What does "-tl" mean?

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Zewu
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What does "-tl" mean?

Postby Zewu » 2010-03-09, 17:34

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Last edited by Zewu on 2011-11-01, 22:30, edited 1 time in total.

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IvoCarog
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Re: What does "-tl" mean?

Postby IvoCarog » 2010-03-09, 19:18

Zewu wrote:What does "-tl" mean in Nahuatl? It seems to me that this suffix appears in very many Nahuatl words, often combined with "a" to form "-atl". I'm very curious as to the meaning of it.


Well...I'm no specialist in Nahuatl but as far as I know (remember) nouns in Nahuatl can be either possessed or absolutive (when they are standing on their own), there are specific endings for both forms.
So when the noun is standing on its own (it's in the absolutive form) - it receives the ending "-tl" (if it ends in a vowel) or "-tli" (if it ends in a consonant).
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linguoboy
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Re: What does "-tl" mean?

Postby linguoboy » 2010-03-09, 19:36

IvoCarog wrote:So when the noun is standing on its own (it's in the absolutive form) - it receives the ending "-tl" (if it ends in a vowel) or "-tli" (if it ends in a consonant).

Except after /l/, in which case it assimilates, e.g. tamal- + -tli = tamalli "tamale", cal- + -tli = calli "house", etc.
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Mizton
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Re: What does "-tl" mean?

Postby Mizton » 2010-03-19, 18:30

Indeed, Nahuatl nouns can have the absolutive endings TL, TLI, or LI, and some other nouns end with NI, QUI/QUE, IN... And finally there are some rarities, like Chichi (dog) :)
Tlazohtlaliztli tlacuiloa ica miac tlapalli


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