გააჩნია - what does it mean?
"It depends on
" (present series only)
შეუძლია სტუდენტს მხოლოდ სტიპენდიაზე იარსებოს, იქირაოს ოთახი, ჭამოს, ჩაიცვას და სხვა ამდაგვარი? I understand the meaning of the sentence, I just want to know which verbal forms are those იარსებოს, იქირაოს? is that the optative itself?
Yes, they're optatives from class III verbs არსებობს and ქირაობს.
...ფულს თუ მომჭირნედ დახარჯავს - I don't get what მომჭირნედ means.
Adverbial of მომჭირნე economical
...როცა სტუდენტი გახდება, იტყვის უნივერსიტეტში შევედი, მიმიღეს, ან ჩამრიცხესო. - I don't understand ჩამრიცხესო and I don't get the whole point of the sentence.
"[...] when someone [he] will become a student, he can [will] say 'I entered the university,' 'they accepted me,' or 'they enrolled me.'
They're talking about the nuances between the different words for entering a university, but when you become a student, you can say any of these things.
შეიძლება თქვა, უნივერსიტეტში მოვეწყეო? - I don't get მოვეწყეო.
Aorist of მო=ე-წყობა make o's way into
, i.e., "can you say 'I made my way into the university'?
...სხვა საშუალებებმა გასჭრა და ჩაგრიცხეს - What would გასჭრა და ჩაგრიცხეს be?
"[...] other means worked, and they enrolled you.
I don't remember where this sentence is, but the idea is probably that there are different ways of entering a university, and in the past other ways (or "means") also used to work (bribery, connections, etc.).
როგორც კი გაათავებს, მოვახსებენ და მიგიღებთ - I don't get the whole sentence.
It doesn't say მოვახსენებ? ("As soon as he will finish (the meeting), I will report to him, and he will receive you.
Right at the title, სტუდქალაქში ბინავდება. I bet ბინავდება has t do with being settled in an apartment.
როგორ გეკადრებათ - ???
აფსუს! - ???
"Take up residence
," "how do you dare/how can you say that
," and "what a pity
Aren't you using the lexicon in the back of the book? It should have all these words.
“აქ ერთი სტუდენტი აპირებდა ბაგებში წასვლას და თუ ჯერ არ წასულა ის გაყვებათ. - I don't get this sentence: "There is a student here planning to go to Bagebi and if he hasn't gone yet, he'll take you there".
If the other student has already left, he won't be able to give John a ride to Bagebi.
How have you gotten so far, if I may ask? You see that I just pass through the texts, I don't overlearn them, in the sense that I still don't know almost anything about perfect, pluperfect and participles.
I'm on page 184, which is the beginning of the section about Mikheil Javakhishvili. I am pretty thorough myself, and I take a lot of notes. I like to take it slow.
Btw, I'm starting to get worried. The Continuing Course is long, but it will end one day. What's next?! Any other options, even if at the same level, just as a review? I have to finish both the Newspaper Reader and the Continuing Course before I delve into native material, and I only hope I'll be able to tackle the latter, because by that time I'll no longer have notes to explain the hardest expressions =D
When I'm done with ACC, I'm going to work my way through some technical books like A Morphosyntactic Analysis (from Dunwoody) and Georgian Syntax by Alice Harris. I'm already using them for reference, but I think it would be nice to go through them cover to cover. After that my plan is to try to read a book by Nodar Dumbadze along an English translation. I quite liked the excerpts of that author in Aronson's Reading Grammar and ACC, so that seems like a good place to start. I don't know if it will be feasible since, as you said, it won't be annotated, but I'll give it a try.
Doesn't look like his books are that easy to dust up though, even Amazon.com only has Sunny Night as a used book, and I'm not sure where to get the original book. Ah well, it'll probably take me another six-nine months to finish ACC, so I have some time to think about it.