Arapaho Mini-Lessons

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Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2010-12-18, 20:25

Ok, this is based on Struth's great idea of 'Sentence of the Week.' I just decided to rename it 'Mini-Lessons' for the hell of it. :twisted:

I'm not going to go over pronunciation at this point (which might seem strange, but I want to see what activity level we get first). If you guys want a pronunciation guide just let me know! :wink:

The lay-out of this should be pretty self-explanatory, but just in case:
I'll post a sentence with a (literal) gloss of the sentence in English. And I might post some notes if I feel it necessary.

For the first few sentences we’ll start looking at some common items.

Núhu’ wo3ónohóe.
This paper/book.
(This is a piece of paper/This is a book.)

In this case the word wo3onóhóe means both ’paper’ or ’book.’
Notice also that there is no ’is’ in the sentence.

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2010-12-23, 23:19

We’ll expand our word-list this time:

Núhu’ 3í’okúutóo noh hínee bííxúút.
This chair and that shirt.
(This is a chair and that is a shirt.)

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2011-01-01, 21:20

We'll switch gears this time and work on a verb form:
nenééninoo
it is-I

This form also functions as a first person singular pronoun in Arapaho, as there are no true pronouns.
Thus the sentence can mean:
It is me. (or) It is I.
I, me (pronouns)

[The stem of the verb (nééni-) means 'it is it']

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2011-01-07, 20:50

A week's gone by already! Ok then:

nenéénin
it is-you

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2011-01-14, 16:06

nenéénit
it is-he/she/it

Note that Arapaho does not destiguish between third person forms, -t means he, she or it.

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2011-01-22, 20:57

nenééni
it is-we (exclusive)

That is, me and him/her, not me and you.

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2011-01-30, 14:37

nenéénino’
it is-we (I and you)

This is the inclusive ’we’

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2011-02-06, 20:25

Think I'll do the same thing I did with the Mohawk Mini-lessons this week.
We'll review the pronominal suffixes we've gone over so far:
-noo 1st person sing.
-n 2nd person sing.
-t 3rd person sing (he/she/it)
-’ 1st person plural exclusive (I-He/She)
-no’ 1st person plural inclusive (I-You)

Those of you following both lesson sets will be happy to note that Arapaho pronominal suffixes do not change form based on the stem they are attached to. In other words the form -noo (for the first person singular) doesn’t change no matter what verb you put it on.

And feel free to ask questions anytime you have any! :wink:

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2011-02-20, 12:08

I was thinking of stopping the Arapaho lessons, but I'm still fiddling around with Arapaho, so why not keep them going! 8-)

We're changing tenses this time, look closely at the following three verbs:
tenéi’éíhin
to be strong-you

nihtéi’éíhin
PAST-strong-you

heetéi’éíhin
FUT-strong-you

Note the changes in the stem.

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2011-03-01, 22:03

I know, I’m a few days late!
We’ll use a different stem this time to show the other major stem change.
Look at the following:

bee’ee
to be red-it

nihbe’ee
PAST-to be red-it

heetbe’ee
FUT-to be red-it

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Re: Arapaho Mini-Lessons

Postby księżycowy » 2011-03-05, 19:48

Yeah, so we’re getting close to the limit of my knowledge of Arapaho here, so these lessons are going on hiatus for a while. Sorry guys! :(
Fear not though, for they will be back!
Just don’t know when . . .


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