Vacuum Cleaner

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lu:ka
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Postby lu:ka » 2005-06-25, 7:53

Afrikaans: stofsuier
Danish: støvsuger
Dutch: stofzuiger
English: vacuum cleaner, hoover
Faroese: dustsúgvari
Frisian: stofsûger
German: Staubsauger
Icelandic: ryksuga
Luxembourgish: Staubsauger
Norwegian: støvsuger
Swedish: dammsugare
meaning of all those words (except English): "dust sucker"

Catalan: aspirador/aspiradora
French: aspirateur
Italian: aspirapolvere (dust sucker)
Portuguese: aspirador (de pó)
Spanish: aspiradora
Romanian: aspirator
meaning of all those words: "(dust) sucker"

Bulgarian: прахосмукачка (dust sucker)
Croatian: usisivač (in-sucker)
Czech: vysavač
Polish: odkurzacz
Russian: пылесос ("dust sucker")
Serbian: усисивач [usisivač] (in-sucker)
Slovak: vysávač

Greek: ηλεκτρική σκούπα [ilektriki skupa]

Inuktitut: pujurinniijauti

Latvian: putekļsūcējs

Finnish: imuri, pölynimuri
Hungarian: porszívó

Hebrew: שואב אבק [sho'ev avak] (dust sucker)

Turkish: elektrik süpürgesi, elektrikli süpürge (süpürge = broom)

Canis: vacuratora
Esperanto: polvosuĉilo
Interlingua: aspirator
Lingua Franca Nova: arabasador

Japanese: (真空)掃除機 [(shinku)sōjiki = vacuum cleaning machine], バキュームクリーナー [bakyuumu kurīnā (from English)]

Chinese: 吸尘器 / 吸塵器 / (Mandarin) xīchénqì (absorb + dust + utensil); 吸塵機 / 吸尘机 / (Mandarin) xīchénjī / (Cantonese) kap<sup>1</sup> can<sup>4</sup> gei<sup>1</sup> (absorb + dust + machine)

Scots-Gaelic: sguabadair

Glory is like a circle in the water,
Which never ceaseth to enlarge itself,
Till by broad spreading it disperses to naught.
William Shakespeare, First part of King Henry the Sixth, Act I. Scene II.


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steiner1745
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Postby steiner1745 » 2005-06-30, 17:08

While we're on this topic, how about the
Spanish words for "canister sweeper"?
The best I can come up with is
"aspiradora con bote".
Is there a better expression?
Saludos,
Steiner1745

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linguoboy
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Re:

Postby linguoboy » 2019-01-04, 16:21

Afrikaans: stofsuier
Danish: støvsuger
Dutch: stofzuiger
English: vacuum cleaner, hoover
Faroese: dustsúgvari
Frisian: stofsûger
German: Staubsauger
Icelandic: ryksuga
Luxembourgish: Staubsauger
Norwegian: støvsuger
Swedish: dammsugare
meaning of all those words (except English): "dust sucker"

Irish: folúsghlantóir
Scots-Gaelic: sguabadair
Welsh: sugnwr llwch

Catalan: aspirador/aspiradora
French: aspirateur
Italian: aspirapolvere (dust sucker)
Portuguese: aspirador (de pó)
Spanish: aspiradora
Romanian: aspirator
meaning of all those words: "(dust) sucker"

Bulgarian: прахосмукачка (dust sucker)
Croatian: usisivač (in-sucker)
Czech: vysavač
Polish: odkurzacz
Russian: пылесос ("dust sucker")
Serbian: усисивач [usisivač] (in-sucker)
Slovak: vysávač

Greek: ηλεκτρική σκούπα [ilektriki skupa]

Inuktitut: pujurinniijauti

Latvian: putekļsūcējs

Finnish: imuri, pölynimuri
Hungarian: porszívó

Hebrew: שואב אבק [sho'ev avak] (dust sucker)

Turkish: elektrik süpürgesi, elektrikli süpürge (süpürge = broom)

Japanese: (真空)掃除機 [(shinku)sōjiki = vacuum cleaning machine], バキュームクリーナー [bakyuumu kurīnā (from English)]
Korean: 진공청소기 (眞空淸掃器) [jin'gongcheongsogi]

