Some grammar and structures - part 5

User avatar
nighean-neonach
Posts: 2440
Joined: 2007-01-14, 22:39
Real Name: Mona
Gender: female
Location: eadar cuan is teine

Some grammar and structures - part 5

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-01-30, 9:14

DISCLAIMER: As I have said before, I am not going to "teach" anything here. I strongly suggest that if you are interested in learning Greenlandic you get some of the materials listed in the other topic.


This is the next bit about "ATTRIBUTE VERBS" as started in part 2.

I am going to add some more attribute verbs to the word box, so we have more words to use for practice. The reason I started only with a handful of words yesterday was that I wanted to stick with vowel stem words for a start, but I think it's actually not that difficult to introduce the others as well, the endings are almost the same, and we have come across one of them in the "basic phrases" thread anyway.

Examples:

mikivoq = is small
mikipput = are small

ajorpoq = is bad
ajorput = are small

pikkorippoq = is diligent / smart
pikkoripput = are diligent / smart

You can see the slightly different endings. The first example, the one we have already seen in part 2, belongs to the class of vowel-stems, the second is an r-stem, and the third a consonant stem. We will come across these again when we deal with verbs in more detail.

~ ~ ~

Now, as I mentioned before, you can also negate an attribute, to say that something is not like that.
We have seen one good example in the basic phrases:

ajorpoq = is bad
ajunngilaq = is not bad = is good / okay / well

So you basically throw away the normal ending of the attribute verb, and add -nngilaq instead. You have to keep the e/o -> i/u rule in mind here, as you see with ajorpoq -> ajunngilaq.

Of course there's a plural form as well:

ajorput = are bad
ajunngillat = are not bad = are good / okay well

So, for the other attribute verbs mentioned above the negated forms would be:

mikivoq = is small
mikinngilaq = is not small

mikipput = are small
mikinngillat = are not small

pikkorippoq = is diligent / smart
pikkorinngilaq = is not diligent / smart

pikkoripput = are diligent / smart
pikkorinngillat = are not diligent / smart

Now you're alll confused? Go practice it a bit with some phrases from the word box. I'm going to add some more nice words :)
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

User avatar
nighean-neonach
Posts: 2440
Joined: 2007-01-14, 22:39
Real Name: Mona
Gender: female
Location: eadar cuan is teine

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-02-07, 11:40

Qimmit silatunngillat.
Arnaq qasunngilaq.
Aviisit akisunngillat.
Biili akisuvoq.
Illut aappalupput.
Iffiaq ajunngilaq.
Qaqqat angipput.

What about turning the negative sentences into positive ones and the other way round? :) Or you can invent new ones...
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

User avatar
Vertaler
Posts: 156
Joined: 2006-12-01, 10:12
Gender: male

Postby Vertaler » 2007-02-07, 13:55

I also did some singular/plural training, geek as I am.

Qimmit silatunngillat. - [spoiler]Qimmit silatupput, qimmeq silatuvoq[/spoiler]
Arnaq qasunngilaq. - [spoiler]Arnaq quasuvoq, arnat quasupput[/spoiler]
Aviisit akisunngillat. - [spoiler]Aviisit akisupput, aviisi akisuvoq[/spoiler]
Biili akisuvoq. - [spoiler]Biili akisunngilaq, biilit akisunngillat[/spoiler]
Illut aappalupput. - [spoiler]Illut aappalunngillat, illu aappalunngilaq[/spoiler]
Iffiaq ajunngilaq. - [spoiler]Iffiaq ajuvoq, iffiat ajupput[/spoiler]
Qaqqat angipput. - [spoiler]Qaqqat anginngillat, qaqqaq anginngilaq[/spoiler]

User avatar
nighean-neonach
Posts: 2440
Joined: 2007-01-14, 22:39
Real Name: Mona
Gender: female
Location: eadar cuan is teine

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-02-07, 18:17

The affirmative form of ajunngilaq is ajorpoq :) That's an r-stem verb.
The rest is just fine 8)
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.


Return to “North American Indigenous Languages”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest