Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-01, 4:17

Ga language links
GaDangme Online
Ga Language Guide
Ga Introductory Course
Kasahorow Gadangme-English online dictionary
Kasahorow English-Gadangme online dictionary
Greetings in Ga
GaDangme quizlet
Ga Grammatical Sketch from 1858
Ga verb dictionary
A few audio files

Ga phrases
Miiŋa nyɛ! - for greeting a group of people
Miiŋa bo! - for greeting one person
Ojekoo - good morning
Minaokoo - good afternoon
Oshwiee - good evening
Te oyɔɔ tɛŋŋ? - how are you?
Mi yɛ ojogbaŋŋ - I am fine
Te atsɛɔ bo tɛŋŋ? - What is your name?
Nɛgbɛ bo yɔɔ? - Where are you from?
Nɛgbɛ oyaa? - Where are you going?
Miikase Ga - I am learning Ga.
Te atsɛɔ enɛ tɛŋŋ? - What do you call this?
Enyiɛ ahɔɔ enɛ? - How much does this cost?
Ayekoo! - Well done!
Oyiwala dɔŋŋ - thank you
Yaaba jogbaŋŋ - goodbye

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CcgJzlnyyA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VECQ864_MuU

edit: added resources
Last edited by Linguaphile on 2019-08-12, 1:30, edited 5 times in total.

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-01, 20:21

Colors
Etsuru (tsuru) - red
Wuɔfɔ - yellow
Eŋɔli - green
Akasesu (bluu) - blue
Eyɛŋ (yɛŋ) - white
Lamululamulu (lamulu) - gray
Ediŋ (diŋ) - black
Asrasu - brown
Truntrai - spotted

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWmORYtkwVM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mu67tvKAg6Q

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-01, 20:55

Days of the week
Ju - Monday
Jufɔ - Tuesday
Shɔɔ - Wednesday
Soo - Thursday
Sohaa - Friday
Hɔ - Saturday
Hɔgbaa - Sunday

Gbi - day
Otsi - week

Nyɛ - yesterday
Ŋmɛnɛ - today
Wɔ - tomorrow
Nyɛ gbɛkɛ - last night
Leebi neɛ - this morning
Wɔ leebi - tomorrow morning
Dani Ju daashɛ - before Monday

Quizlet of Days of the Week

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MR8Qn9-HQJw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m6oFIHIiNZk

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-03, 3:11

Yibɔi (numbers)

ekobɛ - 0
ekome - 1
enyɔ - 2
etɛ - 3
ejwɛ - 4
enumɔ - 5
ekpaa - 6
kpawo -7
kpaanyɔ - 8
nɛɛhu - 9
nyɔŋma - 10

nyɔŋma kɛ ekome - 11
nyɔŋma kɛ enyɔ - 12
nyɔŋma kɛ etɛ - 13
nyɔŋma kɛ ejwɛ - 14
nyɔŋma kɛ enumɔ - 15
nyɔŋma kɛ ekpaa - 16
nyɔŋma kɛ kpawo - 17
nyɔŋma kɛ kpaanyɔ - 18
nyɔŋma kɛ nɛɛhu - 19

nyɔŋmai enyɔ - 20
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ekome - 21
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enyɔ - 22
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ etɛ - 23
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ejwɛ - 24
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enumɔ - 25
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ekpaa - 26
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ kpawo - 27
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ kpaanyɔ - 28
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ nɛɛhu - 29

nyɔŋmai etɛ - 30
nyɔŋmai etɛ kɛ ekome - 31
nyɔŋmai etɛ kɛ enyɔ - 32

nyɔŋmai ejwɛ - 40
nyɔŋmai ejwɛ kɛ ekome - 41
nyɔŋmai ejwɛ kɛ enyɔ - 42

nyɔŋmai enumɔ - 50
nyɔŋmai ekpaa- 60
nyɔŋmai kpawo - 70
nyɔŋmai kpaanyɔ - 80
nyɔŋmai nɛɛhu - 90

oha - 100
oha kɛ ekome - 101
oha kɛ enyɔ - 102
oha kɛ nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enumɔ - 125
oha kɛ nyɔŋmai enumɔ - 150

ohai enyɔ - 200
oha enyɔ kɛ ekome - 201
oha enyɔ kɛ enyɔ - 202
oha enyɔ kɛ nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enumɔ - 225
oha enyɔ kɛ nyɔŋmai enumɔ - 250

ohai etɛ - 300
ohai ejwɛ - 400
ohai enumɔ - 500
ohai ekpaa - 600
ohai kpawo - 700
ohai kpaanyɔ - 800
ohai nɛɛhu - 900

akpe - 1000
akpei enyɔ - 2000
akpei nyɔŋma - 10,000
akpei akpe (milio) - 1,000,000

