Past participle (?)

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0stsee
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Past participle (?)

Postby 0stsee » 2008-12-06, 19:41

Sveicinaati!

Believe it or not, I've looked in vain for this in the resources I've used.

How do you build the past tense with buut? By that I mean like "Es tur neesmu bijis" vs. "Es tur nebiju". (From another thread).

How do you build the "bijis" (participle?)?

Salam,


Marks
Ini tandatanganku.

Sol Invictus
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Re: Past participle (?)

Postby Sol Invictus » 2008-12-06, 21:10

I don't understand particles and don't understand what you need, but I found the grammar book mentioned in the other thread and could try to help you anyway, however maybe this helps (if characters look wrong you need to swich encoding to baltic>windows 1257, it's somewhere under view in most browsers)

reegs
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Re: Past participle (?)

Postby reegs » 2008-12-09, 11:25

0stsee wrote:
How do you build the past tense with buut? By that I mean like "Es tur neesmu bijis" vs. "Es tur nebiju". (From another thread).

How do you build the "bijis" (participle?)?


past tense for 'buut' is 'bija', so take the stem 'bij' and add '-is' or '-usi' as said in the link given by Sol Invictus.

Es tur nebiju - it's past, but not participle (I wasn't there)

Sol Invictus
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Re: Past participle (?)

Postby Sol Invictus » 2008-12-09, 15:56

I don't think learning tenses have much to do with learning participle, only Germans could invet such nightmare (I hope), but if you do learn other languages by comparing them to German structures then I think you won't find any material explaining Latvian that way
Last edited by Sol Invictus on 2008-12-10, 0:04, edited 1 time in total.

hekate
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Re: Past participle (?)

Postby hekate » 2008-12-09, 23:38

BŪT (to be)

Masc.:
Es tur neesmu bijis. // Viņš tur nav bijis. ------------- Present particle
Es tur nebiju bijis. // Viņš tur nebija bijis.------------ Past particle

Fem.:
Es tur neesmu bijusi.// Viņa tur nav bijusi.
Es tur nebiju bijusi.// Viņa tur nebija bijusi.

---------------------------
SKRIET (to run)

Masc.:
Es tur neesmu skrējis. // Viņš tur nav skrējis.
Es tur nebiju skrējis.// Viņš tur nebija skrējis.

Fem.:
Es tur neesmu skrējusi. // Viņa tur nav skrējusi.
Es tur nebiju skrējusi.// Viņa tur nebija skrējusi.

---------------------------------------------------------

Hope it helps.


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