Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-01, 4:17

I couldn't find any threads with resources for the Ga language of Ghana, so I am starting one here. (If there is already a thread for it, please post a link; I didn't see one, but since it's not possible to search for words with only two letters on this forum, it's difficult to search this forum for "Ga"! I may have missed something.)

Ga language links
GaDangme Online
Ga Language Guide
Ga Introductory Course
Greetings in Ga
GaDangme quizlet
Ga Grammatical Sketch from 1858
A few audio files

Phrases
Miiŋa nyɛ! - for greeting a group of people
Miiŋa bo! - for greeting one person
Ojekoo - good morning
Minaokoo - good afternoon
Oshwiee - good evening
Te oyɔɔ tɛŋŋ? - how are you?
Mi yɛ ojogbaŋŋ - I am fine
Te atsɛɔ bo tɛŋŋ? - What is your name?
Nɛgbɛ bo yɔɔ? - Where are you from?
Nɛgbɛ oyaa? - Where are you going?
Miikase Ga - I am learning Ga.
Te atsɛɔ enɛ tɛŋŋ? - What do you call this?
Enyiɛ ahɔɔ enɛ? - How much does this cost?
Ayekoo! - Well done!
Oyiwala dɔŋŋ - thank you
Yaaba jogbaŋŋ - goodbye

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CcgJzlnyyA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VECQ864_MuU

edit: added resources
Last edited by Linguaphile on 2019-07-06, 1:28, edited 3 times in total.

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-01, 20:21

Colors
Etsuru (tsuru) - red
Wuɔfɔ - yellow
Eŋɔli - green
Akasesu (bluu) - blue
Eyɛŋ (yɛŋ) - white
Lamululamulu (lamulu) - gray
Ediŋ (diŋ) - black
Asrasu - brown
Truntrai - spotted

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWmORYtkwVM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mu67tvKAg6Q

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-01, 20:55

Days of the week
Ju - Monday
Jufɔ - Tuesday
Shɔɔ - Wednesday
Soo - Thursday
Sohaa - Friday
Hɔ - Saturday
Hɔgbaa - Sunday

Gbi - day
Otsi - week

Nyɛ - yesterday
Ŋmɛnɛ - today
Wɔ - tomorrow
Nyɛ gbɛkɛ - last night
Leebi neɛ - this morning
Wɔ leebi - tomorrow morning
Dani Ju daashɛ - before Monday

Quizlet of Days of the Week

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MR8Qn9-HQJw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m6oFIHIiNZk

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-03, 3:11

Yibɔi (numbers)

ekobɛ - 0
ekome - 1
enyɔ - 2
etɛ - 3
ejwɛ - 4
enumɔ - 5
ekpaa - 6
kpawo -7
kpaanyɔ - 8
nɛɛhu - 9
nyɔŋma - 10

nyɔŋma kɛ ekome - 11
nyɔŋma kɛ enyɔ - 12
nyɔŋma kɛ etɛ - 13
nyɔŋma kɛ ejwɛ - 14
nyɔŋma kɛ enumɔ - 15
nyɔŋma kɛ ekpaa - 16
nyɔŋma kɛ kpawo - 17
nyɔŋma kɛ kpaanyɔ - 18
nyɔŋma kɛ nɛɛhu - 19

nyɔŋmai enyɔ - 20
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ekome - 21
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enyɔ - 22
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ etɛ - 23
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ejwɛ - 24
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enumɔ - 25
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ ekpaa - 26
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ kpawo - 27
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ kpaanyɔ - 28
nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ nɛɛhu - 29

nyɔŋmai etɛ - 30
nyɔŋmai etɛ kɛ ekome - 31
nyɔŋmai etɛ kɛ enyɔ - 32

nyɔŋmai ejwɛ - 40
nyɔŋmai ejwɛ kɛ ekome - 41
nyɔŋmai ejwɛ kɛ enyɔ - 42

nyɔŋmai enumɔ - 50
nyɔŋmai ekpaa- 60
nyɔŋmai kpawo - 70
nyɔŋmai kpaanyɔ - 80
nyɔŋmai nɛɛhu - 90

oha - 100
oha kɛ ekome - 101
oha kɛ enyɔ - 102
oha kɛ nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enumɔ - 125
oha kɛ nyɔŋmai enumɔ - 150

ohai enyɔ - 200
oha enyɔ kɛ ekome - 201
oha enyɔ kɛ enyɔ - 202
oha enyɔ kɛ nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ enumɔ - 225
oha enyɔ kɛ nyɔŋmai enumɔ - 250

ohai etɛ - 300
ohai ejwɛ - 400
ohai enumɔ - 500
ohai ekpaa - 600
ohai kpawo - 700
ohai kpaanyɔ - 800
ohai nɛɛhu - 900

akpe - 1000
akpei enyɔ - 2000
akpei nyɔŋma - 10,000
akpei akpe (milio) - 1,000,000