Kasahorow - Ga Numbers Zero to 20
Numbers in Ga at Omniglot

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWA2NCPVxsI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuVD-i8bnYk
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PjWD9H4sV8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=azvUrJjd1Ew
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAAUGhB-0L0

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Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby linguoboy » 2019-07-03, 15:12

SSC: I cannot look at the title of this thread without singing

Ga-Ga-Ga-Dangme
Na-Na-Na-Togo
Kwa-Kwa-O-la-la
Want your bad romance!
"Richmond is a real scholar; Owen just learns languages because he can't bear not to know what other people are saying."--Margaret Lattimore on her two sons

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-03, 21:13

Parts of the Body

gbɔmɔtso - body (gbɔmɔ=being, person; tso=tree, plank)
yitso - head
yitswɛi (yitsɔi) - hair
hiɛnaa (hinaa) - forehead
hiɛ - face
hiŋmɛi (hiɛŋmɛi)- eyes
hiŋmɛi sɛ tsɔi - eyebrow
toi - ear
gugɔŋ (gugɔ) - nose
kpai - cheek
naabu (nabu) - mouth
tsɛŋ - chin
lilɛi - tongue
nyanyɔŋ - teeth
na - lip
tɛ̃loo (tɛŋloo) - gum
kuɛ - neck
sɛ̃ - throat
kɔŋ - shoulder
nine - hand, arm
nijii - arms, hands
nineshi - wrist
ninewao (wao) - finger
ninewaobii (waobii) - fingers
waobiianaa - fingernail
gɔnti - thumb
dɛ̃ - palm
nikutso - elbow
ŋaashi - armpit
tsitsi - chest
fufɔ - breast
tsui - heart
flufla - lung
ŋmawutsei - ribs
sɛ - back
musu - stomach
mlinii - intestine
laŋmɔ - navel
dukui - buttocks
hɛ - hip
nane - leg
najii - legs
shuɔ - thigh
nakutso - knee
nantu - calf
nane-tokota - foot
nanetsitsi - heel
nanetalɔ - ankle
nanewao - toe
wui - bones

Some arm/leg pairs
nine (arm)nane (leg)
nijii (arms)najii (legs)
nikutso (elbow)nakutso (knee)
ninewao (finger)nanewao (toe)


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8-LQZGPDE0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=riqLJT602DY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sDFD0VRQqCY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OaXhMboUaHA

Linguaphile
Posts: 2096
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-04, 15:23

Months of the year

nyɔŋ - month
nyɔji - months

Aharabata - January
Oflɔ - Februrary
Otsokrikri - March
Abɛibe - April
Agbiɛnaa - May
Otukwajaŋ - June
Maawɛ - July
Manyawale - August
Gbo - September
Antɔŋ - October
Alemle - November
Afuabe - December

Yaka nyɔŋ - "unfruitful month"
In the original Ga calendar, there were 13 months. Each month was 28 days and the first month of the year was Gbo (~September). Yaka fell between Afuabe (~December) and Aharabata (~January) and was the month that was removed from the calendar when switching to the 12-month system.

