Some grammar and structures - part 1 (word box)

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nighean-neonach
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Some grammar and structures - part 1 (word box)

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-01-29, 8:20

DISCLAIMER: As I have said before, I am not going to "teach" anything here. I strongly suggest that if you are interested in learning Greenlandic you get some of the materials listed in the other topic.

I am going to start a few topics on basic grammar patterns, and in this topic here you will find some simple words you need to practice those patterns.
I'm doing it like this because I think this way it will be the most concise and clearly arranged. More words can be added to this topic bit by bit, and the other topics will just present a certain pattern each, which can then be practiced (or questions can be asked about it).

The following words are class 1 nouns, and I give the plural form with each as well.

atuarfik, atuarfiit = school
biili, biilit = car
arnaq, arnat = woman
angut, angutit = man
imaq, imat = sea
qaqqaq, qaqqat = mountain
kangerluk, kangerluit = fjord
pisiniarfik, -fiit = shop
ukiaq = autumn
unnuk, unnuit = evening
oqaluttuaq, oqaluttuat = story
mittarfik, -fiit = airport
kuuk, kuut = river
nuliaq, nuliat = wife
ui, uit = husband
qimmeq, qimmit = dog
ikinngut, ikinngutit = friend
iffiaq, iffiat = bread

Please don't use this topic for anything not directly referring to the words. Please do not add random words (especially if you are not sure that they are Greenlandic!). Please do not ask for random words, I am going to keep to class 1 nouns for a while, for grammar reasons.
M
Last edited by nighean-neonach on 2007-01-29, 9:41, edited 1 time in total.
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

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nighean-neonach
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Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-01-29, 8:38

I forgot the attribute verbs we need for the pattern introduced in part 2:

angivoq = is big
qasuvoq = is tired
takivoq = is long (referring to distance)
akisuvoq = is expensive
silatuvoq = is clever

I am only giving these few right now, because they all work in exactly the same way as the mikivoq example. Most others have slightly different endings, and I'm going to introduced those another time.
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

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nighean-neonach
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Joined: 2007-01-14, 22:39
Real Name: Mona
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Location: eadar cuan is teine

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-01-30, 9:25

Some more attribute verbs to play around with:

kusanarpoq = is nice, pretty
akikippoq = is cheap
tungujorpoq = is blue
sungaarpoq = is yellow
taarpoq = is dark
aappaluppoq = is red
ipertuvoq = is dirty
itivoq = is deep
aserorpoq = is broken
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

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nighean-neonach
Posts: 2440
Joined: 2007-01-14, 22:39
Real Name: Mona
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Location: eadar cuan is teine

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-02-02, 11:23

some more nouns, all class 1:

aviisi, aviisit = newspaper
ini, init = room
matu, matut = door
ataata, ataatat = father
anaana, anaanat = mother
uumasoq, uumasut = animal
qajoq, qajut = soup

some more verbs and attribute verbs:

qaqorpoq = is white
imerpoq = drink
panerpoq = is dry
atuarpoq = read
allappoq = write
angalavoq = travel around
illarpoq = laugh
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

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nighean-neonach
Posts: 2440
Joined: 2007-01-14, 22:39
Real Name: Mona
Gender: female
Location: eadar cuan is teine

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-02-12, 21:47

Some more nouns and verbs to play around with, to practice weird ergative sentences ;)

qitsuk = cat
sava = sheep
panik = daugher
nuka = younger sibling of equal gender
angaju = elder sibling of equal gender
aleqa = a boy's elder sister
naja = a boy's younger sister
ani = a girl's elder brother
aqqaluk = a girl's younger brother
aanaq = grandmother
aataq = grandfather
nanoq = polar bear
kaffi = coffee
tii = tea

asavoq = loves
takuvoq = sees (transitive: takuaa! because -v- is not written between u and a)
naapippoq = meets
imerpoq = drinks
allappoq = writes
pulaarpoq = visits
puiorpoq = forgets
pisivoq = buys (transitive: pisiaraa!)
kunissivoq = kisses (transitive: kunippaa!)
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

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Steisi
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Postby Steisi » 2007-02-12, 21:53

uanga kusanarpunga! :biglol:
Native: English
Fluent: Finnish
Want to resuscitate: German
Actively learning: Hebrew
Wishes she had time for: Northern Sámi
En usko humalaan.

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nighean-neonach
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Real Name: Mona
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Location: eadar cuan is teine

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-02-12, 22:11

Ohooo - kunippakkit :good4u:
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

User avatar
nighean-neonach
Posts: 2440
Joined: 2007-01-14, 22:39
Real Name: Mona
Gender: female
Location: eadar cuan is teine

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-03-06, 10:03

Some small words that can be useful:

aamma - and, as well
kisianni - but
ullumi - today (this is the locative case of ulloq = day)
ippassaq - yesterday

Can't think of more right now...
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

User avatar
nighean-neonach
Posts: 2440
Joined: 2007-01-14, 22:39
Real Name: Mona
Gender: female
Location: eadar cuan is teine

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-03-20, 11:11

I will keep this topic locked, because it is really just for the word lists, and I suppose every conversation in here will go too much off-topic sooner or later ;) (I feel guilty myself).

So, for practicing sentences, please use the relevant grammar topics or you can also have a look at this one http://home.unilang.org/main/forum/view ... hp?t=15670 :)

More vocabulary and grammar stuff will come soon! :D
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.

User avatar
nighean-neonach
Posts: 2440
Joined: 2007-01-14, 22:39
Real Name: Mona
Gender: female
Location: eadar cuan is teine

Postby nighean-neonach » 2007-03-29, 8:30

aggerpoq - to come
utaqqivoq - to wait
anivoq - to go out
oqaluppoq - to speak
sulivoq - to work
tikippoq - to arrive
aperivoq - to ask
Writing poetry in: Scottish Gaelic, German, English.
Reading poetry in: Latin, Old Irish, French, Ancient Greek, Old Norse.
Talking to people in the shop in: Lithuanian, Norwegian, Irish Gaelic, Saami.
Listening to people talking in the shop in: Icelandic, Greenlandic, Finnish.


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