Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Linguaphile
Posts: 2201
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-09-11, 1:56

Exercise 3.1 from Learn Ga Now.
1. ekome one
2. enyɔ two
3. etɛ three
4. akwadu banana
5. akwadui bananas
6. blɔfoŋme pineapple
7. blɔfoŋmei pineapples
8. pɛya pear
9. akutu orange
10. daa nɛɛ every day
11. kɛ and

Exercise 3.2
Singular
I mi
you bo
he, she, it
Plural
we
you nyɛ
they amɛ

Exercise 3.3
mi yeɔ
bo oyeɔ
eyeɔ
yeɔ
nyɛ yeɔ
amɛ yeɔ


Exercise 3.4
bananas akwadui
oranges akutui
pinepapples blɔfoŋmei
coconuts akookoshii
pears pɛyai
plantains amadaai
mangos maŋoi
In Ga, the quantity goes after the noun.
blɔfoŋme kome = one pineapple
blɔfoŋmei enyɔ = two pineapples
blɔfoŋmei etɛ = three pineapples

Exercise 3.5
1. Esi eats mangos. Esi eyeɔ maŋoi.
2. I eat fruit every day. Miyeɔ aduawai daa nɛɛ.
3. Ama and Kwabena eat two bananas every day. Ama kɛ Kwabena yeɔ akwadui enyɔ daa nɛɛ.
4. We eat three pineapples every day. Wɔ yeɔ blɔfoŋmei etɛ daa nɛɛ.
5. You (sing.) eat one banana every day. Oyeɔ akwadu kome daa nɛɛ.
6. You (plural) eat coconuts every day. Nyɛ yeɔ akookoshi daa nɛɛ.

Exercise 3.6
I buy = Mi heɔ
You buy = (Bo) oheɔ
She buys = (Lɛ) eheɔ
We buy = Wɔ heɔ
You all buy = Nyɛ heɔ
They buy = Amɛ heɔ

Exercise 3.7
1. I buy pineapples. Mi heɔ blɔfoŋmei.
2. You buy bananas every day. (Bo) oheɔ akwadui daa nɛɛ.
3. He buys oranges. (Lɛ) eheɔ akutui.
4. We eat fruit every day. Wɔ yeɔ aduawai daa nɛɛ.
5. You all buy fruit very day. Nyɛ heɔ aduawai daa nɛɛ.
6. They eat mangos every day. Amɛ yeɔ maŋoi daa nɛɛ.

Linguaphile
Posts: 2201
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-09-12, 12:43

Exercise 4.1 from Learn Ga Now
Sunday = Hɔgbaa
Monday = Ju
Tuesday = Jufɔ
Wednesday = Shɔ
Thursday = Soo
Friday = Sohaa
Saturday = Hɔɔ

Exercise 4.2
Ju 4
Hɔgbaa 17
Soo 28
Hɔɔ 2
Sohaa 15
Sohaa 29
Shɔ 27
Sohaa 1
Jufɔ 19
Shɔ 6
Soo 7
Soo 21
Hɔɔ 23
Hɔɔ 30
Hɔgbaa 24
Sohaa 8
Jufɔ 5
Hɔgbaa 3

Exercise 4.3
yesterday, today, tomorrow
nyɛ, ŋmɛnɛ, wɔ
1. Hɔɔ, Hɔgbaa, Ju
2. Shɔ, Soo, Sohaa
3. Soo, Sohaa, Hɔɔ
4. Ju, Jufɔ, Shɔ
5. Jufɔ, Shɔ, Soo
6. Hɔgbaa, Ju, Jufɔ
7. Sohaa, Hɔɔ, Hɔgbaa

Exercise 4.4
Hɔgbaa - both end with -si (Esi, Kwasi)
Ju - both have a -jo- sound; the yoo gbɛi (girl's name) ends with -joa while the nuu gbɛi ends with -jo (Adjoa, Kojo)
Jufɔ - both end with -na (Abina, Kobina, Kwabena)
Shɔ - both have a -ku- sound; the yoo gbɛi ends with -kua while the nuu gbɛi ends with -nu (Ekua, Kweku)
Soo - both begin with ya-; the yoo gbɛi is Yaa while the nuu gbɛi is Yaw
Sohaa - both end with -fi or have a -fi- sound (Efia, Afi, Kofi)
Hɔɔ - both have an -am sound; the yoo gbɛi ends with -ama while the nuu gbɛi ends with -ame
With the exception of Thursday, all the yoo gbɛii begin with vowels and all the nuu gbɛii begin with Ko- or Kw-
These seem to be the Akan names. In a previous post the Ga names given are a bit different.

Exercise 4.5
Ama - yoo - Hɔɔ - Saturday
Kofi Annan - nuu - Sohaa - Friday
Kwame Nkruma - nuu - Hɔɔ - Saturday
Afi - yoo - Sohaa - Friday
Kwabena - nuu - Jufɔ - Tuesday
Kojo - nuu - Ju - Monday
Yaa - yoo - Soo - Thursday
Esi - yoo - Hɔgbaa - Sunday
Kweku - nuu - Shɔ - Wednesday
Kwasi - nuu - Hɔgbaa - Sunday

Exercise 4.6
1. Ani Shɔ afɔ bo?
2. Ani Jufɔ afɔ bo?
3. Ani Hɔgbaa afɔ bo?
4. Ani Soo afɔ bo?
5. Ani Sohaa afɔ bo?
6. Ani Hɔgbaa afɔ bo?
7. Afɔ mi Hɔɔ.
8. Afɔ mi Sohaa.
9. Afɔ mi Hɔgbaa.
10. Afɔ mi Ju.
11. Afɔ mi Jufɔ.
12. Afɔ mi Shɔ.