Information about Ga months and the original Ga-Dangme calendar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gr4q5dItOo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AwVtOYHUG7s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZ5uueK2npQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2XJQrV3ezw

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-06, 1:02

Fruits and Vegetables

adɔŋŋ (adodɔŋŋ) - hog plum, jobo, yellow mombin (Spondias mombin)
alasa - African star apple (Chrysophyllum africanum)
kufũ - white star apple Chrysophyllum albidumũ
aluguntugüŋ - soursop, guanabana (Annona muricata)
jawie - sweetsop, sugar apple (Synsepalum dulcificum)
amugui - African cherry (Flacourtia flavenscens)
yɔɔyi - black velvet tamarind (Dialium guineense)
ataŋme - tigernut (Cyperus esculentus)
afaseo - purple yam (Dioscorea alata)
taami - miracle berry (Synsepalum dulcificum)
ayigbe - ackee (Blighia sapida)
shɔ - black plum, chokeberry (Vitex doniana)

abele - corn
eŋmɔmi - okra
paya - avocado
shɛ - sugar cane
sabolai - onion
duade - cassava
amaŋkani - taro
yɛlɛ - yam
atomo - potato
kakaotsofa - ginger
shitɔ - pepper
atéá - cashew
tɛɛrɛ - cola nut
ŋme - palm nut
zomi - palm oil
nkatie - peanut

niyenii - food
aduawai - fruits
akwadu - banana
amadaa - plantain
tatale - plantain cake
abonua - lemon
kpɛtɛ - lime
akutu - orange
akokooshi - coconut
blɔfoŋme - pineapple
akpakpa - papaya
goa - guava
maŋo - mango
pɛya - pear
waatɛrɛ - watermelon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7Q7zhemGeg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QYxBJaZlxQ

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-06, 16:37

Animals

aduŋ - monkey
shwuɔ - elephant
nuŋshwuɔ - hippopotamus
mlaŋtswi - leopard
jata - lion
klaŋ - wolf
klaŋ-odiŋmlɛmi - hyena
osɔ - fox
ofrote - deer
shadebua - hedgehog
sɔne - squirrel
obishi - rat
kwakwe - mouse

akpokplonto - tortoise
baa - crocodile
odaakɛlɛo - lizard
onufu - snake
jeŋ - python

nyɔŋmɔŋ-klaklo - scorpion
anaanu - spider
wobi - bee
ashagba - wasp
abɛi - butterfly
tɔŋtɔŋ - mosquito
baalabi - locust
tsatsu - ant
adɔdɔŋ - fly
ofɔi - tsetse fly
kaklaka (kakalika) - cockroach
ŋkpuluka - bedbug

loofɔji - birds
kwaakwaalabite - crow
okpo - dove
aflimata - sparrow
nyɔŋmɔbi-tɛte - swallow
akroma - hawk
okroŋpɔŋ - eagle
akpaŋa - vulture
dɔkɔdɔkɔ - duck

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-07, 17:25

Domestic Animals

kooloi - animals
shĩaŋ kooloi (shĩa mli kooloi) - domestic animals
alɔnte - cat
abotia - goat
gbee - dog
kpɛnkpɛne (kpɛŋkpɛle) - rabbit, hare
kwakwe - mouse
kpolotoo - pig
kpolotoobi - piglet
okpɔŋɔ - horse
afukpɔŋɔ - camel
too gwantɛŋ - sheep, ram
toobi (too gwantɛŋbi) - lamb
tsina - cow
tsina nuu - bull
teji - donkey
wuɔ - hen, chicken
wuɔbi - chick
wuɔ nuu - rooster
dɔkɔdɔkɔ - duck
ansaŋ - guinea fowl
akoo - parrot
tiitra - canary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PMJNuFdTxaU

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-08, 15:07

Fish and Sea Creatures

numli kooloi - sea creatures
kooloi - animals
nuŋloo - fish
odaa - tuna
samaŋ - salmon
emule - mackerel scad
jaase - horse mackerel
saflo - shark mackerel
maŋ - herring
didɛibaa - sole
abɔbi - anchovies
maji abii - tiny anchovies
antɛle - moon fish
didɛi - tilapia
jiji - electric ray
tantara - sting ray
ŋshɔŋ onufu - eel
ŋwaŋwajaŋ - ribbon fish
ablekui: moray eel
tsile - red snapper
ŋoŋo mli loo - shellfish
kakadiamaa - octopus
adɔde - oyster
alaŋmai - sand crab
kaa - sea crab
ŋaa - river crab
ŋshɔŋ waa - sea snail
ŋaatseŋtseŋ (ŋaakpaakpaa) - lobster
sɔŋ - shrimp, prawn
ajwɛŋ - mudfish
tsaflɔbi - shark
ogboole - hammerhead shark


