Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-01, 4:17

Ga language links
GaDangme Online
Ga Language Guide
Ga Introductory Course
Kasahorow Gadangme-English online dictionary
Kasahorow English-Gadangme online dictionary
Greetings in Ga
GaDangme quizlet
Ga Grammatical Sketch from 1858
Ga verb dictionary
A few audio files

Ga phrases
Miiŋa nyɛ! - for greeting a group of people
Miiŋa bo! - for greeting one person
Ojekoo - good morning
Minaokoo - good afternoon
Oshwiee - good evening
Te oyɔɔ tɛŋŋ? - how are you?
Mi yɛ ojogbaŋŋ - I am fine
Te atsɛɔ bo tɛŋŋ? - What is your name?
Nɛgbɛ bo yɔɔ? - Where are you from?
Nɛgbɛ oyaa? - Where are you going?
Miikase Ga - I am learning Ga.
Te atsɛɔ enɛ tɛŋŋ? - What do you call this?
Enyiɛ ahɔɔ enɛ? - How much does this cost?
Ayekoo! - Well done!
Oyiwala dɔŋŋ - thank you
Yaaba jogbaŋŋ - goodbye

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CcgJzlnyyA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VECQ864_MuU

edit: added resources
Last edited by Linguaphile on 2019-08-12, 1:30, edited 5 times in total.

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-01, 20:21

Colors
Etsuru (tsuru) - red
Wuɔfɔ - yellow
Eŋɔli - green
Akasesu (bluu) - blue
Eyɛŋ (yɛŋ) - white
Lamululamulu (lamulu) - gray
Ediŋ (diŋ) - black
Asrasu - brown
Truntrai - spotted

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWmORYtkwVM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mu67tvKAg6Q

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-01, 20:55

Days of the week
Ju - Monday
Jufɔ - Tuesday
Shɔ - Wednesday
Soo - Thursday
Sohaa - Friday
Hɔɔ - Saturday
Hɔgbaa - Sunday

Gbi - day
Otsi - week

Nyɛ - yesterday
Ŋmɛnɛ - today
Wɔ - tomorrow
Nyɛ gbɛkɛ - last night
Leebi neɛ - this morning
Wɔ leebi - tomorrow morning
Dani Ju daashɛ - before Monday

Quizlet of Days of the Week

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MR8Qn9-HQJw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m6oFIHIiNZk
Last edited by Linguaphile on 2019-09-11, 3:19, edited 1 time in total.

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-03, 3:11

Yibɔi (numbers)

ekobɛ - 0
ekome - 1
enyɔ - 2
etɛ - 3
ejwɛ - 4
enumɔ - 5
ekpaa - 6
kpawo -7
kpaanyɔ - 8
nɛɛhu - 9
nyɔŋma - 10

nyɔŋma kɛ ekome - 11
nyɔŋma kɛ enyɔ - 12
nyɔŋma kɛ etɛ - 13
nyɔŋma kɛ ejwɛ - 14
nyɔŋma kɛ enumɔ - 15
nyɔŋma kɛ ekpaa - 16
nyɔŋma kɛ kpawo - 17
nyɔŋma kɛ kpaanyɔ - 18
nyɔŋma kɛ nɛɛhu - 19

nyɔŋmai enyɔ - 20
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ekome - 21
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enyɔ - 22
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ etɛ - 23
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ejwɛ - 24
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enumɔ - 25
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ekpaa - 26
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ kpawo - 27
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ kpaanyɔ - 28
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ nɛɛhu - 29

nyɔŋmai etɛ - 30
nyɔŋmai etɛ kɛ ekome - 31
nyɔŋmai etɛ kɛ enyɔ - 32

nyɔŋmai ejwɛ - 40
nyɔŋmai ejwɛ kɛ ekome - 41
nyɔŋmai ejwɛ kɛ enyɔ - 42

nyɔŋmai enumɔ - 50
nyɔŋmai ekpaa- 60
nyɔŋmai kpawo - 70
nyɔŋmai kpaanyɔ - 80
nyɔŋmai nɛɛhu - 90

