Learning German

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musicman1982
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Joined: 2016-07-16, 10:46
Real Name: Matthew
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Country: GB United Kingdom (United Kingdom)

Learning German

Postby musicman1982 » 2017-06-02, 11:54

Hello, my name is Matthew, I am English, I live in London and I am interested in learning your language. I have come across a couple of things that I wanted to ask, if anyone is able to answer these questions, it will be appreciated.

1. Does your language have articles in or not, if so what type of articles are used?

2. When it comes to sentence structure with statements, questions, etc. How is grammar used in your language? I have come across a list by Tim Ferris, who has written twelve sentences with different types of grammar structure, I will list them below:



The apple is red

It is john’s apple

I give john the apple

we give him the apple

He give it to john

She gives it to him

is the apple red

The apples are red

I must give it to him

I want to give it to her

I’m going to know tomorrow.

I can’t eat the apple.

I know what I am asking is very specific, but if anyone can answer this question, this will be greatly appreciated. If anyone can, you can say, e.g “Sentence one, will be a statement”, “Sentence six would be a question,” etc.

3. Are there any words in English that are not used in your language?

Again, I know I am asking a lot of these questions. I am not looking for a lot of information. Just something to start off with and work on. I am learning Latvian at the moment, so I am fully aware what the commitment is to learning a language. If you can spare the time, i will gladly take on board anything you say, thank you for your time and patience.

Kind regards,

Matthew.

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IpseDixit
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Re: Learning German

Postby IpseDixit » 2017-06-08, 13:48

musicman1982 wrote:1. Does your language have articles in or not, if so what type of articles are used?


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_articles

caleteu
Posts: 30
Joined: 2016-11-27, 15:43

Re: Learning German

Postby caleteu » 2017-07-05, 18:29

All the sentences are statements.
What do you mean by "Are there any words in English that are not used in your language?" ? Lots! If you mean the words in the sentences you listed, German has no gerund (-ing form of verb) and does not use "going" to express intention or future tense.
There are also many words based on the same word in Old Germanic that now have different meanings. Ex. "Ein Dom" is a cathedral, "eine Hochschule" is a university, not a high school, eine "Kleinstadt" is a town. The German states are called "Länder" etc.
As to articles, German has a definite article and an indefinite article. There are 3 genders, four cases and a separate article for each gender/case in singular and plural.

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Babbsagg
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Country: DE Germany (Deutschland)

Re: Learning German

Postby Babbsagg » 2017-08-12, 23:15

Hello Matthew,

I'd like to help you with learning German, but I think I'll need some clarification.

musicman1982 wrote:I know what I am asking is very specific, but if anyone can answer this question, this will be greatly appreciated. If anyone can, you can say, e.g “Sentence one, will be a statement”, “Sentence six would be a question,” etc.

Sadly I think "How is grammar used in your language?" is not very specific at all. With the exception of "is the apple red" they all are statements--not questions--but I don't understand what that has to do with German. I just don't really understand what you're asking for.
Thank you for correcting mistakes!


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