Exercise 4.9
Meni gbi nɔ yɛ otsi lɛ mii ni afɔ bo? (What day of the week were you born?)
Afɔ mi Sohaa. (I was born on Friday.)
Sohaa-fɔmɔbii agbɛi ji Yaa ke ji yoo, ni kɛji nuu ni huɛ Kofi. (Friday-born people are named Afi if they are girls, and Kofi if they are boys.)
Wow, bɛɛ i Ghana gbɛi ji Afi. Oyiwala doŋŋ akɛ oha mi le enɛ. (Wow, then my Ghanaian name is Afi. Thank you for letting me know this.)
Shi daa bɛ. (You're welcome.)

Meni gbi nɔ yɛ otsi lɛ mii ni afɔ bo? Afɔ mi Soo. Soo-fɔmɔbii agbɛi ji Yaa ke ji yoo. Bɛɛ i Ghana gbɛi ji Yaa.
(What day of the week were your born? I was born on Thursday. Thursday-born people are named Yaa if they are girls. Then my Ghanaian name is Yaa.)

Exercise 4.10
day gbi
you are welcome shi daa bɛ
What day of the week were you born? Meni gbi nɔ yɛ otsi lɛ mii ni afɔ bo?
thank you oyiwala doŋŋ
I was born on ___ Afɔ mi ___
names of the days gbii lɛ agbɛi
week otsi

Linguaphile
Posts: 2201
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-09-18, 12:58

Exercise 5.1 from Learn Ga Now
every day daa nɛɛ
last night nyɛ gbɛkɛ
tomorrow
I mi
you bo
he/she/it
we
you all nyɛ
they amɛ
here biɛ

Exercise 5.2
Mi yɛ biɛ nyɛ gbɛke.
Bo, oyɛ biɛ nyɛ gbɛke.
Lɛ, eyɛ biɛ nyɛ gbɛke.
Wɔ yɛ biɛ nyɛ gbɛke.
Nyɛ yɛ biɛ nyɛ gbɛke.
Amɛ yɛ biɛ nyɛ gbɛke.
Mi yɛ biɛ daa nɛɛ.
Bo, oyɛ biɛ daa nɛɛ.
Lɛ, eyɛ biɛ daa nɛɛ.
Wɔ yɛ biɛ daa nɛɛ.
Nyɛ yɛ biɛ daa nɛɛ.
Amɛ yɛ biɛ daa nɛɛ.
Ma hi biɛ wɔ.
Bo, obaa hi biɛ wɔ.
Lɛ, ebaa hi biɛ wɔ.
Wɔ baa hi biɛ wɔ.
Nyɛ baa hi biɛ wɔ.
Amɛ baa hi biɛ wɔ.

Exercise 5.3
1. wɔ tomorrow
2. shwane nɛɛ this afternoon
3. gbɛkɛ nɛɛ tonight
4. bianɛ now
5. wɔ leebi tomorrow morning
6. nyɛsɛɛ nyɔɔŋ lɛ last month
7. ŋmɛnɛ yesterday
8. wɔsɛɛ afi next year
9. daa nɛɛ every day
10. gbɛkɛ naashi nɛɛ this evening
11. nyɛ gbɛkɛ last night
12. daa Sohaa every Friday
13. nyɛ yesterday
14. leebi nɛɛ this morning
15. nyɛsɛɛ afi lɛ last year

This is interesting: "wɔ" means both "tomorrow" and "we"; "nyɛ" means both "yesterday" and "you"

Exercise 5.4
1.
I was here yesterday: Mi yɛ biɛ nyɛ.
I am here now: Mi yɛ biɛ bianɛ.
I will be here tomorrow: Ma hi biɛ wɔ.

2.
We are here everyday: Wɔ yɛ biɛ daa nɛɛ.
We were here last year: Wɔ yɛ biɛ nyɛsɛɛ afi lɛ.
We will be here tomorrow morning: Wɔ yɛ biɛ wɔ leebi.

3.
She will be here tomorrow: Lɛ ebaa hi biɛ wɔ.
She is here today: Lɛ eyɛ biɛ ŋmɛnɛ.
She was here last month: Lɛ eyɛ biɛ nyɛsɛɛ nyɔɔŋ lɛ.

4.
They are here every Friday: Amɛ yɛ biɛ daa Sohaa.
They were here yesterday: Amɛ yɛ biɛ nyɛ.
They will be here tonight: Amɛ baa hi biɛ gbɛkɛ nɛɛ.

5.
You were here last year: Bo oyɛ biɛ nyɛsɛɛ afi lɛ.
You are here now: Bo oyɛ biɛ bianɛ.
You will be here tomorrow morning: Bo obaa hi biɛ wɔ leebi.

6.
You all will be here tomorrow: Nyɛ baa hi biɛ wɔ.
You all were here last night: Nyɛ yɛ biɛ nyɛ gbɛkɛ.
You all are here everyday: Nyɛ yɛ biɛ daa nɛɛ.

Exercise 5.6
I was here on Wednesday: Mi yɛ biɛ Shɔ.
I will be here Friday: Ma hi biɛ Sohaa.
She will be here Friday: Lɛ hi biɛ Sohaa.
They were here Wednesday: Amɛ yɛ biɛ Shɔ.
You all will be here Friday. Nyɛ baa hi biɛ Sohaa.


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