DISCLAIMER: As I have said before, I am not going to "teach" anything here. I strongly suggest that if you are interested in learning Greenlandic you get some of the materials listed in the other topic.
Today's first topic are some simple PHRASES, which are useful for colloquial communication. I am not going into detail on grammar here.
For greeting people Greenlanders use phrases borrowed from Danish, which are written like this:
kumoorn = good morning
kutaa = god day
You can also say:
aluu = hello
For saying goodbye, the English phrase is used, sometimes written as "baj".
There is also a Greenlandic goodbye word:
Takuss' = (literally something like "see you")
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To introduce yourself and get in contact with people, it's good to know how to ask for and tell your name, age, and where you come from.
Monamik ateqarpunga = My name is Mona.
The person's name goes into instrumental case, because ateqarpoq is an intransitive verb form (-punga = 1st person ending), but won't look at that in detail now (I just mention it so you will understand it later).
So to tell your name you add -mik to your name, and use this phrase.
To ask someone's name you use the following:
Qanoq ateqarpit? = What is your name?
qanoq = how?
The verb goes into 2nd person question form here.
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30-nik ukioqarpunga = I am 30 years old.
In Greenlandic today Danish number words are used for numbers bigger than 12, although there are some more original Greenlandic number words (my books list them up to 20, they are based on counting fingers and toes).
So what I've written above would be said as: "tredive-nik..."
The -nik is marks the instrumental case plural.
To ask someone's age you use the following phrase:
Qassinik ukioqarpit? = How old are you?
qassit = how many, in instrumental case here.
The verb is again in 2nd person question form.
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A bit of explanation about the verbs used above:
ateq = name
ukioq = winter, year
-qarpoq = to be with something, to have something
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.