Kasahorow - Ga Numbers Zero to 20
Numbers in Ga at Omniglot

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWA2NCPVxsI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuVD-i8bnYk
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PjWD9H4sV8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=azvUrJjd1Ew
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAAUGhB-0L0

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Re: Ga (Gã, Ga-Dangme) language resources

Postby linguoboy » 2019-07-03, 15:12

SSC: I cannot look at the title of this thread without singing

Ga-Ga-Ga-Dangme
Na-Na-Na-Togo
Kwa-Kwa-O-la-la
Want your bad romance!
"Richmond is a real scholar; Owen just learns languages because he can't bear not to know what other people are saying."--Margaret Lattimore on her two sons

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-03, 21:13

Parts of the Body

gbɔmɔtso - body (gbɔmɔ=being, person; tso=tree, plank)
yitso - head
yitswɛi (yitsɔi) - hair
hiɛnaa (hinaa) - forehead
hiɛ - face
hiŋmɛi (hiɛŋmɛi)- eyes
hiŋmɛi sɛ tsɔi - eyebrow
toi - ear
gugɔŋ (gugɔ) - nose
kpai - cheek
naabu (nabu) - mouth
tsɛŋ - chin
lilɛi - tongue
nyanyɔŋ - teeth
na - lip
tɛ̃loo (tɛŋloo) - gum
kuɛ - neck
sɛ̃ - throat
kɔŋ - shoulder
nine - hand, arm
nijii - arms, hands
nineshi - wrist
ninewao (wao) - finger
ninewaobii (waobii) - fingers
waobiianaa - fingernail
gɔnti - thumb
dɛ̃ - palm
nikutso - elbow
ŋaashi - armpit
tsitsi - chest
fufɔ - breast
tsui - heart
flufla - lung
ŋmawutsei - ribs
sɛ - back
musu - stomach
mlinii - intestine
laŋmɔ - navel
dukui - buttocks
hɛ - hip
nane - leg
najii - legs
shuɔ - thigh
nakutso - knee
nantu - calf
nane-tokota - foot
nanetsitsi - heel
nanetalɔ - ankle
nanewao - toe
wui - bones

Some arm/leg pairs
nine (arm)nane (leg)
nijii (arms)najii (legs)
nikutso (elbow)nakutso (knee)
ninewao (finger)nanewao (toe)


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8-LQZGPDE0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=riqLJT602DY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sDFD0VRQqCY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OaXhMboUaHA

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-04, 15:23

Months of the year

nyɔŋ - month
nyɔji - months

Aharabata - January
Oflɔ - Februrary
Otsokrikri - March
Abɛibe - April
Agbiɛnaa - May
Otukwajaŋ - June
Maawɛ - July
Manyawale - August
Gbo - September
Antɔŋ - October
Alemle - November
Afuabe - December

Yaka nyɔŋ - "unfruitful month"
In the original Ga calendar, there were 13 months. Each month was 28 days and the first month of the year was Gbo (~September). Yaka fell between Afuabe (~December) and Aharabata (~January) and was the month that was removed from the calendar when switching to the 12-month system.

Information about Ga months and the original Ga-Dangme calendar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gr4q5dItOo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AwVtOYHUG7s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZ5uueK2npQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2XJQrV3ezw

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-06, 1:02

Fruits and Vegetables

adɔŋŋ (adodɔŋŋ) - hog plum, jobo, yellow mombin (Spondias mombin)
alasa - African star apple (Chrysophyllum africanum)
kufũ - white star apple Chrysophyllum albidumũ
aluguntugüŋ - soursop, guanabana (Annona muricata)
jawie - sweetsop, sugar apple (Synsepalum dulcificum)
amugui - African cherry (Flacourtia flavenscens)
yɔɔyi - black velvet tamarind (Dialium guineense)
ataŋme - tigernut (Cyperus esculentus)
afaseo - purple yam (Dioscorea alata)
taami - miracle berry (Synsepalum dulcificum)
ayigbe - ackee (Blighia sapida)
shɔ - black plum, chokeberry (Vitex doniana)

abele - corn
eŋmɔmi - okra
paya - avocado
shɛ - sugar cane
sabolai - onion
duade - cassava
amaŋkani - taro
yɛlɛ - yam
atomo - potato
kakaotsofa - ginger
shitɔ - pepper
atéá - cashew
tɛɛrɛ - cola nut
ŋme - palm nut
zomi - palm oil
nkatie - peanut

niyenii - food
aduawai - fruits
akwadu - banana
amadaa - plantain
tatale - plantain cake
abonua - lemon
kpɛtɛ - lime
akutu - orange
akokooshi - coconut
blɔfoŋme - pineapple
akpakpa - papaya
goa - guava
maŋo - mango
pɛya - pear
waatɛrɛ - watermelon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7Q7zhemGeg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QYxBJaZlxQ

