DISCLAIMER: As I have said before, I am not going to "teach" anything here. I strongly suggest that if you are interested in learning Greenlandic you get some of the materials listed in the other topic.
A first glance at some AFFIXES
As you may have noticed, Greenlandic works a lot with basic word roots which are transformed by various endings added to them. From a European perspective this is nothing too weird as far as personal verb endings or case endings in nouns are concerned. But in Greenlandic almost every bit of meaning in a sentence is conveyed by some sort of ending to one of the core words - so quite often a sentence which might contain 10 or 15 words in a European language will consist of 2 or 3 looooooooooong words in Greenlandic Okay, this might look frightening at first, but of course it can only be tackled step by step.
So far we have met several sorts of word endings, like -nngilaq for negation, -qarpoq for possession, -ippoq for being in a location, as well as personal and possessive markers. They can only be learned through practice, so please use the existing topics to practice each topic, and make sure you understand how the various endings are put to the core words.
In this topic I will introduce some common and very useful affixes which can be added to verbs.
-sinnaavoq = is able to / can / may
-lerpoq = begins to / is about to / is ...ing
-tarpoq = does usually (this is obligatory if you want to express an action which happens more than once - the basic form of the verb expresses a singular action)
-ssaaq * = will do / is going to do
-rusuppoq = would like to / wants to (polite)
-reerpoq = has finished / has done as supposed
* -ssaaq has the following set of personal endings:
The other ones work like normal -voq, -rpoq and -ppoq verbs.
All these affixes, apart from -sinnaavoq and -tarpoq, are simply set to the core of the verb, which means, after taking away the -voq / -rpoq / -ppoq part of the basic form.
-tarpoq is special in that it sometimes becomes -sarpoq after a verb core ending in -i (like e.g. sulivoq -> sulisarpoq).
-sinnaavoq and -tarpoq also keep the -r at the end of an "-rpoq" verb core, and assimilate the final consonant of an "-ppoq" verb core to -ss- and -tt- respectively (sinippoq -> sinissinnaavoq = can sleep / -> sinittarpoq = usually sleeps).
Hmmmm, I think I'm going to write some nice examples tomorrow, but I'm tired now - massakkut qasuvunga