.


LOL oh, silly me... :/

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Postby Giraffa » 2005-03-14, 19:25

4C.

Nemam avione.
Nemam bašte.
Imam bluze.
Imam cvetove.
Imam drugove.
Imam flaše.
Imam grla.
Imam ispite.
Imam majke.
Imam mantile.
Nemam mostove.
Imam olovke.
Oooh... Imam radove!
Imam reče.
Nemam sveske.


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