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yb24Ndz4GXE

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-09, 14:12

Mei bei ni afɔ bo? which day where you born?
Linguaphile wrote:Days of the week
Ju - Monday
Jufɔ - Tuesday
Shɔɔ - Wednesday
Soo - Thursday
Sohaa - Friday
Hɔ - Saturday
Hɔgbaa - Sunday


Gbi gbɛii (Ga day-of-birth names)
For a person born on a Monday [Ju]: Kojo (male) / Ajua (female)
For a person born on a Tuesday [Jufɔ]: Kɔblã (male) / Ablã (female)
For a person born on a Wednesday [Shɔɔ]: Kwaku (male) / Akua (female)
For a person born on a Thursday [Soo]: Kwao (male) / Aba (female)
For a person born on a Friday [Sohaa]: Kofi (male) / Afua (female)
For a person born on a Saturday [Hɔ]: Kwami (male) / Ama (female)
For a person born on a Sunday [Hɔgbaa]: Kwashi (male) / Akoshia (female)

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-24, 2:19

Subject pronouns (prefixed)
1s mi-
2s o-
3s e-
1p wɔ-
2p nyɛ-
3p amɛ-

Object pronouns
1s mi
2s bo
3s lɛ (for non-human: nul)
1p wɔ
2p nyɛ
3p amɛ

Examples (sentences which have both subject and object pronouns):
Mina bo yɛ dzɛmɛ. = I saw you (singular) there.
Wɔna bo yɛ dzɛmɛ. = We saw you (singular) there.
Wɔna nyɛ yɛ dzɛmɛ. = We saw all of you (plural) there.
Ona wɔ yɛ dzɛmɛ. = You (singular) saw us there.
Ena mi yɛ dzɛmɛ. = He saw me there.
Wɔna amɛ yɛ dzɛmɛ. = We saw them there.
Mile lɛ. I know him.
Mileee lɛ. = I don't know him.
Mileee amɛ. = I don't know them.
Wɔleee amɛ. = We don't know them.
Misumɔɔ bo. = I love you (singular).
Misumɔɔ nyɛ. = I love you (plural).
Misumɔɔɔ lɛ. = I don't love him.
Osumɔɔ mi. = You (singular) love me.
Osumɔɔɔ amɛ. = You don't love them.
Mitsɔɔŋ bo. = I teach you (singular).
Mitsɔɔŋ nyɛ. = I teach you (plural).
Otsɔɔŋ mi. = You (singular) teach me.
Amɛtsɔɔŋ wɔ. = They teach us.
Etsɔɔŋ amɛ. = He teaches them.
Miiŋa nyɛ. = I'm greeting you (plural).
Miiŋa bo. = I'm greeting you (singular).

Linguaphile
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Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-08-06, 15:32

Examples using subject and object pronouns with names; the verb tsɛ; how to ask what someone or something is called

gbɛi = name
Gbɛi kpakpa hi fe shika = a good name is better than riches
    gbɛi = name
    kpakpa = good
    hi = stay
    fe = better; better than
    shika = riches, money, luxury
tsɛ = to call, to name
    Mitsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = I call the child. (gbekɛ = child, boy)
    Otsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = you (singular) call the child.
    Etsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = he/she calls the child.
    Wɔtsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = we call the child.
    Nyɛtsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = you (plural) call the child.
    Amɛtsɛ gbekɛ lɛ = they call the child.
    Mitsɛ nyɛ = I call you
    Mitsɛ lɛ = I call him/her
    Otsɛ mi = you call me
Te atsɛɔ bo tɛŋŋ? = what is your name? (what are you called?)
Atsɛɔ mi... = my name is... (call me...)
Atsɛɔ mi Akua = my name is Akua (call me Akua)
Ofainɛ, atsɛɔ mi Akua = Please call me Akua.

Mɛni ji ogbɛi? = what is your name?
Ofainɛ, mɛni ji ogbɛi? = please, what is your name?
Migbɛi ji... = my name is...
Migbɛi ji Kofi = my name is Kofi.

