ciaran1212 wrote:Firstly, what does "ea" mean and when is it used? I've seen it used mostly in places I'd put "é", like "Is ea..." and such. Sorry I can't think of any examples.
ciaran1212 wrote:Secondly, what does the "~s" on the end of verb forms like "bhíos"mean and when is it used?
ciaran1212 wrote:Ok, so they're both just dialectal things? Thanks.
linguoboy wrote:ciaran1212 wrote:Ok, so they're both just dialectal things? Thanks.
I wouldn't say ea is "dialectal". It's absolutely found in CO, just not as widely as in Munster.
Bhíos, on the other hand, is dialectal insofar as the synthetic past is rare in the Standard language (with the exception of the first-person plural), as are relative forms with final -s, if I'm not mistaken. (I'm less sure on that point since I don't use them.)
ciaran1212 wrote:I'm not entirely sure what kind of patchwork-quilt of a dialect I've cobbled together, but I would only use "ea" in the phases " 's ea" and "ní hea", although I see at around a lot, which would make sense if, as you say, it is used frequently in CO. are there any rules pertaining to how it's used in CO?
ciaran1212 wrote:And as for "bhíos", I'd never use it, and indeed I wasn't sure what it really meant until you told me. Would I be right in thinking I can avoid using it entirely?
ciaran1212 wrote:As for synthetic forms in CO, again I'm clearly no expert, but I use "táim" quite a lot as well, so for me it's not just first person plural. I tend to distinguish between "táim" and "tá mé" as I would between "I'm" and "I am" in English.
ciaran1212 wrote:Ok, this "ea" is quite interesting. It seems like there are quite a few usages of, but the main to I can get my head around at the moment are 1. As an "it is/isn't" answer to an "An...é/í?" question. I also saw an example that gave "..., nach ea?" at the end of a statement for confirmation, but I always use "..., nach é/í?" - is that wrong?
ciaran1212 wrote:The second thing I thing I understand is that it can be used as an alternate copula formula - "(noun) is ea é/í" = "Is (noun) é/í". Is that right? Also, as a matter of philological interest, why in that construction is "é/í" still necessary if "ea" is a neuter pronoun? Would it mean "It he/she is a (noun)"?
linguoboy wrote: And in Irish, it is frequently the case that pronouns get repeated in copular statements, e.g. "Is é an Taoiseach é." (I think Ó Siadhail might have an explanation for how this originated; I'll have a look.)
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