Prefix სა-

Moderator: Multiturquoise

User avatar
Posts: 82
Joined: 2009-05-30, 15:37
Real Name: Andrew Lawrinenko
Gender: male
Location: Луганське ⇄ Київ
Country: UA Ukraine (Україна)

Prefix სა-

Postby riwnodennyk » 2013-01-12, 15:24

What does the prefix სა- mean in words like Sakartvelo or Samedicino universiteti?
Native [flag=]uk[/flag], OK [flag=]be.Tara[/flag] [flag=]en[/flag] [flag=]pl[/flag], Some [flag=]de[/flag] [flag=]fr[/flag], Beginner [flag=]tr[/flag] [flag=]ro[/flag], Kudos to [flag=]crh[/flag] [flag=]ca[/flag] [flag=]ga[/flag] [flag=]eu[/flag]

Posts: 476
Joined: 2009-04-18, 11:08

Re: Prefix სა-

Postby HoneyBuzzard » 2013-01-12, 22:08

It's actually a circumfix სა-ო, and it's pretty versatile. Aronson specifies three different uses for it:
Formation of adjectives from nouns (ლიტერატურა literature → სალიტერატურო literary).
Location (საფლავი grave → სასაფლაო cemetery).
Designation (თამაში game, playing → სათამაშო toy), this one is also სა-ე like in სათვალე glasses.

So საქართველო is the "place of the Kartveli people" (location), and სამედიცინო უნივერსიტეტი is the "university for medicine" (designation).

Return to “Georgian (ქართული)”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest