He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

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h34
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He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby h34 » 2018-11-12, 11:44

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(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja.
(fi) Opettaja (m=f). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Luís » 2018-11-12, 13:25

Adding Portuguese

h34 wrote:
(1) Does the pronoun have gender-specific forms?
(2) Is a copula verb (or suffix) used? If possible, pls underline it.
(3) Does the noun 'teacher' have gender-specific forms?
(4) Does the noun appear in the dictionary form or in another case (as in Polish)?


1. Yes
2. Yes
3. Yes
4. Dictionary form

(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja.
(fi) Opettaja (m=f). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.
Quot linguas calles, tot homines vales

Linguaphile
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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-11-12, 17:33

+ Spanish, Kaqchikel Maya, K'iche' Maya, Hmong Daw, Hmong Njua, Chuanqiandian Hmong, Ludic, Livonian, Veps, Votic, Võro, Inari Saami, Kildin Saami, Northern Saami, Skolt Saami, South Saami.

(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestra. Ella es maestra.
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja.
(fi) Opettaja (m=f). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja.
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Öööhpehtæjja (m=f) / lohkehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Naava » 2018-11-12, 19:19

Linguaphile wrote:(smi-sma) Öööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.

Was it a typo or is there really three Ö's in öööhpehtæjja? :shock:

+ archaic Finnish word for teacher (f)
+ Southern Ostrobothnian. I underlined the whole "s/he is" part because I'm not sure where the border between the pronoun and the verb is.
It could be either soon or soon. When you conjugate the verb, you can see that there's always two O's in each person: moon, soot, soon... That's why you could say both O's are part of the verb.
But if you use the verb without the pronoun, there's only one O: on. That's also very similar to spoken Finnish, where there's one O in the 3rd person but two O's elsewhere: oon, sä oot, but se on. So, you could say that only the second O is part of the verb and the first O is just assimilated E from the pronoun se.
However, there's also the alternative variant son, which has only one O. It's possible that this is the original one and that soon was formed in analogy to moon and soot. Also, Meänkieli, which is quite close to the Ostrobothnian dialects, has (se) oon with two O's even when the pronoun is omitted. Maybe we had oon at some point, too - who knows? In that case soon could be a remnant of that. Anyway, you could say again that both O's belong to the verb...


(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestra. Ella es maestra.
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja.
(fi) Opettaja (m=f), opettajatar (f, archaic). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja (/opettajatar).
(fi) Opettaja, (ope) (m=f). Soon/son opettaja. Soon/son opettaja. [Southern Ostrobothnian]
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Öööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-11-12, 19:57

Naava wrote:
Linguaphile wrote:(smi-sma) Öööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.

Was it a typo or is there really three Ö's in öööhpehtæjja? :shock:
LOL. Just two. South Saami does tend to have more vowels than related languages but not that many more. Besides, the additional vowels tend to be diphthongs. :P
Your inclusion of opettajatar reminded me that Estonian has õpetajanna, so I'm adding that. I'm not marking it as 'archaic' since it really can still be used, but it's more common to use õpetaja for both genders, so maybe õpetajanna could be called 'semi-archaic' (or just plain 'old-fashioned'.) There's also naisõpetaja (f) and meesõpetaja (m), but those truly are archaic. It's a bit like calling someone a schoolmarm in English; the words exist but the more common word for either gender is simply õpetaja.


(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestra. Ella es maestra.
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f), õpetajanna (f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja (/õpetajanna).
(fi) Opettaja (m=f), opettajatar (f, archaic). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja (/opettajatar).
(fi) Opettaja, (ope) (m=f). Soon/son opettaja. Soon/son opettaja. [Southern Ostrobothnian]
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Ööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.[/quote]

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Naava » 2018-11-12, 20:06

Linguaphile wrote:There's also naisõpetaja (f) and meesõpetaja (m), but those truly are archaic.