oha - 100
oha kɛ ekome - 101
oha kɛ enyɔ - 102
oha kɛ nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enumɔ - 125
oha kɛ nyɔŋmai enumɔ - 150

ohai enyɔ - 200
oha enyɔ kɛ ekome - 201
oha enyɔ kɛ enyɔ - 202
oha enyɔ kɛ nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enumɔ - 225
oha enyɔ kɛ nyɔŋmai enumɔ - 250

ohai etɛ - 300
ohai ejwɛ - 400
ohai enumɔ - 500
ohai ekpaa - 600
ohai kpawo - 700
ohai kpaanyɔ - 800
ohai nɛɛhu - 900

akpe - 1000
akpei enyɔ - 2000
akpei nyɔŋma - 10,000
akpei akpe (milio) - 1,000,000

Kasahorow - Ga Numbers Zero to 20
Numbers in Ga at Omniglot

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWA2NCPVxsI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuVD-i8bnYk
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PjWD9H4sV8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=azvUrJjd1Ew
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAAUGhB-0L0

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Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby linguoboy » 2019-07-03, 15:12

SSC: I cannot look at the title of this thread without singing

Ga-Ga-Ga-Dangme
Na-Na-Na-Togo
Kwa-Kwa-O-la-la
Want your bad romance!
"Richmond is a real scholar; Owen just learns languages because he can't bear not to know what other people are saying."--Margaret Lattimore on her two sons

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-03, 21:13

Parts of the Body

gbɔmɔtso - body (gbɔmɔ=being, person; tso=tree, plank)
yitso - head
yitswɛi (yitsɔi) - hair
hiɛnaa (hinaa) - forehead
hiɛ - face
hiŋmɛi (hiɛŋmɛi)- eyes
hiŋmɛi sɛ tsɔi - eyebrow
toi - ear
gugɔŋ (gugɔ) - nose
kpai - cheek
naabu (nabu) - mouth
tsɛŋ - chin
lilɛi - tongue
nyanyɔŋ - teeth
na - lip
tɛ̃loo (tɛŋloo) - gum
kuɛ - neck
sɛ̃ - throat
kɔŋ - shoulder
nine - hand, arm
nijii - arms, hands
nineshi - wrist
ninewao (wao) - finger
ninewaobii (waobii) - fingers
waobiianaa - fingernail
gɔnti - thumb
dɛ̃ - palm
nikutso - elbow
ŋaashi - armpit
tsitsi - chest
fufɔ - breast
tsui - heart
flufla - lung
ŋmawutsei - ribs
sɛ - back
musu - stomach
mlinii - intestine
laŋmɔ - navel
dukui - buttocks
hɛ - hip
nane - leg
najii - legs
shuɔ - thigh
nakutso - knee
nantu - calf
nane-tokota - foot
nanetsitsi - heel
nanetalɔ - ankle
nanewao - toe
wui - bones

Some arm/leg pairs
nine (arm)nane (leg)
nijii (arms)najii (legs)
nikutso (elbow)nakutso (knee)
ninewao (finger)nanewao (toe)


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8-LQZGPDE0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=riqLJT602DY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sDFD0VRQqCY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OaXhMboUaHA

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-04, 15:23

Months of the year

nyɔŋ - month
nyɔji - months

Aharabata - January
Oflɔ - Februrary
Otsokrikri - March
Abɛibe - April
Agbiɛnaa - May
Otukwajaŋ - June
Maawɛ - July
Manyawale - August
Gbo - September
Antɔŋ - October
Alemle - November
Afuabe - December

Yaka nyɔŋ - "unfruitful month"
In the original Ga calendar, there were 13 months. Each month was 28 days and the first month of the year was Gbo (~September). Yaka fell between Afuabe (~December) and Aharabata (~January) and was the month that was removed from the calendar when switching to the 12-month system.

