Just a note: most countries have multiple ways of asking this question, so this map just shows the most common.
Note 2: The Iraqi one says "ishda tsawi" and writes it as "شدا تسوي", but this hasn't been transcribed correctly at all, as "sh" and "da" belong to the verb as prefixes.
In this dialect of Iraqi (Muslim Baghdadi), this contains three seperate particles that are all joined together.
- "What?" is translated as "shinu?" (شنو), which becomes shortened to "sh-" (ش) and prefixed to the next word.
- "Da-" (دا) is the marker for continuous/progressive tenses, and is prefixed to the indicative verb.
- "Tsawi" (تسوي) is the present indicative for "you do" (masculine singular).
So, "what are you doing?" combines "sh-" "da-" and "tsawi" for "shdatsawi?" (شداتسوي or شدتسوي).