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Some grammar and structures - part 7

Posted: 2007-02-02, 10:59
by nighean-neonach
DISCLAIMER: As I have said before, I am not going to "teach" anything here. I strongly suggest that if you are interested in learning Greenlandic you get some of the materials listed in the other topic.

VERBAL INFLECTION - 1st and 2nd person etc.

We have already looked at "attribute verbs" and at some few other verbs in the "basic phrases" section, and Stacy found out how to play around with the personal endings, so I thought I could as well give some complete patterns :)

I take the verb nerivoq = eat.

This is the dictionary form, 3rd person sg., present/past tense. It will be mostly perceived as past tense and you need additional markers to stress a present, current, started or ongoing action, but we won't bother with that yet ;)

So the basic present/past pattern looks like this:

nerivunga = I eat / ate
nerivutit = you (sg.) eat / ate
nerivoq = he, she, it eats / ate
nerivugut = we eat / ate
nerivusi = you (pl.) eat / ate
neripput = they eat / ate

The same can be done with the attribute verbs, of course:

mikivunga = I am small
mikivutit = you (sg.) are small
mikivoq = he, she, it is small
mikivugut = we are small
mikivusi = you (pl.) are small
mikipput = they are small

With r-stem verbs the pattern is just slightly different:

atuarpunga = I read
atuarputit = you read
atuarpoq = he, she, it reads
atuarpugut = we read
atuarpusi = you read
atuarput = they read

So with v-stem verbs it's -v- in all forms apart from 3rd plural, where it is -pp-, and with r-stem verbs it is -rp- in all forms.

Please do not try adding objects to form sentences like "I read a book" or "we eat a cake" yet, because there are some important grammatical patterns you need to know first. (For the linguists: Greenlandic is an ergative language!)

But I am going to give the question and negative forms, so you can try and play around a bit with the verbs, and I'm going to add more verbs to the word box :)

nerivit? = do/did you (sg.) eat?
neriva? = does/did he, she, it eat?
nerivisi? = do/did you (pl.) eat?
nerippat? = do/did they eat?

There are no special question forms for the 1st person, because I suppose that's not often used.

Can you guess what the question forms look like for r-stems? ;)

nerinngilanga = I do/did not eat
nerinngilatit = you (sg.) do/did not eat
nerinngilaq = he, she, it does/did not eat
nerinngilagut = we do/did not eat
nerinngilasi = you (pl.) do/did not eat
nerinngillat = they do/did not eat

nerinngila? = does/did he, she, it not eat?

As you can see, the endings for the negative forms are slightly similar to the positive forms. The -nngila- bit is always there, but behind that there are a lot of similarities with the positive forms. The doubled -l- in the 3rd plural is not a typo.

Posted: 2007-02-07, 11:45
by nighean-neonach
Atuarpit? Nerivit? Mikivit?

Uanga mikivunga ;) 8)
Atuarpunga, nerinngilanga.

I think I should put more verbs in the word box...

Posted: 2007-02-07, 14:15
by Vertaler
What's "uanga"?

Posted: 2007-02-07, 18:06
by nighean-neonach
uanga = I, me (stressed form, otherwise it's in the verb endings)