Information about Ga months and the original Ga-Dangme calendar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gr4q5dItOo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AwVtOYHUG7s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZ5uueK2npQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2XJQrV3ezw

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-06, 1:02

Fruits and Vegetables

adɔŋŋ (adodɔŋŋ) - hog plum, jobo, yellow mombin (Spondias mombin)
alasa - African star apple (Chrysophyllum africanum)
kufũ - white star apple Chrysophyllum albidumũ
aluguntugüŋ - soursop, guanabana (Annona muricata)
jawie - sweetsop, sugar apple (Synsepalum dulcificum)
amugui - African cherry (Flacourtia flavenscens)
yɔɔyi - black velvet tamarind (Dialium guineense)
ataŋme - tigernut (Cyperus esculentus)
afaseo - purple yam (Dioscorea alata)
taami - miracle berry (Synsepalum dulcificum)
ayigbe - ackee (Blighia sapida)
shɔ - black plum, chokeberry (Vitex doniana)

abele - corn
eŋmɔmi - okra
paya - avocado
shɛ - sugar cane
sabolai - onion
duade - cassava
amaŋkani - taro
yɛlɛ - yam
atomo - potato
kakaotsofa - ginger
shitɔ - pepper
atéá - cashew
tɛɛrɛ - cola nut
ŋme - palm nut
zomi - palm oil
nkatie - peanut

niyenii - food
aduawai - fruits
akwadu - banana
amadaa - plantain
tatale - plantain cake
abonua - lemon
kpɛtɛ - lime
akutu - orange
akokooshi - coconut
blɔfoŋme - pineapple
akpakpa - papaya
goa - guava
maŋo - mango
pɛya - pear
waatɛrɛ - watermelon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7Q7zhemGeg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QYxBJaZlxQ

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-06, 16:37

Animals

aduŋ - monkey
shwuɔ - elephant
nuŋshwuɔ - hippopotamus
mlaŋtswi - leopard
jata - lion
klaŋ - wolf
klaŋ-odiŋmlɛmi - hyena
osɔ - fox
ofrote - deer
shadebua - hedgehog
sɔne - squirrel
obishi - rat
kwakwe - mouse

akpokplonto - tortoise
baa - crocodile
odaakɛlɛo - lizard
onufu - snake
jeŋ - python

nyɔŋmɔŋ-klaklo - scorpion
anaanu - spider
wobi - bee
ashagba - wasp
abɛi - butterfly
tɔŋtɔŋ - mosquito
baalabi - locust
tsatsu - ant
adɔdɔŋ - fly
ofɔi - tsetse fly
kaklaka (kakalika) - cockroach
ŋkpuluka - bedbug

loofɔji - birds
kwaakwaalabite - crow
okpo - dove
aflimata - sparrow
nyɔŋmɔbi-tɛte - swallow
akroma - hawk
okroŋpɔŋ - eagle
akpaŋa - vulture
dɔkɔdɔkɔ - duck

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-07, 17:25

Domestic Animals

kooloi - animals
shĩaŋ kooloi (shĩa mli kooloi) - domestic animals
alɔnte - cat
abotia - goat
gbee - dog
kpɛnkpɛne (kpɛŋkpɛle) - rabbit, hare
kwakwe - mouse
kpolotoo - pig
kpolotoobi - piglet
okpɔŋɔ - horse
afukpɔŋɔ - camel
too gwantɛŋ - sheep, ram
toobi (too gwantɛŋbi) - lamb
tsina - cow
tsina nuu - bull
teji - donkey
wuɔ - hen, chicken
wuɔbi - chick
wuɔ nuu - rooster
dɔkɔdɔkɔ - duck
ansaŋ - guinea fowl
akoo - parrot
tiitra - canary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PMJNuFdTxaU

