Maybe I was confused because I thought you were asking about the word order in some advanced special case, but now it seems you're just interested in German word order in general?
Macnerd wrote:So the word order is basically the same as in English.
It may look like it from this simple example, but it's not really the case. English uses SVO, whereas German has V2 (verb-second) word order in main clauses and SOV in dependent clauses. It looked the same because my example doesn't have an object in the dependent clauses.
This is the effect that V2 word order has. In simple sentences, the first position is taken by the subject, so putting the (finite) verb second looks like the English SVO. However, if you add something like an adverbial phrase at the beginning, the verb still takes the second position and the subject moves to after it:
Ich sehe das Haus"I see the house"
Jetzt sehe ich das Haus"Now see I the house"
Now I see the house
A relative clause with an object looks like this:
Er hat einen Hund, der den Briefträger beißt."He has a dog that the postman bites"
He has a dog that bites the postman.
Interesting! It is interesting that German uses "der" for "that".
The relative pronoun is declined and most of its forms are identical with the definite article. In this case it's "der" because "Hund" is masculine and singular and we need the nominative case because it's used as the subject of the relative clause.
For example, if you used it as the object in the relative clause, in English the actual word order would change, but in German you just use different cases (accusative for the relative pronoun and nominative for the "Briefträger"):
Er hat einen Hund, den der
Briefträger beißt."He has a dog that the postman bites"
He has a dog that the postman bites.
I'd love to create a language. I've spent hours on Wikipedia & YouTube & the internet learning about grammar & syntax.
How many different languages did you check yet? Definitely a good idea to get familiar with different concepts if you want to avoid creating a copy of English, just with different words.