Funny, naisopettaja and miesopettaja are not archaic in Finnish. :P They're only used when you need to specify the gender, though, eg. if you're comparing salaries or something.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-11-12, 20:14

Naava wrote:
Linguaphile wrote:There's also naisõpetaja (f) and meesõpetaja (m), but those truly are archaic.

Funny, naisopettaja and miesopettaja are not archaic in Finnish. :P They're only used when you need to specify the gender, though, eg. if you're comparing salaries or something.

They can be used that way in Estonian too, just as "male teacher" and "female teacher" can be used in English in that context. But as a translation for "teacher" on its own, they'd be archaic.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Naava » 2018-11-12, 20:17

I see. I don't think they've ever been used for 'teacher' in Finnish. :hmm: It was more common to call teachers opettaja (m) and opettajatar (f).

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Dormouse559 » 2018-11-12, 21:54

Couldn't have chosen a different noun? :P The default French translation of "teacher" is professeur, and there's a lot of disagreement about what the feminine form should be. Variants include professeur, just with feminine agreement, and professeure; and less commonly professeuse, professoresse. In the interest of brevity, I'll put just the first two options in my entry.

(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestro. Ella es maestra.
(fr) Professeur (m). Professeur(e) (f). Il est professeur. Elle est professeur(e).
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f), õpetajanna (f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja (/õpetajanna).
(fi) Opettaja (m=f), opettajatar (f, archaic). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja (/opettajatar).
(fi) Opettaja, (ope) (m=f). Soon/son opettaja. Soon/son opettaja. [Southern Ostrobothnian]
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Ööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.
N'hésite pas à corriger mes erreurs.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby h34 » 2018-11-13, 13:07

Thanks a lot for all the replies!
+ Erzya, Udmurt, Mandarin (Simplified)

(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestro. Ella es maestra.
(fr) Professeur (m). Professeur(e) (f). Il est professeur. Elle est professeur(e).
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f), õpetajanna (f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja (/õpetajanna).
(fi) Opettaja (m=f), opettajatar (f, archaic). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja (/opettajatar).
(fi) Opettaja, (ope) (m=f). Soon/son opettaja. Soon/son opettaja. [Southern Ostrobothnian]
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(myv) Тонавтыця (m=f). Сон тонавтыця. Сон тонавтыця.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Ööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(udm) Дышетӥсь (m=f). Со дышетӥсь. Со дышетӥсь.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(zh) 老师(m=f )。他老师。她老师。

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby księżycowy » 2018-11-13, 15:32

Cayuga & Seneca
As far as I am aware, these can be the noun, or the sentence.

(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestro. Ella es maestra.
(fr) Professeur (m). Professeur(e) (f). Il est professeur. Elle est professeur(e).
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f), õpetajanna (f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja (/õpetajanna).
(fi) Opettaja (m=f), opettajatar (f, archaic). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja (/opettajatar).
(fi) Opettaja, (ope) (m=f). Soon/son opettaja. Soon/son opettaja. [Southern Ostrobothnian]
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(myv) Тонавтыця (m=f). Сон тонавтыця. Сон тонавтыця.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Ööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(udm) Дышетӥсь (m=f). Со дышетӥсь. Со дышетӥсь.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(zh) 老师(m=f )。他老师。她老师。

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(cay) Hadęihǫnya:nih/Hai:hǫnya:nih (m). Ǫdęihǫnyanih (f).
(see) Hayësdanih (m). Yeyësdanih (f).

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Multiturquoise » 2018-11-14, 1:53

Georgian and Turkish.