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-08, 15:07

Fish and Sea Creatures

numli kooloi - sea creatures
kooloi - animals
nuŋloo - fish
odaa - tuna
samaŋ - salmon
emule - mackerel scad
jaase - horse mackerel
saflo - shark mackerel
maŋ - herring
didɛibaa - sole
abɔbi - anchovies
maji abii - tiny anchovies
antɛle - moon fish
didɛi - tilapia
jiji - electric ray
tantara - sting ray
ŋshɔŋ onufu - eel
ŋwaŋwajaŋ - ribbon fish
ablekui: moray eel
tsile - red snapper
ŋoŋo mli loo - shellfish
kakadiamaa - octopus
adɔde - oyster
alaŋmai - sand crab
kaa - sea crab
ŋaa - river crab
ŋshɔŋ waa - sea snail
ŋaatseŋtseŋ (ŋaakpaakpaa) - lobster
sɔŋ - shrimp, prawn
ajwɛŋ - mudfish
tsaflɔbi - shark
ogboole - hammerhead shark


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yb24Ndz4GXE

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-09, 14:12

Mei bei ni afɔ bo? which day where you born?
Linguaphile wrote:Days of the week
Ju - Monday
Jufɔ - Tuesday
Shɔɔ - Wednesday
Soo - Thursday
Sohaa - Friday
Hɔ - Saturday
Hɔgbaa - Sunday


Gbi gbɛii (Ga day-of-birth names)
For a person born on a Monday [Ju]: Kojo (male) / Ajua (female)
For a person born on a Tuesday [Jufɔ]: Kɔblã (male) / Ablã (female)
For a person born on a Wednesday [Shɔɔ]: Kwaku (male) / Akua (female)
For a person born on a Thursday [Soo]: Kwao (male) / Aba (female)
For a person born on a Friday [Sohaa]: Kofi (male) / Afua (female)
For a person born on a Saturday [Hɔ]: Kwami (male) / Ama (female)
For a person born on a Sunday [Hɔgbaa]: Kwashi (male) / Akoshia (female)

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-24, 2:19

Subject pronouns (prefixed)
1s mi-
2s o-
3s e-
1p wɔ-
2p nyɛ-
3p amɛ-

Object pronouns
1s mi
2s bo
3s lɛ (for non-human: nul)
1p wɔ
2p nyɛ
3p amɛ

Examples (sentences which have both subject and object pronouns):
Mina bo yɛ dzɛmɛ. = I saw you (singular) there.
Wɔna bo yɛ dzɛmɛ. = We saw you (singular) there.
Wɔna nyɛ yɛ dzɛmɛ. = We saw all of you (plural) there.
Ona wɔ yɛ dzɛmɛ. = You (singular) saw us there.
Ena mi yɛ dzɛmɛ. = He saw me there.
Wɔna amɛ yɛ dzɛmɛ. = We saw them there.
Mile lɛ. I know him.
Mileee lɛ. = I don't know him.
Mileee amɛ. = I don't know them.
Wɔleee amɛ. = We don't know them.
Misumɔɔ bo. = I love you (singular).
Misumɔɔ nyɛ. = I love you (plural).
Misumɔɔɔ lɛ. = I don't love him.
Osumɔɔ mi. = You (singular) love me.
Osumɔɔɔ amɛ. = You don't love them.
Mitsɔɔŋ bo. = I teach you (singular).
Mitsɔɔŋ nyɛ. = I teach you (plural).
Otsɔɔŋ mi. = You (singular) teach me.
Amɛtsɔɔŋ wɔ. = They teach us.
Etsɔɔŋ amɛ. = He teaches them.
Miiŋa nyɛ. = I'm greeting you (plural).
Miiŋa bo. = I'm greeting you (singular).

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-08-06, 15:32

Examples using subject and object pronouns with names; the verb tsɛ; how to ask what someone or something is called

gbɛi = name
Gbɛi kpakpa hi fe shika = a good name is better than riches
    gbɛi = name
    kpakpa = good
    hi = stay
    fe = better; better than
    shika = riches, money, luxury
tsɛ = to call, to name
    Mitsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = I call the child. (gbekɛ = child, boy)
    Otsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = you (singular) call the child.
    Etsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = he/she calls the child.
    Wɔtsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = we call the child.
    Nyɛtsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = you (plural) call the child.
    Amɛtsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = they call the child.
    Mitsɛ nyɛ = I call you
    Mitsɛ lɛ = I call him/her
    Otsɛ mi = you call me
Te atsɛɔ bo tɛŋŋ? = what is your name? (what are you called?)
Atsɛɔ mi... = my name is... (call me...)
Atsɛɔ mi Akua = my name is Akua (call me Akua)
Ofainɛ, atsɛɔ mi Akua = Please call me Akua.

Mɛni ji ogbɛi? = what is your name?
Ofainɛ, mɛni ji ogbɛi? = please, what is your name?
Migbɛi ji... = my name is...
Migbɛi ji Kofi = my name is Kofi.

Te atsɛɔ nakai nuu lɛ tɛŋŋ? = what is that man's name? (what is that man called?)
Atsɛɔ Iɛ Sowa. = His name is Sowa (they call him Sowa)

Nyɛbia Iɛ egbɛi! = Ask him his name!
Miyabi Iɛ egbɛi. = I went and asked him his name.
Abi Iɛ egbɛi. = He was asked his name.

Use the verb tsɛ (te atsɛɔ...tɛŋŋ?) when asking a person's name or asking the word for a noun or noun phrase; use the verb (te akɛɔ akɛ...tɛŋŋ?) when asking how to say anything that is not a noun:

Te atsɛɔ enɛ tɛŋŋ? - What do you call this [thing]?
Te atsɛɔ...yɛ Ga mli tɛŋŋ? = how do you say...in Ga? (what is...called in Ga?) [for nouns]
Te atsɛɔ "cat" yɛ Ga mli tɛŋŋ? = how do you say "cat" in Ga?
Te atsɛɔ...tɛŋŋ? = how do you say...? (what is...called?)
Atsɛɔ lɛ... = it is called...
Atsɛɔ lɛ "alɔnte" = it is called "alɔnte".

Te akɛɔ akɛ...yɛ Ga mli tɛŋŋ? = how do you say...in Ga? (how is...said in Ga?) [for words/phrases other than nouns]
Te akɛɔ akɛ "thank you" yɛ Ga mli tɛŋŋ? = how is "thank you" said in Ga?
Te akɛɔ akɛ...tɛŋŋ? = how is... said?
Te akɛɔ...tɛŋŋ? = how is... said?
Akɛɔ akɛ... = it is said...
Akɛɔ akɛ "oyiwala dɔŋŋ" = it is said "oyiwala dɔŋŋ".

Verbs
tsɛ = to call, to name
    Present/past tense: tsɛ call
    Progressive tense: ŋtsɛ calling
    Negative: tɛee not calling
    Future: baatsɛ will call
    (Atsɛɔ: to be called)
bi = to ask
    Present/past tense: bi ask
    Progressive tense: ŋbi asking
    Negative: biee not asking
    Future: baabi will ask
    (Abi: to be asked)
    (Nyɛbi: ask! 2p imperative)
    (Miyabi: I went and asked)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lhxdyh17gMU
Video has the following phrases:
    Te atsɛɔ bo tɛŋŋ? = what is your name?
    Atsɛɔ mi.... = my name is....
    Atsɛɔ mi Ndukwi. = my name is Ndukwi
    Mɛni ji ogbɛi? = what is your name?
    Migbɛi ji... = my name is...

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-08-12, 1:22

For comparison: Dangme (Dangbe, Adangme) is closely related to Ga, sometimes even considered a variety of the same language, but has some different vocabulary as well as grammatical differences.