Chinese: 吸尘器 / 吸塵器 / (Mandarin) xīchénqì (absorb + dust + utensil); 吸塵機 / 吸尘机 / (Mandarin) xīchénjī / (Cantonese) kāpchàhngēi (absorb + dust + machine)

Canis: vacuratora
Esperanto: polvosuĉilo
Interlingua: aspirator
Lingua Franca Nova: arabasador
"Richmond is a real scholar; Owen just learns languages because he can't bear not to know what other people are saying."--Margaret Lattimore on her two sons

Linguaphile
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Re: Vacuum Cleaner

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-01-04, 16:51

Added multiple languages (Estonian, Hmong Daw, Hmong Njua, Inari Saami, Iu Mienh, Lao, Livonian, Lule Saami, North Saami, Thai, Votic, Võro). Fixed the order of languages a little bit (Inuktitut was between Greek and Latvian) and added a few explanations about the meanings.
It's interesting that English, Japanese, and Korean all use words that refer to a "vacuum" (in its scientific sense) while most other languages have an etymology involving dust and/or sucking.

Afrikaans: stofsuier (dust sucker)
Danish: støvsuger (dust sucker)
Dutch: stofzuiger (dust sucker)
English: vacuum cleaner, hoover
Faroese: dustsúgvari (dust sucker)
Frisian: stofsûger (dust sucker)
German: Staubsauger (dust sucker)
Icelandic: ryksuga (dust sucker)
Luxembourgish: Staubsauger (dust sucker)
Norwegian: støvsuger (dust sucker)
Swedish: dammsugare (dust sucker)

Irish: folúsghlantóir
Scots-Gaelic: sguabadair (sweeper)
Welsh: sugnwr llwch

Catalan: aspirador/aspiradora
French: aspirateur (sucker)
Italian: aspirapolvere (dust sucker)
Portuguese: aspirador (de pó)
Spanish: aspiradora (inhaler)
Romanian: aspirator

Bulgarian: прахосмукачка (dust sucker)
Croatian: usisivač (in-sucker)
Czech: vysavač
Polish: odkurzacz
Russian: пылесос (dust sucker)
Serbian: усисивач [usisivač] (in-sucker)
Slovak: vysávač

Greek: ηλεκτρική σκούπα [ilektriki skupa] (electric broom)

Latvian: putekļsūcējs (dust cleaner)

Estonian: tolmuimeja (dust sucker)
Estonian (Kihnu dialect): tolmoimejä (dust sucker)
Finnish: imuri (sucker), pölynimuri (dust sucker)
Hungarian: porszívó (dust sucker)
Inari Saami: kovjânjammee (dust sucker), lyeninjammee (trash sucker)
Livonian: põrmimmiji (dust sucker)
Lule Saami: dubmerubán (dust sucker)
North Saami: gavjanjammi (dust sucker), noavki (unknown origin)
Votic: pöllüimejä (dust sucker)
Võro: pudsunudsija (fleck sucker) (pudsu = fleck, speck, dust bunny)

Hebrew: שואב אבק [sho'ev avak] (dust sucker)

Turkish: elektrik süpürgesi, elektrikli süpürge (süpürge = broom)

Hmong Daw: tshuab nqus tsev (house-sucking machine)
Hmong Njua: tshuab nqug tsev (house-sucking machine)
Iu Mienh: sorqv la'fapv ji (dust-sucking machine)

Lao: ຈັກດູດຝຸ່ນ [tɕak duːt fun] (dust-sucking machine)
Thai: เครื่องดูดฝุ่น [kʰrɯa̯ŋ duːt fun] (dust-sucking machine)

Japanese: (真空)掃除機 [(shinku)sōjiki = vacuum cleaning machine], バキュームクリーナー [bakyuumu kurīnā (from English)]
Korean: 진공청소기 (眞空淸掃器) [jin'gongcheongsogi] (vacuum cleaner), 청소기 (淸掃機) [cheongsogi] (cleaner)

Chinese: 吸尘器 / 吸塵器 / (Mandarin) xīchénqì (absorb + dust + utensil); 吸塵機 / 吸尘机 / (Mandarin) xīchénjī / (Cantonese) kāpchàhngēi (absorb + dust + machine)

Inuktitut: pujurinniijauti (pujurinniq = light dust, such as what covers furniture)

Canis: vacuratora
Esperanto: polvosuĉilo
Interlingua: aspirator
Lingua Franca Nova: arabasador

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linguoboy
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Re: Vacuum Cleaner

Postby linguoboy » 2019-01-04, 17:15

Linguaphile wrote:It's interesting that only English, Japanese, and Korean use words that refer to a "vacuum" (in its scientific sense).