(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestro. Ella es maestra.
(fr) Professeur (m). Professeur(e) (f). Il est professeur. Elle est professeur(e).
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f), õpetajanna (f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja (/õpetajanna).
(fi) Opettaja (m=f), opettajatar (f, archaic). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja (/opettajatar).
(fi) Opettaja, (ope) (m=f). Soon/son opettaja. Soon/son opettaja. [Southern Ostrobothnian]
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(myv) Тонавтыця (m=f). Сон тонавтыця. Сон тонавтыця.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Ööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(udm) Дышетӥсь (m=f). Со дышетӥсь. Со дышетӥсь.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(tr) Öğretmen (m=f). O, öğretmen(dir). O, öğretmen(dir).

(ka) მასწავლებელი (m=f). ის არის მასწავლებელი. ის არის მასწავლებელი.

(zh) 老师(m=f )。他老师。她老师。

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(cay) Hadęihǫnya:nih/Hai:hǫnya:nih (m). Ǫdęihǫnyanih (f).
(see) Hayësdanih (m). Yeyësdanih (f).

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.
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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby md0 » 2018-11-14, 6:53

+el, el-cy

(1) Does the pronoun have gender-specific forms?

Yes (αυτός/αυτή), but Greek is pro-drop.
(2) Is a copula verb (or suffix) used? If possible, pls underline it.

Copula verb. The same verb, different phonology in the two varieties.
(3) Does the noun 'teacher' have gender-specific forms?

Yes.
(4) Does the noun appear in the dictionary form or in another case (as in Polish)?

It appears in the nominative, which is the citation form.


(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestro. Ella es maestra.
(fr) Professeur (m). Professeur(e) (f). Il est professeur. Elle est professeur(e).
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(el) Δάσκαλος (m) ≠ Δασκάλα (f). Είναι δάσκαλος / Είναι δασκάλα.
(el-cy) Δάσκαλος (m) ≠ Δασκάλα (f). Εν δάσκαλος / Εν δασκάλα.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f), õpetajanna (f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja (/õpetajanna).
(fi) Opettaja (m=f), opettajatar (f, archaic). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja (/opettajatar).
(fi) Opettaja, (ope) (m=f). Soon/son opettaja. Soon/son opettaja. [Southern Ostrobothnian]
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(myv) Тонавтыця (m=f). Сон тонавтыця. Сон тонавтыця.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Ööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(udm) Дышетӥсь (m=f). Со дышетӥсь. Со дышетӥсь.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(tr) Öğretmen (m=f). O, öğretmen(dir). O, öğretmen(dir).

(ka) მასწავლებელი (m=f). ის არის მასწავლებელი. ის არის მასწავლებელი.

(zh) 老师(m=f )。他老师。她老师。

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(cay) Hadęihǫnya:nih/Hai:hǫnya:nih (m). Ǫdęihǫnyanih (f).
(see) Hayësdanih (m). Yeyësdanih (f).

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.
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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby księżycowy » 2018-11-14, 14:51

+ Munster Irish, plus I'm answering the questions for Cayuga, Seneca, and Irish.

(1) Does the pronoun have gender-specific forms?

For Cayuga and Seneca the pronominal prefixes have gender specific forms, yes. For Irish, yes.
(2) Is a copula verb (or suffix) used? If possible, pls underline it.

There is no form of "to be" in Cayuga or Seneca, the verb is "to teach." For Irish, it's the copula.
(3) Does the noun 'teacher' have gender-specific forms?

Yes for Cayuga and Seneca (due to their being based off of a verb form). No for Irish
(4) Does the noun appear in the dictionary form or in another case (as in Polish)?

That's hard to answer for Cayuga and Seneca; for Irish, it's the dictionary form (nom.-acc.).


(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestro. Ella es maestra.
(fr) Professeur (m). Professeur(e) (f). Il est professeur. Elle est professeur(e).
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

Munster Irish (ga) Múinteoir (m=f). Múinteoir is ea é (m.). Múinteoir is ea í (f.).