Dangme language links
Wikiversity: Dangme
Learn Dangme (blogspot)
A Dangme course on Memrise
Greetings in Dangme
Dangme phonology

Dangme phrases
I nga mo - good morning
I haa mo - good afternoon
I taa mo ama - good evening
Kɛ o ngɛ kɛɛ? - how are you?
I ngɛ saminya - I am fine
Kɛ atsɛɛ mo kɛɛ - What is your name?
Jije o je? - Where are you from?
Jije o yaa? - Where are you going?
Enyeme? - How much?
Mo tsumi - thank you
Yaaba - goodbye



What is your name?
GaTeatsɛɔbotɛŋŋ?
Dangmeatsɛɛmokɛɛ?
meaninghowis calledyouhow?

Linguaphile
Posts: 2178
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-08-15, 3:18

Ga and Dangme - comparisons
NumberGaDangme
1ekomekake
2enyɔenyɔ
3etɛetɛ
4ejwɛeywiɛ
5enumɔenuɔ
6ekpaaekpa
7kpawokpaago
8kpaanyɔkpaanyɔ
9nɛɛhunɛɛ
10nyɔŋmanyɔŋma
11nyɔŋma kɛ ekomenyɔŋma kɛ kake
12nyɔŋma kɛ enyɔnyɔŋma kɛ enyɔ
13nyɔŋma kɛ etɛnyɔŋma kɛ etɛ
14nyɔŋma kɛ ejwɛnyɔŋma kɛ eywiɛ
15nyɔŋma kɛ enumɔnyɔŋma kɛ enuɔ
16nyɔŋma kɛ ekpaanyɔŋma kɛ ekpa
17nyɔŋma kɛ kpawonyɔŋma kɛ kpaago
18nyɔŋma kɛ kpaanyɔnyɔŋma kɛ kpaanyɔ
19nyɔŋma kɛ nɛɛhunyɔŋma kɛ nɛɛ
20nyɔŋmai enyɔnyiŋmi enyɔ
21nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ekomenyiŋmi enyɔ kɛ kake
22nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enyɔnyiŋmi enyɔ kɛ enyɔ
30nyɔŋmai etɛnyiŋmi etɛ
40nyɔŋmai ejwɛnyiŋmi eywiɛ
50nyɔŋmai enumɔnyiŋmi enuɔ
100ohalafa
1000akpeakpe
Last edited by Linguaphile on 2019-08-31, 5:11, edited 2 times in total.

Linguaphile
Posts: 2178
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-08-26, 0:32

Expressing feelings in Ga

Miitao... = I want...
Miitao maya shia. = I want to go home.
Miitao madze kpo. = I want to go out.
Miitao noko maye. = I want something to eat.

Mimii eshɛ mihe. = I am glad.
Mimii eshɛ mihe dzogbaŋŋ. = I am very glad.
Mimii eshɛ mihe akɛ miku sɛɛ kɛba shia. = I am glad to be home.

Omli efu lo? = Are you angry?
Mimli efu. = I am angry.
Wɔmli efu. = We are angry.
Emli efu. = He/she is angry.
Omli efu. = You are angry.

Mihao. = I am worried.
Miishe gbeyei. = I am afraid.

Etɔ mi. = I am tired.
Wɔmiiye mi. = I am sleepy.

Hɔmɔ miiye mi. = I am hungry.
Hɔmɔ miiye mi dzogbaŋŋ. = I am very hungry.
Miitao noko maye. = I want something to eat.

Kumai miiye mi. = I am thirsty.
Ofainɛ yɛɛ nu ohã mi. = Please give me some water.

Mihe efee kulɔɔ. = I am warm.
Fɛi miiye mi. = I am cold.

Mihe miiye. = I am ill.
Minaa hetselɛ. = I don't feel well.

Mijwɛŋŋ nakai. = I think so.
Efeɔ mi nakai. = I think so.
Efee mi nakai. = I don't think so.

