Differences between Old West Norse & Modern Icelandic

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TimmyP
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Differences between Old West Norse & Modern Icelandic

Postby TimmyP » 2011-09-23, 13:53

Hi all!
Does anyone know what the main grammatical differences are between Modern Icelandic and Old West Norse?

I know the pronunciation has changed quite a bit, but am interested in what differences I should be aware of.

Thanks!

deardron
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Re: Differences between Old West Norse & Modern Icelandic

Postby deardron » 2011-09-25, 15:43

There's not so many.. I'm not sure but I think that the continuous tenses (vera + inf.) were not developed in Old Norse as much as in today's Icelandic.

jan-erik1
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Re: Differences between Old West Norse & Modern Icelandic

Postby jan-erik1 » 2011-10-17, 15:07

Something on a syntactical level that you won’t find in Modern Icelandic is loose noun phrases in the subject. For example: “Þór fór fram á leið ok þeir félagar.” Here we see that “Þór“ clearly governs the verb inflection even though his companions were with him, too. In Modern Icelandic you would order all the “agents” in the subject phrase together.

A lot of verbs govern different cases today, or they have been equipped with prepositions to get rid of the genitive governance, for example:

(wait for/await): bíða einhvers has turned into bíða eftir einhverju(m)
(wish): óska einhvers has turned into óska eftir einhverju(m)
+ many similar cases


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