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(el) Δάσκαλος (m) ≠ Δασκάλα (f). Είναι δάσκαλος / Είναι δασκάλα.
(el-cy) Δάσκαλος (m) ≠ Δασκάλα (f). Εν δάσκαλος / Εν δασκάλα.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f), õpetajanna (f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja (/õpetajanna).
(fi) Opettaja (m=f), opettajatar (f, archaic). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja (/opettajatar).
(fi) Opettaja, (ope) (m=f). Soon/son opettaja. Soon/son opettaja. [Southern Ostrobothnian]
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(myv) Тонавтыця (m=f). Сон тонавтыця. Сон тонавтыця.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Ööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(udm) Дышетӥсь (m=f). Со дышетӥсь. Со дышетӥсь.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(tr) Öğretmen (m=f). O, öğretmen(dir). O, öğretmen(dir).

(ka) მასწავლებელი (m=f). ის არის მასწავლებელი. ის არის მასწავლებელი.

(zh) 老师(m=f )。他老师。她老师。

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(cay) Hadęihǫnya:nih/Hai:hǫnya:nih (m). Ǫdęihǫnyanih (f).
(see) Hayësdanih (m). Yeyësdanih (f).

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.[/quote]

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Linguaphile » 2018-11-14, 15:08

księżycowy wrote:+ Munster Irish, plus I'm answering the questions for Cayuga, Seneca, and Irish.

h34, did you want us to answer the questions? I thought that you just wanted the translations and would look at that to see the answers to the questions. Maybe I misunderstood. Later today I'll answer the questions for the languages I posted if you want me to.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby księżycowy » 2018-11-14, 15:44

I assumed so; he had them in the spoil tag to begin with.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby linguoboy » 2018-11-14, 16:22

księżycowy wrote:I assumed so; he had them in the spoil tag to begin with.

BTW, there's a specific tag for Munster Irish, ga-M.

Banmhúinteoir (f.) exists, but it sounds as obsolete and insulting as English "lady teacher".
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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby księżycowy » 2018-11-14, 16:28

linguoboy wrote:
księżycowy wrote:I assumed so; he had them in the spoil tag to begin with.

BTW, there's a specific tag for Munster Irish, ga-M.

I know. I just thought the Irish flag might be more recognizable than that of Munster province.

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Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby Multiturquoise » 2018-11-14, 17:25

Turkic languages.

(en) Teacher (m=f). He is a teacher. She is a teacher.
(de) Lehrer (m). Lehrerin (f). Er ist Lehrer. Sie ist Lehrerin.

(es) Maestro / profesor (m). Maestra / profesora (f). Él es maestro. Ella es maestra.
(fr) Professeur (m). Professeur(e) (f). Il est professeur. Elle est professeur(e).
(pt) Professor (m). Professora (f). Ele é professor. Ela é professora.

Munster Irish (ga) Múinteoir (m=f). Múinteoir is ea é (m.). Múinteoir is ea í (f.).

(pl) Nauczyciel (m). Nauczycielka (f). On jest nauczycielem. Ona jest nauczycielką.
(ru) Учитель (m). Учительница (f). Он учитель. Она учительница.

(lv) Skolotājs (m). Skolotāja (f). Viņš ir skolotājs. Viņa ir skolotāja.

(el) Δάσκαλος (m) ≠ Δασκάλα (f). Είναι δάσκαλος / Είναι δασκάλα.
(el-cy) Δάσκαλος (m) ≠ Δασκάλα (f). Εν δάσκαλος / Εν δασκάλα.