Irish as well. (Cf. seomra folúis "vacuum chamber".)

I appreciate that you've added glosses, but it's confusing because in many case parentheses were already being used for other purposes (viz. aspirador (de pó)).
"Richmond is a real scholar; Owen just learns languages because he can't bear not to know what other people are saying."--Margaret Lattimore on her two sons

Linguaphile
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Joined: 2016-09-17, 5:06

Re: Vacuum Cleaner

Postby Linguaphile » 2019-01-04, 17:43

linguoboy wrote:I appreciate that you've added glosses, but it's confusing because in many case parentheses were already being used for other purposes (viz. aspirador (de pó)).

But only that one (de pó). Parenthesis were already being used for glosses (cf. Italian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Russian, Hebrew, Turkish). Other glosses were listed at the end of a language family, but doing it that way meant that the gloss was incorrect for some (actually, most) of the Romance languages.
I added italics to the glosses and changed the Portuguese de pó to brackets to make it more clear.

Afrikaans: stofsuier (dust sucker)
Danish: støvsuger (dust sucker)
Dutch: stofzuiger (dust sucker)
English: vacuum cleaner, hoover
Faroese: dustsúgvari (dust sucker)
Frisian: stofsûger (dust sucker)
German: Staubsauger (dust sucker)
Icelandic: ryksuga (dust sucker)
Luxembourgish: Staubsauger (dust sucker)
Norwegian: støvsuger (dust sucker)
Swedish: dammsugare (dust sucker)

Irish: folúsghlantóir (related to folúis = vacuum)
Scots-Gaelic: sguabadair (sweeper)
Welsh: sugnwr llwch

Catalan: aspirador/aspiradora (inhaler)
French: aspirateur (sucker)
Italian: aspirapolvere (dust sucker)
Portuguese: aspirador [de pó] (inhaler [of dust])
Spanish: aspiradora (inhaler)
Romanian: aspirator (inhaler)

Bulgarian: прахосмукачка (dust sucker)
Croatian: usisivač (in-sucker)
Czech: vysavač
Polish: odkurzacz
Russian: пылесос (dust sucker)
Serbian: усисивач [usisivač] (in-sucker)
Slovak: vysávač

Greek: ηλεκτρική σκούπα [ilektriki skupa] (electric broom)

Latvian: putekļsūcējs (dust cleaner)

Estonian: tolmuimeja (dust sucker)
Estonian [Kihnu dialect]: tolmoimejä (dust sucker)
Finnish: imuri (sucker), pölynimuri (dust sucker)
Hungarian: porszívó (dust sucker)
Inari Saami: kovjânjammee (dust sucker), lyeninjammee (trash sucker)
Livonian: põrmimmiji (dust sucker)
Lule Saami: dubmerubán (dust sucker)
North Saami: gavjanjammi (dust sucker), noavki (unknown origin)
Votic: pöllüimejä (dust sucker)
Võro: pudsunudsija (fleck sucker) (pudsu = fleck, speck, dust bunny)

Hebrew: שואב אבק [sho'ev avak] (dust sucker)

Turkish: elektrik süpürgesi, elektrikli süpürge (süpürge = broom)

Hmong Daw: tshuab nqus tsev (house-sucking machine)
Hmong Njua: tshuab nqug tsev (house-sucking machine)
Iu Mienh: sorqv la'fapv ji (dust-sucking machine)

Lao: ຈັກດູດຝຸ່ນ [tɕak duːt fun] (dust-sucking machine)
Thai: เครื่องดูดฝุ่น [kʰrɯa̯ŋ duːt fun] (dust-sucking machine)

Japanese: (真空)掃除機 ([shinku]sōjiki = vacuum cleaning machine), バキュームクリーナー (bakyuumu kurīnā [from English])
Korean: 진공청소기 (眞空淸掃器) [jin'gongcheongsogi] (vacuum cleaner), 청소기 (淸掃機) [cheongsogi] (cleaner)

Chinese: 吸尘器 / 吸塵器 / (Mandarin) xīchénqì (absorb + dust + utensil); 吸塵機 / 吸尘机 / (Mandarin) xīchénjī / (Cantonese) kāpchàhngēi (absorb + dust + machine)

Inuktitut: pujurinniijauti (pujurinniq = light dust, such as what covers furniture)

Canis: vacuratora
Esperanto: polvosuĉilo
Interlingua: aspirator
Lingua Franca Nova: arabasador

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linguoboy
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Re: Vacuum Cleaner

Postby linguoboy » 2019-01-04, 17:55

Let me help with some glosses.

