Taggit - Nouns

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Taggit - Nouns

Postby ilaana » 2007-02-11, 9:21

Nouns always end in -t in plural

arnaq - arnat
angut - angutit
panik - paniit

Most nouns are conjugated like this:

Nouns ending in a vowel add -t
Nouns ending in -uk and -ik add -it, but k disappears
Nouns ending in -ak add -at, but k disappears
Nouns ending in -q add -t, but q disappears
Nouns ending in -t add -it

illu - illut house - houses
inuk - inuit human being - human beings
orpik - orpiit tree - trees
assak - assaat hand - hands
arnaq - arnat woman - women
angut - angutit man - men

Nouns which end in -gaq, -raq, -seq, -leq, -iaq, -iak and a few others are strongly conjugated which means that the second last consonant is doubled in plural (and some other cases)

atuagaq - atuakkat book - books
meeraq - meeqqat child - children
taseq - tatsit lake - lakes
taleq - tallit arm - arms
timmiaq* - timmissat bird - birds
kikiak* - kikissat nail - nails (as in 'hit the nail on the head' )

*The 'consonant' which is doubled in timmiaq and kikiak is a 'j' which never is written

More strongly conjugated nouns

ameq - ammit (skin (of an animal) - skins (of an animal)
nanoq/nanu - nannut (bear - bears)
imaq - immat (ocean - oceans)
kiinaq - kiinnat (face - faces)
nalunaaqutaq - nalunaaquttat (watch - watches)
qajaq - qaannat (kayak - kayaks)
niu - nissut (leg - legs)

Notice that forms like 'qajat' and 'niut' do exist

Nouns ending in -neq, some on -eq, the affixes -suaq and -nnguaq and some others. You can't really make any rules here, because many are conjugated very irregularly

erneq - ernerit son - sons
kinguneq - kingunerit consequence - consequences
sianeq - siarnit bell - bells
aaveq - aarfit/aarrit walrus - walruses
Nikallujuitsoq iluanaartarpoq - Tamaasa iluatsittarai - Iluatsinniarlitoq - Iluatsitsinerinnaavoq

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Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-02-11, 12:16

Additional remark: These are the noun classes I mentioned when I said that I would first stick with class 1 nouns, because they are most regular ones.
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