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-06, 16:37

Animals

aduŋ - monkey
shwuɔ - elephant
nuŋshwuɔ - hippopotamus
mlaŋtswi - leopard
jata - lion
klaŋ - wolf
klaŋ-odiŋmlɛmi - hyena
osɔ - fox
ofrote - deer
shadebua - hedgehog
sɔne - squirrel
obishi - rat
kwakwe - mouse

akpokplonto - tortoise
baa - crocodile
odaakɛlɛo - lizard
onufu - snake
jeŋ - python

nyɔŋmɔŋ-klaklo - scorpion
anaanu - spider
wobi - bee
ashagba - wasp
abɛi - butterfly
tɔŋtɔŋ - mosquito
baalabi - locust
tsatsu - ant
adɔdɔŋ - fly
ofɔi - tsetse fly
kaklaka (kakalika) - cockroach
ŋkpuluka - bedbug

loofɔji - birds
kwaakwaalabite - crow
okpo - dove
aflimata - sparrow
nyɔŋmɔbi-tɛte - swallow
akroma - hawk
okroŋpɔŋ - eagle
akpaŋa - vulture
dɔkɔdɔkɔ - duck

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-07, 17:25

Domestic Animals

kooloi - animals
shĩaŋ kooloi (shĩa mli kooloi) - domestic animals
alɔnte - cat
abotia - goat
gbee - dog
kpɛnkpɛne (kpɛŋkpɛle) - rabbit, hare
kwakwe - mouse
kpolotoo - pig
kpolotoobi - piglet
okpɔŋɔ - horse
afukpɔŋɔ - camel
too gwantɛŋ - sheep, ram
toobi (too gwantɛŋbi) - lamb
tsina - cow
tsina nuu - bull
teji - donkey
wuɔ - hen, chicken
wuɔbi - chick
wuɔ nuu - rooster
dɔkɔdɔkɔ - duck
ansaŋ - guinea fowl
akoo - parrot
tiitra - canary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PMJNuFdTxaU

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-08, 15:07

Fish and Sea Creatures

numli kooloi - sea creatures
kooloi - animals
nuŋloo - fish
odaa - tuna
samaŋ - salmon
emule - mackerel scad
jaase - horse mackerel
saflo - shark mackerel
maŋ - herring
didɛibaa - sole
abɔbi - anchovies
maji abii - tiny anchovies
antɛle - moon fish
didɛi - tilapia
jiji - electric ray
tantara - sting ray
ŋshɔŋ onufu - eel
ŋwaŋwajaŋ - ribbon fish
ablekui: moray eel
tsile - red snapper
ŋoŋo mli loo - shellfish
kakadiamaa - octopus
adɔde - oyster
alaŋmai - sand crab
kaa - sea crab
ŋaa - river crab
ŋshɔŋ waa - sea snail
ŋaatseŋtseŋ (ŋaakpaakpaa) - lobster
sɔŋ - shrimp, prawn
ajwɛŋ - mudfish
tsaflɔbi - shark
ogboole - hammerhead shark


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yb24Ndz4GXE

Linguaphile
Posts: 2003
Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Ga language resources (Ga-Dangme, Gã)

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-07-09, 14:12

Linguaphile wrote:Days of the week
Ju - Monday
Jufɔ - Tuesday
Shɔɔ - Wednesday
Soo - Thursday
Sohaa - Friday
Hɔ - Saturday
Hɔgbaa - Sunday


Mei bei ni afɔ bo? which day where you born?

Gbi gbɛii (Ga day-of-birth names)
For a person born on a Monday [Ju]: Kojo (male) / Ajua (female)
For a person born on a Tuesday [Jufɔ]: Kɔblã (male) / Ablã (female)
For a person born on a Wednesday [Shɔɔ]: Kwaku (male) / Akua (female)
For a person born on a Thursday [Soo]: Kwao (male) / Aba (female)
For a person born on a Friday [Sohaa]: Kofi (male) / Afua (female)
For a person born on a Saturday [Hɔ]: Kwami (male) / Ama (female)
For a person born on a Sunday [Hɔgbaa]: Kwashi (male) / Akoshia (female)


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