Linguaphile
Posts: 2178
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Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-09-01, 23:19

Verb conjugation and tenses - examples with nyiɛ 'to walk'

nyiɛ = to walk; to go, to travel, to proceed, etc.
nyiɛmɔ = to walk (nom.)
ŋnyiɛ = walking
nyiɛee = not walking

minyiɛ = I walk
onyiɛ = you walk (singular)
enyiɛ = he/she walks
wɔnyiɛ = we walk
nyɛnyiɛ = you walk (plural)
amɛnyiɛ = they walk

mimnyiɛ = I am walking
omnyiɛ = you are walking (singular)
emnyiɛ = he/she is walking
wɔmnyiɛ = we are walking
nyɛmnyiɛ = you are walking (plural)
amɛmnyiɛ = they are walking

mibaanyiɛ = I will walk
obaanyiɛ = you will walk (singular)
ebaanyiɛ = he/she will walk
wɔbaanyiɛ = we will walk
nyɛbaanyiɛ = you will walk (plural)
amɛbaanyiɛ = they will walk

minyiɛ omo = I walked
onyiɛ omo = you walked (singular)
enyiɛ omo = he/she will walk
wɔnyiɛ omo = we will walk
nyɛnyiɛ omo = you will walk (plural)
amɛnyiɛ omo = they will walk

Onyiɛ gleŋŋ. = You walk quickly.
Enyiɛ kubɛkubɛ. = She walks swiftly.
Wɔnyiɛ fεεfεo. = We walk beautifully.
Minyiɛ blɛoo. = I walk slowly.
Enyiɛ blɛoo kɛtee shia. = He walks home slowly.
Iŋnyiɛ kubɛkubɛ. = I do not walk swiftly.
Eefa nyiɛmɔ. = She starts walking.
Gbekɛbii yei lɛ nyiɛ oyayaaya. = The girls walked quickly.

Aku miikase nyiɛmɔ. = Aku is learning to walk. (sentence source)
    Aku = (proper name)
    kase = learn
    miikase = learning
    nyiɛ = walk
    nyiɛmɔ = to walk (nom.)
Moko nyiɛ agbo lɛ naa. = Someone is walking outside. (sentence source)
    moko = someone
    nyiɛ = walks
    agbo = gate
    agbo lɛ naa = at the gate, by the gate
Enyiɛ tso nɔ tso nɔ. = He's roaming about aimlessly. (sentence source)
    enyiɛ = he walks
    tso = tree
    nɔ = on
    tso = tree
    nɔ = on
Adoley nyiɛ fεεfεo kɛ tsͻ onukpai ahiɛ. = Adoley walked beautifully past the elders. (sentence source)
    Adoley = (proper name)
    nyiɛ = walk
    fεεfεo = beautifully
    kɛ = conjuction
    tsͻ = pass
    onukpa = elder
    onukpai = elders
    hiɛ = face
    ahiɛ = their faces
Nomliɛ Ira le akɛ George ŋnyiɛ esɛɛ. = Ira didn't know that George was following her. (sentence source)
    nomliɛ = then
    Ira = (proper name)
    le = didn't know
    akɛ = that
    George = (proper name)
    ŋnyiɛ = walking
    sɛ = back (the body part)
    esɛɛ = her back
Onyɛ da aahu akɛ kɛ enyiɛ lɛ ediŋdaa tamɔ dɔkɔdɔkɔ. = Your mother is so fat that when she walks she waddles like a duck. (sentence source)
    onyɛ = your mother
    da = fat
    aahu = so much
    kɛ = conjunction
    enyiɛ = she walks
    lɛ = and
    ediŋdaa = she waddles
    tamɔ = like
    dɔkɔdɔkɔ = duck

Linguaphile
Posts: 2178
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-09-05, 0:08

Exercise 1.2 from Learn Ga Now.

