OK, I guess there isn't a whole lot to review here anyway, but I might as well review whatever I have posted here anyway (all in IPA, but with punctuation).
good day = [ˈmaɻi ˈmaɻi]
ten = [ˈmaɻi]
earth, land = [ˈmapu]
people = [tʃe]
language = [θuˈŋun]
how = [tʃum]
-ing = -[le]
you = [ˈejmi]
both of you = [ˈejmu]
y'all = [ejˈmɨ̃n]
good = [kɨ̃ˈmẽn]
How are you/both of you/y'all? = [tʃumˈlejmi]/[tʃumˈlejmu]/[tʃumlejˈmɨ̃n]?
Are you OK now? = [kɨ̃melkaˈlejmi]?
I'm fine = [kɨ̃meˈlẽn]
(How about) you? = [ˈejmi] ([kaj])?
"interrogative form to ask about something already said" = [kaj]
I/me = [ˈĩɲtʃe]
also/too = [kaˈfej]
or just [ka]
Me, too = [ˈĩɲtʃe kaˈfej]
I'm fine, too = ([ˈĩɲtʃe]) [ka kɨ̃melkaˈlẽn]
Man's (figurative, or perhaps literal) brother = [ˈpẽɲi]
Any other (figurative, or perhaps literal) sibling = [lãmˈŋjẽn]
(in some dialects, [lãˈmwẽn]
, and according to the Wikibook, [lãmˈŋẽn]
Night (or evening?) = [pun̪]
yes, good, etc.
Good evening/night = [pun̪ maj]
what = [tʃẽm]
to say = [pĩn]
you say/said = [ˈpĩmi]
What did you say? = [tʃẽm ˈpĩmi]
OK = [feˈlej]
OK, so apparently, [ˈĩɲtʃe ɲi ɨj ta] means 'my name is'. [ɨj] clearly means 'name', but I don't understand what [ɲi] or [ta] means.
Ah, so [ɲi] in Mapudungun is a possessive pronoun that's used both for 1SG and for 3rd person! That's interesting.
So I guess [ˈĩɲtʃe ɲi] specifies that the meaning is 'my'. Now what's [ta]?
Oh OK, the blog explains it
. It's used to connect nouns predicatively; the verb for 'to be' is apparently not used for that purpose, at least in simple sentences...Huh.
This language is suddenly getting pretty intriguing!
But anyway, there we go: [ˈĩɲtʃe ɲi ɨj ta].
And then [ĩˈnej pĩˈŋejmi ãm] means 'what's your name?'. [ĩˈnej] or [ĩˈɲej] means 'who'; [pĩˈŋejmi] literally means 'you are called' or 'it is said [to you]' but in this case means 'you are named'. [ãm] is apparently an interrogative particle.
Finally, one more way to say 'my name is' is [ˈĩɲtʃe ta]...[pĩˈŋẽn], i.e. "I am called..."
To review that new vocab:
What's your name? = [ĩˈnej pĩˈŋejmi ãm]?
who = [ĩˈnej]
you're called/it's said to you = [pĩˈŋejmi]
My name is = [ˈĩɲtʃe ɲi ɨj ta]
my/his/her/its/their = [ɲi]
my = [ˈĩɲtʃe ɲi]
name = [ɨj]
(particle for connecting nouns in predicate) = [ta]I
am called = [ˈĩɲtʃe ta]...[pĩˈŋẽn]
I'm called (or 'it's said to me'?) = [pĩˈŋẽn]