(I'll be using the latin script through-out, IPA inside the '/'s)
a /a/ - 'a' as in 'father'
aa /a:/ - longer version of 'a'
i /i/ - 'i' as in 'machine' (Short i is sometimes realized as [e] or [ɛ])
ii /i:/ - longer version of 'i'
u /u/ - 'u' as in 'pull' (Short u is sometimes realized as [o] or [ɔ])
uu /u:/ - longer version of 'u'
p /p/ - 'p' as in 'pear'
s /s/ - 's' as in 'side'
t /t/ - 't' as in 'tear'
k /k/ - 'k' as in 'kite'
q /q/ - a deeper version of 'k' (similar to Yup'ik 'q')
l /l/ - 'l' as in 'ladder'
ł /ł/ - Similar to Tibetan 'lh' or Welsh 'll'
v /v/ - 'v' as in 'vase'
j /j/ - 'y' as in 'yes' (not 'j' as in 'jeep')
g /g/ - 'g' as in 'gear' (not 'g' as in 'gentle')
r /G/ - like the French 'r' in 'Paris' (Similar to Yup'ik 'g')
m /m/ - 'm' as in 'mother'
n /n/ - 'n' as in 'Inuit'
ng /ŋ/ - 'ng' as in 'sing' (not 'ng' as in 'finger')
[I'm using underlining for ng = 'ng' in 'sing' to distinguish it from 'ng' = n+g]
(These pronunciation notes are approximate, and could even be wrong [though I'm fairly confident they're good enough], as the Inuktitut texts don't really go over pronunciation that well )
Most nouns end in a vowel or the consonants k, q, or t/ti (most nouns that end in 't' really end in 'ti' but the final 'i' is dropped)
anaana - mother
qukiuti - gun
siiqquq - knee
-qaq- is a suffix added to the base of the noun to indicate that the noun is 'had' by some thing.
In other words -qaq- = have.
niqi + qaq --> niqiqaq - to have meat
qukiuti + qaq --> to have a gun
Usually personal ending are added to this and other suffixes. They are as following:
The 'j' at the beginning of these endings is used only if the ending of the noun or suffix it is attached is a vowel, if it is a consonant the 'j' changes to 't'.
So we can get the following:
ataata + qaq + juuk --> ataataqaqtuuk - Those two have a father
qukiuti + qaq + junga --> qukiutiqaqtunga - I have a gun
The negation of -qaq- is -qangngit-
qukiutiqangngittunga - I do not have a gun
That is all for now. If I've piched your curiousity enough you can check out this site for basic Inuktitut lessons (w/audio!) [But hopefully you'll still come here for your grammar needs!].