(et) Õpetaja (m=f), õpetajanna (f). Tema on õpetaja. Tema on õpetaja (/õpetajanna).
(fi) Opettaja (m=f), opettajatar (f, archaic). Hän on opettaja. Hän on opettaja (/opettajatar).
(fi) Opettaja, (ope) (m=f). Soon/son opettaja. Soon/son opettaja. [Southern Ostrobothnian]
(liv) Opātiji (m=f). Tämā um opātiji. Tämā um opātiji.
(lud) Opastaj (m=f). Se om opastaj. Se om opastaj.
(mhr) Туныктышо (m=f). Тудо туныктышо. Тудо туныктышо.
(myv) Тонавтыця (m=f). Сон тонавтыця. Сон тонавтыця.
(smi-sme) Oahpaheaddji (m=f). Son lea oahpaheaddji. Son lea oahpaheaddji.
(smi-smn) Opâtteijee (m=f). Sun lii opâtteijee. Sun lii opâtteijee.
(smi-smk) Учтэлль (m=f). Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль. Со̄нн лӣ учтэлль.
(smi-sms) Uʹčteeʹl (m=f). Son lij uʹčteeʹl. Son lij uʹčteeʹl.
(smi-sma) Ööhpehtæjja (m=f). Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja. Dïhte lea ööhpehtæjja.
(udm) Дышетӥсь (m=f). Со дышетӥсь. Со дышетӥсь.
(vep) Opendai (m=f). Hän om opendai. Hän om opendai.
(vot) Õpõttaja (m=f). Tämä on õpõttaja. Tämä on õpõttaja.
(vro) Oppaja (m=f). Timä om oppaja. Timä om oppaja.

(evn) Алагумни (m=f). Нуӈан алагумни. Нуӈан алагумни.

(az) Müəllim (m), Müəllimə (f). O, müəllimdir. O, müəllimədir.
(tk) Mugallym (m), Mugallyma (f). Ol mugallym. Ol mugallyma.
(tr) Öğretmen (m=f). O, öğretmen(dir). O, öğretmen(dir).
(ba) Уҡытыусы (m=f). Ул уҡытыусы. Ул уҡытыусы.
(kk) Мұғалім (m=f). Ол мұғалім. Ол мұғалім.
(ky) Мугалим (m=f). Ал мугалим. Ал мугалим.
(tt) Укытучы (m=f). Ул укытучы. Ул укытучы.
(ug) ئوقۇتقۇچى (m=f). ئۇ ئوقۇتقۇچى. ئۇ ئوقۇتقۇچى.

(uz) Oʻqituvchi (m=f). U oʻqituvchi. U oʻqituvchi.
(tyv) Башкы (m=f). Ол башкы бар. Ол башкы бар.
(cv) Вӗрентекен (m=f). Вӑл вӗрентекен. Вӑл вӗрентекен.
(sah) Үөрэтээччи (m=f). Кини үөрэтээччи. Кини үөрэтээччи.

(ka) მასწავლებელი (m=f). ის არის მასწავლებელი. ის არის მასწავლებელი.

(zh) 老师(m=f )。他老师。她老师。

(hmn-daw) Xibfwb (m=f). Nws yog ib tug xibfwb. Nws yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-njua) Xibfwb (m=f). Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb. Nwg yog ib tug xibfwb.
(hmn-chun) Guk ndeud (m=f). Nil yaos guk ndeud. Nil yaos guk ndeud.

(cay) Hadęihǫnya:nih/Hai:hǫnya:nih (m). Ǫdęihǫnyanih (f).
(see) Hayësdanih (m). Yeyësdanih (f).

(myn-cak) Tijonel (m=f). Rija' tijonel. Rija' tijonel.
(myn-quc) Ajtij (m=f). Are' ajtij. Are' ajtij.
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h34
Posts: 928
Joined: 2014-12-16, 20:15
Gender: male

Re: He is a teacher. She is a teacher. (gender, copula)

Postby h34 » 2018-11-14, 19:54

Linguaphile wrote:
księżycowy wrote:+ Munster Irish, plus I'm answering the questions for Cayuga, Seneca, and Irish.

h34, did you want us to answer the questions? I thought that you just wanted the translations and would look at that to see the answers to the questions.

Yes, I was just interested in the translations because in a way they answer the questions without any further explanations. Sorry about the misunderstanding but thanks to everyone who took the extra effort to answer the questions anyway! I just added them in order to explain why I was asking for a translation of these two (slightly boring) sentences. :)


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