Set 1
1. kɛɛ = say
2. Jufɔ = Tuesday
3. mi = I, me
4. leebi = morning
5. hɔmɔ = hunger
6. fɛo = beautiful
7. gɔnti = thumb
8. ɛhɛɛ = yes
9. amɛ = they
10. bo = you (sing.)
11. duade = cassava
12. mli = in
13. ekome = one

Set 2
1. jara = market
2. Ju = Monday
3. nane = leg
4. ŋai = charcoal*
5. ofainɛ = please
6. pii = many
7. sabola = onion
8. toi = ear
9. voo = deep*
10. wɔ = we
11. wɔlɔ = egg*
12. yoo = woman
13. zɛro = zero

Exercise 1.3
amɛ = they
bo = you
duade = cassava
ekome = one
ɛhɛɛ = yes
fɛo = beautiful
gɔnti = thumb
hɔmɔ = hunger
mi= I, me
Jufɔ = Tuesday
kɛɛ = say
leebi = morning
mli = in, within
nane = leg
ŋai = charcoal
ofainɛ = please
= we
pii = many
jara = market
sabuli sabola = onion
toi = ear
Ju = Monday
voo = deep
wɔlɔ = egg
yoo = woman
zɛro = zero

Exercise 1.4
1. ejwɛ four
2. gwantɛn sheep
3. hwanya shake
4. agbo big
5. kpawo seven
6. kwɛ look at
7. nyɛ you (plural)
8. ŋma write
9. shwane afternoon
10. shia house
11. tswaa free
12. ŋwɛi sky
13. tsofa medicine

Exercise 1.5
1. agbo big
2. gwantɛn* sheep
3. hwanya* shake
4. ejwɛ four
5. kpawo seven
6. kwɛ look at, watch
7. nyɛ you (plural)
8. ŋma* write
9. ŋwɛi* sky
10. shia house
11. shwane afternoon
12. tsofa* medicine
13. tswaa* free

Linguaphile
Posts: 2178
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-09-06, 0:57

Some new words:
ŋmaa = to write
miishɛɛ = happiness, joy, fun
ekomefeemɔ = union, unity
maŋ = country, nation, continent, town
maŋwulu = city (maŋ = town; wulu = great)
nyɛmi = sibling (nyɛmi yoo = sister)
onukpa = elder, boss

Some differences between the Learn Ga Now materials and other materials I've used:
ekomefeemɔ maŋ = United States or United Nations? :hmm:
ekome feemɔ = ekomefeemɔ
ofaine = ofainɛ
oyi wala doŋ = oyiwaladoŋ, oyiwala doŋŋ
mii shɛɛ = miishɛɛ
atsɛo = atsɛɔ (pretty confident that atsɛo is a true typo)
tɛɛ = tɛŋŋ (I know it as tɛŋŋ in Ga and kɛɛ in Dangme; maybe tɛɛ is a transitional dialect or "compromise" form?)
Below I have used the spelling conventions which I've previously encountered (i.e., second version listed above) for consistency's sake, rather than those in Learn Ga Now, where they differ.

Exercise 2.2 from Learn Ga Now:
Conversation A
► Show Spoiler
Conversation B
► Show Spoiler
Conversation C
► Show Spoiler

Exercise 2.3 from Learn Ga Now.
Thank you = Oyi wala doŋ
Your name is = Ogbɛi ji
Her name is = Egbɛi ji
My name is = Migbɛi ji
What is your name? = Te atsɛɔ bo tɛŋŋ?
Where are you from? = Nɛgbe ojɛ?
I’m from the United States. = Mi jɛ ekomefeemɔ maŋ lɛ mli. (Amerika nyo ji mi.)
You are from America. = Bo jɛ ekomefeemɔ maŋ lɛ mli. (Amerika nyo ji bo.)
I am an American. = Amerika nyo ji mi.
What about you? = Ni bo huŋ?
I am a Ghanaian. = Ghana nyo ji mi.
I was born in Accra. = Afo mi yɛ Ga.
I am = Mi jɛ
She’s my younger sister. = Mi nyɛmi yoo fio ni.
Yes. = Hɛɛ
That’s right. = Nakai ni.
Now = Bia nɛ.

Exercise 2.4 from Learn Ga Now.
1. amɛ = they
2. nyɛ = you (plural)
3. mi = I, me
4. bo = you (singular)
5. lɛ = he, she, it
6. wɔ = we


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