Afrikaans: stofsuier (dust sucker)
Danish: støvsuger (dust sucker)
Dutch: stofzuiger (dust sucker)
English: vacuum cleaner, hoover
Faroese: dustsúgvari (dust sucker)
Frisian: stofsûger (dust sucker)
German: Staubsauger (dust sucker)
Icelandic: ryksuga (dust sucker)
Luxembourgish: Staubsauger (dust sucker)
Norwegian: støvsuger (dust sucker)
Swedish: dammsugare (dust sucker)

Irish: folúsghlantóir (vacuum cleaner)
Scots-Gaelic: sguabadair (sweeper)
Welsh: sugnwr llwch (dust sucker)

Catalan: aspirador/aspiradora (inhaler)
French: aspirateur (sucker)
Italian: aspirapolvere (dust sucker)
Portuguese: aspirador [de pó] (inhaler [of dust])
Spanish: aspiradora (inhaler)
Romanian: aspirator (inhaler)

Bulgarian: прахосмукачка (dust sucker)
Croatian: usisivač (in-sucker)
Czech: vysavač (out-sucker)
Polish: odkurzacz (de-duster)
Russian: пылесос (dust sucker)
Serbian: усисивач [usisivač] (in-sucker)
Slovak: vysávač (out-sucker)

Greek: ηλεκτρική σκούπα [ilektriki skupa] (electric broom)

Latvian: putekļsūcējs (dust cleaner)

Estonian: tolmuimeja (dust sucker)
Estonian [Kihnu dialect]: tolmoimejä (dust sucker)
Finnish: imuri (sucker), pölynimuri (dust sucker)
Hungarian: porszívó (dust sucker)
Inari Saami: kovjânjammee (dust sucker), lyeninjammee (trash sucker)
Livonian: põrmimmiji (dust sucker)
Lule Saami: dubmerubán (dust sucker)
North Saami: gavjanjammi (dust sucker), noavki (unknown origin)
Votic: pöllüimejä (dust sucker)
Võro: pudsunudsija (fleck sucker) (pudsu = fleck, speck, dust bunny)

Hebrew: שואב אבק [sho'ev avak] (dust sucker)

Turkish: elektrik süpürgesi, elektrikli süpürge (süpürge = broom)

Hmong Daw: tshuab nqus tsev (house-sucking machine)
Hmong Njua: tshuab nqug tsev (house-sucking machine)
Iu Mienh: sorqv la'fapv ji (dust-sucking machine)

Lao: ຈັກດູດຝຸ່ນ [tɕak duːt fun] (dust-sucking machine)
Thai: เครื่องดูดฝุ่น [kʰrɯa̯ŋ duːt fun] (dust-sucking machine)

Vietnamese: máy hút bụi (dust-sucking machine)

Japanese: (真空)掃除機 ([shinku]sōjiki = vacuum cleaning machine), バキュームクリーナー (bakyuumu kurīnā [from English])
Korean: 진공청소기 (眞空淸掃器) [jin'gongcheongsogi] (vacuum cleaner), 청소기 (淸掃機) [cheongsogi] (cleaner)

Chinese: 吸尘器 / 吸塵器 / (Mandarin) xīchénqì (absorb + dust + utensil); 吸塵機 / 吸尘机 / (Mandarin) xīchénjī / (Cantonese) kāpchàhngēi (absorb + dust + machine)

Inuktitut: pujurinniijauti (pujurinniq = light dust, such as what covers furniture)

Canis: vacuratora
Esperanto: polvosuĉilo
Interlingua: aspirator
Lingua Franca Nova: arabasador
"Richmond is a real scholar; Owen just learns languages because he can't bear not to know what other people are saying."--Margaret Lattimore on her two sons


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