Te atsɛɔ nakai nuu lɛ tɛŋŋ? = what is that man's name? (what is that man called?)
Atsɛɔ Iɛ Sowa. = His name is Sowa (they call him Sowa)

Nyɛbia Iɛ egbɛi! = Ask him his name!
Miyabi Iɛ egbɛi. = I went and asked him his name.
Abi Iɛ egbɛi. = He was asked his name.

Use the verb tsɛ (te atsɛɔ...tɛŋŋ?) when asking a person's name or asking the word for a noun or noun phrase; use the verb (te akɛɔ akɛ...tɛŋŋ?) when asking how to say anything that is not a noun:

Te atsɛɔ enɛ tɛŋŋ? - What do you call this [thing]?
Te atsɛɔ...yɛ Ga mli tɛŋŋ? = how do you say...in Ga? (what is...called in Ga?) [for nouns]
Te atsɛɔ "cat" yɛ Ga mli tɛŋŋ? = how do you say "cat" in Ga?
Te atsɛɔ...tɛŋŋ? = how do you say...? (what is...called?)
Atsɛɔ lɛ... = it is called...
Atsɛɔ lɛ "alɔnte" = it is called "alɔnte".

Te akɛɔ akɛ...yɛ Ga mli tɛŋŋ? = how do you say...in Ga? (how is...said in Ga?) [for words/phrases other than nouns]
Te akɛɔ akɛ "thank you" yɛ Ga mli tɛŋŋ? = how is "thank you" said in Ga?
Te akɛɔ akɛ...tɛŋŋ? = how is... said?
Te akɛɔ...tɛŋŋ? = how is... said?
Akɛɔ akɛ... = it is said...
Akɛɔ akɛ "oyiwala dɔŋŋ" = it is said "oyiwala dɔŋŋ".

Verbs
tsɛ = to call, to name
    Present/past tense: tsɛ call
    Progressive tense: ŋtsɛ calling
    Negative: tɛee not calling
    Future: baatsɛ will call
    (Atsɛɔ: to be called)
bi = to ask
    Present/past tense: bi ask
    Progressive tense: ŋbi asking
    Negative: biee not asking
    Future: baabi will ask
    (Abi: to be asked)
    (Nyɛbi: ask! 2p imperative)
    (Miyabi: I went and asked)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lhxdyh17gMU
Video has the following phrases:
    Te atsɛɔ bo tɛŋŋ? = what is your name?
    Atsɛɔ mi.... = my name is....
    Atsɛɔ mi Ndukwi. = my name is Ndukwi
    Mɛni ji ogbɛi? = what is your name?
    Migbɛi ji... = my name is...

Linguaphile
Posts: 2096
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-08-12, 1:22

For comparison: Dangme (Dangbe, Adangme) is closely related to Ga, sometimes even considered a variety of the same language, but has some different vocabulary as well as grammatical differences.

Dangme language links
Wikiversity: Dangme
Learn Dangme (blogspot)
A Dangme course on Memrise
Greetings in Dangme
Dangme phonology

Dangme phrases
I nga mo - good morning
I haa mo - good afternoon
I taa mo ama - good evening
Kɛ o ngɛ kɛɛ? - how are you?
I ngɛ saminya - I am fine
Kɛ atsɛɛ mo kɛɛ - What is your name?
Jije o je? - Where are you from?
Jije o yaa? - Where are you going?
Enyeme? - How much?
Mo tsumi - thank you
Yaaba - goodbye



What is your name?
GaTeatsɛɔbotɛŋŋ?
Dangmeatsɛɛmokɛɛ?
meaninghowis calledyouhow?

Linguaphile
Posts: 2096
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-08-15, 3:18

Ga and Dangme - comparisons
EnglishGaDangme
eyehiŋmɛihugme
eartoitue
handninenine
legnanenane
redtsurutsutsu
yellowwuɔfɔkuŋwɔzɔ
blackdiŋyumu
whiteyɛŋfuta
greylamululazu
MondayJuHɔɛgbi
TuesdayJufɔPɛplɛgbi
WednesdayShɔɔ
ThursdaySooSo
FridaySohaaSoha
Saturday
SundayHɔgbaaHɔgba
pigkpolotookpotoo
goatabotiaapletsi
horseokpɔŋɔokpɔŋɔ
doggbeegbe
doveokpoagbaa
lionjatajata
elephantshwuɔsuɔ


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